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Raphael1 US English

(In the Bible) one of the seven archangels in the apocryphal Book of Enoch. He is said to have “healed” the earth when it was defiled by the sins of the fallen angels

Raphael2 US English

(1483–1520), Italian painter and architect; Italian name Raffaello Sanzio. Regarded as one of the greatest artists of the Renaissance, he is particularly noted for his madonnas, including his altarpiece the Sistine Madonna (circa 1513). As an architect, he was put in charge of the work on St. Peter’s Basilica in Rome in 1514

Holinshed, Raphael US English

(Died circa 1580), English chronicler. Although the named compiler of The Chronicles of England, Scotland, and Ireland (1577), Holinshed wrote only the Historie of England and had help with the remainder. The revised (1587) edition was used by Shakespeare