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black US English

Of the very darkest color owing to the absence of or complete absorption of light; the opposite of white

alder US English

A widely distributed tree of the birch family that has toothed leaves and bears male catkins and woody female cones

Black in black US English

Of any human group having dark-colored skin, especially of African or Australian Aboriginal ancestry

Black, Hugo US English

(1886–1971), US Supreme Court associate justice 1937–71; full name Hugo Lafayette Black. Noted as an advocate of First Amendment rights, he was also a US senator from Alabama 1927–37

Black, Joseph US English

(1728–99), Scottish chemist. He developed accurate techniques for following chemical reactions by weighing reactants and products

crowned crane US English

An African crane with a yellowish bristly crest, a mainly black or dark gray body, much white on the wings, and pink and white cheeks

black out US English

(Of a person) undergo a sudden and temporary loss of consciousness

black ant US English

An ant that is black and is often found in and around houses

black art US English

another term for black magic.

black ban US English

A mass refusal to supply or purchase goods or services in an attempt to force a particular decision or action

black box US English

A flight recorder in an aircraft

black bun US English

Rich fruit cake in a pastry case, traditionally eaten in Scotland at New Year

black dog US English

Used as a metaphor for melancholy or depression

black eye US English

A bruised and discolored area around the eye resulting from a blow

black fly US English

A small black fly, the female of which sucks blood and can transmit a number of serious human and animal diseases. Large swarms sometimes cause distress to livestock and humans

black gum US English

Another term for sourgum.

black hat US English

Used in reference to a bad person, especially a villain or criminal in a movie, novel, or play

black ice US English

A transparent coating of ice, found especially on a road or other paved surface

Black Jew US English

Another term for Falasha.

black rat US English

A rat with dark fur, large ears, and a long tail. It is found throughout the world, being particularly common in the tropics, and is the chief host of the plague-transmitting flea

Black Rod US English

(In the UK) the chief usher of the Lord Chamberlain’s department of the royal household, who is also usher to the House of Lords

black rot US English

A disease of fruits and vegetables caused by bacteria or fungi, producing blackening, rotting, and shriveling

Black Sea US English

A tideless almost landlocked sea bounded by Ukraine, Russia, Georgia, Turkey, Bulgaria, and Romania. It is connected to the Mediterranean Sea through the Bosporus and the Sea of Marmara

black tea US English

Tea of the most usual type, that is fully fermented before drying

black tie US English

A black bow tie worn with a dinner jacket

Black Angus US English

Another term for Aberdeen Angus.

black bass US English

A North American freshwater fish of the sunfish family. It is a popular sporting and food fish

black bean US English

Either of two cultivated varieties of bean plant having small black seeds

black bear US English

A medium-sized forest-dwelling bear with blackish fur and a paler face, found in North America and eastern Asia

black belt US English

A black belt worn by an expert in judo, karate, and other martial arts

Black Belt US English

An agricultural district in central Alabama and Mississippi, named for its rich soils

black bile US English

(In medieval science and medicine) one of the four bodily humors, believed to be associated with a melancholy temperament

black birch US English

Another term for sweet birch.

black body US English

A hypothetical perfect absorber and radiator of energy, with no reflecting power

black book US English

A book containing a list of secret contacts, or of the names of people liable to be punished

black bread US English

A coarse, dark-colored type of rye bread

Black Death US English

The great epidemic of bubonic plague that killed a large part of the population of Europe in the mid 14th century. It originated in central Asia and China and spread rapidly through Europe, carried by the fleas of black rats, reaching England in 1348 and killing between one third and one half of the population in a matter of months

black duck US English

A duck with black plumage, especially the American black duck (Anas rubripes) of northeastern North America

black flag US English

A pirate’s ensign, typically thought to feature a white skull and crossbones on a black background; Jolly Roger

Black Friar US English

A Dominican friar

black frost US English

A dry, nonvisible killing frost that turns vegetation black

black gold US English

Petroleum

Black Hand US English

A secret criminal and terrorist society in New York during the early 20th century

Black Hawk US English

(1767–1838), American Indian leader, chief of the Sauk and Fox Indians; native name Makataimeshekiakiak. He fought to repossess Indian lands in the Black Hawk War 1832

Black Hills US English

A mountain range in eastern Wyoming and western South Dakota. The highest point is Harney Peak (7,242 feet; 2,207 m); Mount Rushmore is also part of this range

black hole US English

A region of space having a gravitational field so intense that no matter or radiation can escape

black house US English

A traditional single-storeyed Scottish house built of turf or mortarless stone, typically lacking a chimney and roofed with turf or thatch

black kite US English

A bird of prey with dark plumage and a slightly forked tail, feeding mainly by scavenging and found throughout much of the Old World

black light US English

Ultraviolet or infrared radiation, invisible to the eye

black lung US English

Pneumoconiosis caused by inhalation of coal dust


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