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field marshal US English

An officer of the highest rank in the British and other armies

Haig, Douglas US English

1st Earl Haig of Bemersyde (1861–1928), British Field Marshal. During the First World War he served as Commander-in-Chief of British forces in France, maintaining a strategy of attrition throughout his command

Roberts, Frederick Sleigh US English

1st Earl Roberts of Kandahar (1832–1914), British Field Marshal. He helped suppress the Indian Mutiny of 1857-8, secured victory at Kandahar (1880), ending the Second Afghan War, and planned the successful march on the Boer capital of Pretoria (1900) during the Second Boer War

Rommel, Erwin US English

(1891–1944), German field marshal; known as the Desert Fox. As commander of the Afrika Korps, he captured Tobruk in 1942, but he was defeated by Montgomery at El Alamein later that year. Implicated in the officers' conspiracy against Hitler in 1944, he committed suicide

Kitchener, Herbert US English

(1850–1916), British field marshal and statesman, born in Ireland; full name Horatio Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener. He served as secretary of state for war during World War I

Montgomery, Bernard Law US English

1st Viscount Montgomery of Alamein (1887–1976), British field marshal; known as Monty. His victory at El Alamein in 1942 was the first significant Allied success in World War II. He commanded the Allied ground forces in the invasion of Normandy in 1944 and accepted the German surrender on May 7, 1945