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grammar US English

The whole system and structure of a language or of languages in general, usually taken as consisting of syntax and morphology (including inflections) and sometimes also phonology and semantics

grammar US Thesaurus

the editors of this newspaper need a refresher course in grammar

case grammar US English

A form of grammar in which the structure of sentences is analyzed in terms of the semantic roles of nouns in relation to predicates

grammar checker US English

A computer program which checks the grammar of a text

grammar school US English

another term for elementary school.

cognitive grammar US English

A theory of language that seeks to characterize knowledge of grammar in terms of symbolic conceptual and semantic categories and general cognitive processes

functional grammar US English

A theory of grammar concerned with how the social, cognitive, and pragmatic functions of language relate to structure

generative grammar US English

A type of grammar that describes a language in terms of a set of logical rules formulated so as to be capable of generating the infinite number of possible sentences of that language and providing them with the correct structural description

systemic grammar US English

A method of analysis based on the conception of language as a network of systems determining the options from which speakers choose in accordance with their communicative goals

finite state grammar US English

A deliberately oversimplified form of generative grammar, which generates sentences by working through word by word in a strictly linear fashion. It was used by Chomsky to illustrate the need for more complex features, such as transformations, to account adequately for real language

transformational grammar US English

A type of grammar that describes a language in terms of transformations applied to an underlying deep structure in order to generate the surface structure of sentences that can actually occur


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