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immunity US English

The ability of an organism to resist a particular infection or toxin by the action of specific antibodies or sensitized white blood cells

immunity US Thesaurus

an immunity to malaria

herd immunity US English

The resistance to the spread of a contagious disease within a population that results if a sufficiently high proportion of individuals are immune to the disease, especially through vaccination

use immunity US English

Immunity from the use of a witness's own testimony, or any evidence derived from such testimony, in a future prosecution against the witness.

active immunity US English

The immunity that results from the production of antibodies by the immune system in response to the presence of an antigen

adaptive immunity US English

= active immunity.

cellular immunity US English

(Originally) immunity dependent upon the activity of phagocytic cells (macrophages) (now rare or historical); (later also) cell-mediated immunity.

natural immunity US English

Immunity not acquired by vaccination or previous infection; specifically immunity to a particular infection which is inherent in the genetic make-up of an individual, species, family, etc.; also in extended use.

passive immunity US English

The short-term immunity that results from the introduction of antibodies from another person or animal

diplomatic immunity US English

The privilege of exemption from certain laws and taxes granted to diplomats by the country in which they are working

public interest immunity US English

(In the UK and some Commonwealth countries) a principle by which the government can request that sensitive documents are not used as evidence in a trial, on the grounds that to do so would be against the public or national interest

public interest immunity certificate US English

(In the United Kingdom) a document authorized by a government minister or senior civil servant which prevents specified information from being used in a trial.