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j US English

(In electrical engineering and electronics) the imaginary quantity equal to the square root of minus one

J1 US English

The tenth letter of the alphabet

J2 US English

Jack (used in describing play in card games)

J New Oxford Dictionary for Writers & Editors

10th letter of the alphabet

j1 New Oxford Dictionary for Writers & Editors

used instead of i as the Roman numeral for ‘one’ in final position (iij)

j2 New Oxford Dictionary for Writers & Editors

square root of minus one

j in J1 US English

The tenth letter of the alphabet

J in J1 US English

A shape like that of a capital J

joule US English

The SI unit of work or energy, equal to the work done by a force of one newton when its point of application moves one meter in the direction of action of the force, equivalent to one 3600th of a watt-hour

J in joule US English

The SI unit of work or energy, equal to the work done by a force of one newton when its point of application moves one meter in the direction of action of the force, equivalent to one 3600th of a watt-hour

Erving, Julius US English

(1950-), US basketball player; full name Julius Winfield Erving; known as Dr. J. He played most of his career with the Philadelphia 76ers 1977–87. Basketball Hall of Fame (1993)

J-pop US English

Japanese pop music

J-cloth US English

A type of cloth used for household cleaning

j'adoube US English

A declaration by a player intending to adjust the placing of a chessman without making a move with it

J'Ouvert US English

(In the Caribbean) the official start of carnival, at dawn on the Monday preceding Lent

V-J Day US English

The day (August 15) in 1945 on which Japan ceased fighting in World War II, or the day (September 2) when Japan formally surrendered

j'adoube New Oxford Dictionary for Writers & Editors

declaration by a player intending to adjust the placing of a chessman

Firth, J. R. US English

(1890–1960), English linguist; full name John Rupert Firth. Firth was noted for his contributions to linguistic semantics and prosodic phonology

Foyt, A. J. US English

(1935-), US race car driver; full name Anthony Joseph Foyt, Jr. He won the Indianapolis 500 four times 1961, 1964, 1967, 1977

Synge, J. M. US English

(1871–1909), Irish playwright; full name Edmund John Millington Synge. His The Playboy of the Western World (1907) caused riots at the Abbey Theatre, Dublin, because of its explicit language and its implication that Irish peasants would condone a brutal murder

Austin, J. L. US English

(1911–60), English philosopher; full name John Langshaw Austin. Notable works: Sense and Sensibilia and How to Do Things with Words (both 1962)

Ballard, J. G. US English

(1930–2009), British novelist and short-story writer; full name James Graham Ballard. Notable works: The Drowned World (1962), Crash (1973), and Empire of the Sun (1984)

Coetzee, J. M. US English

(1940-), South African novelist; full name John Maxwell Coetzee. Notable works: In the Heart of the Country (1977), Life & Times of Michael K (1983), White Writing (1988), and Age of Iron (1990). Nobel Prize for Literature (2003)

Cronin, A. J. US English

(1896–1981), Scottish novelist; full name Archibald Joseph Cronin. His novels, including The Citadel (1937), often reflect his early experiences as a doctor

Farrell, J. G. US English

(1935–79), English novelist; full name James Gordon Farrell. Notable works: The Siege of Krishnapur (1973) and The Singapore Grip (1978)

Farrell, J. T. US English

(1904–79), US novelist; full name James Thomas Farrell. He is known for his trilogy about Studs Lonigan: Young Lonigan (1932), The Young Manhood of Studs Lonigan (1934), and Judgment Day (1935)

Getty, J. Paul US English

(1892–1976), US industrialist; full name Jean Paul Getty. He made a fortune in the oil industry and was also a noted art collector. He founded the J. Paul Getty Museum in Los Angeles, California

Morgan, J. P. US English

(1837–1913), US financier, philanthropist, and art collector; full name John Pierpont Morgan. He created General Electric in 1891 and the US Steel Corporation in 1901. He bequeathed his large art collection to the Museum of Modern Art in New York City

Rowling, J. K. US English

(1965-), British writer; full name Joanne Kathleen Rowling. Her series of children’s books featuring the character Harry Potter began with Harry Potter and the Sorcerer’s Stone (1998)

Simpson, O. J. US English

(1947-), US football player and actor; full name Orenthal James Simpson. Following a successful career as a running back for the Buffalo Bills 1969–77 and the San Francisco 49ers 1978–79, he became a television sports commentator. He was arrested in 1994, accused of murdering his ex-wife Nicole Brown Simpson (1959–94) and Ronald Goldman (1968–94). He was acquitted after a lengthy, high-profile trial, but in a 1997 civil court, he was found liable for both wrongful deaths. In 2008 he was sentenced to at least 9 years in prison on separate charges of assault and kidnapping

Ayer, Sir A. J. US English

(1910–89), English philosopher; full name Alfred Jules Ayer. He was an important proponent of logical positivism. Notable works: Language, Truth, and Logic (1936) and The Problem of Knowledge (1956)

Hoover, J. Edgar US English

(1895–1972), US government official; director of the FBI 1924–72; full name John Edgar Hoover. He reorganized the FBI into an efficient, scientific law-enforcement agency, but came under criticism for the organization’s role during the McCarthy era and for its reactionary political stance in the 1960s

Marquand, J. P. US English

(1893–1960), US writer; full name John Phillips Marquand. He created the character Mr. Moto, a Japanese detective featured in several of his novels, such as Last Laugh, Mr. Moto (1942). His other works include The Late George Apley (1937), Point of No Return (1949), and Women and Thomas Harrow (1958)

Mitchell, R. J. US English

(1895–1937), English aeronautical engineer; full name Reginald Joseph Mitchell. He designed the Spitfire fighter aircraft

Perelman, S. J. US English

(1904–79), US humorist and writer; full name Sidney Joseph Perelman. In the early 1930s he worked in Hollywood as a scriptwriter and from 1934 his name is linked with The New Yorker magazine, for which he wrote most of his short stories and sketches

Pershing, John J. US English

(1860–1948), US army officer; full name John Joseph Pershing; known as Black Jack. His early military years included active duty in Cuba 1889, the Philippines 1899–1903, and Mexico 1916–17 before he became commander in chief of the American Expeditionary Force 1917–19 in World War I. His Meuse-Argonne offensive 1918 led to the final collapse of the German Army. He served as US Army chief of staff 1921–24

Priestley, J. B. US English

(1894–1984), English novelist, playwright, and critic; full name John Boynton Priestley. Notable works: The Good Companions (novel, 1929), Time and the Conways (play, 1937), and An Inspector Calls (play, 1947)

Rank, J. Arthur US English

1st Baron (1888–1972), English industrialist and movie executive; full name Joseph Arthur Rank. In 1941, he founded the Rank Organization, a movie production and distribution company that acquired control of the leading British studios and movie theater chains in the 1940s and 1950s

Salinger, J. D. US English

(1919–2010), US novelist and short-story writer; full name Jerome David Salinger. He is best known for his novel of adolescence The Catcher in the Rye (1951). Other notable works: Franny and Zooey (1961) and Raise High the Roof Beam, Carpenter (1963)

Turner, J. M. W. US English

(1775–1851), English painter; full name Joseph Mallord William Turner. He painted landscapes and stormy seascapes and became increasingly concerned with depicting the power of light with primary colors, often arranged in a swirling vortex. Notable works: Rain, Steam, Speed (1844) and The Fighting Téméraire (1838)

J's in J1 US English

The tenth letter of the alphabet

Barrie, Sir J. M. US English

(1860–1937), Scottish dramatist and novelist; full name Sir James Matthew Barrie. He wrote Peter Pan (1904), a fantasy for children about a boy who would not grow up. Other notable plays include The Admirable Crichton (1902)

Haldane, J. B. S. US English

(1892–1964), Scottish mathematical biologist; full name John Burdon Sanderson Haldane. As well as contributing to the development of population genetics, Haldane became well known as a popularizer of science and as an outspoken Marxist

Marriott, J. Willard US English

(1900–1985), US businessman; full name John Willard Marriott. He founded the Marriott hotel chain, which began in 1927 with a Hot Shoppe in Washington, DC

Tolkien, J. R. R. US English

(1892–1973), British novelist and literary scholar, born in South Africa; full name John Ronald Reuel Tolkien. He is known for The Hobbit (1937) and The Lord of the Rings (1954–55), fantasy adventures set in Middle Earth

Williams, J. P. R. US English

(B.1949), Welsh rugby union player; full name John Peter Rhys Williams. One of the leading full backs of the 1970s, Williams played for his country and for the British Lions

Oppenheimer, J. Robert US English

(1904–67), US theoretical physicist; full name Julius Robert Oppenheimer. He was director of the laboratory at Los Alamos, New Mexico, during the development of the first atom bomb, but opposed the development of the hydrogen bomb after World War II

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