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revolution US English

A forcible overthrow of a government or social order in favor of a new system

revolution US Thesaurus

the French aristocracy was ill-prepared to quell a revolution

the Revolution in revolution US English

(In Marxism) the class struggle that is expected to lead to political change and the triumph of communism

Revolution, the New Oxford Dictionary for Writers & Editors

capital in reference to a particular revolution depending on context: especially American 1775–83, Chinese 1911–12, English 1688–9, French 1789–95, Russian 1917

French Revolution US English

The overthrow of the Bourbon monarchy in France (1789–99)

green revolution US English

A large increase in crop production in developing countries achieved by the use of fertilizers, pesticides, and high-yield crop varieties

Russian Revolution US English

The revolution in the Russian empire in 1917, in which the tsarist regime was overthrown and replaced by Bolshevik rule under Lenin

sexual revolution US English

The liberalization of established social and moral attitudes toward sex, particularly that occurring in western countries during the 1960s, as the women’s liberation movement and developments in contraception instigated greater experimentation with sex, especially outside of marriage

velvet revolution US English

A nonviolent political revolution, especially the relatively smooth change from communism to a Western-style democracy in Czechoslovakia at the end of 1989

Agrarian Revolution US English

The transformation of British agriculture during the 18th century, characterized by the enclosure of common land and the introduction of technological innovations such as the seed drill and the rotation of crops

American Revolution US English

The war of 1775–83 in which the American colonists won independence from British rule

Cultural Revolution US English

A political upheaval in China 1966–76 intended to bring about a return to revolutionary Maoist beliefs. Largely carried forward by the Red Guard, it resulted in attacks on intellectuals, a large-scale purge in party posts, and the appearance of a personality cult around Mao Zedong. It led to considerable economic dislocation and was gradually brought to a halt by premier Zhou Enlai

Glorious Revolution US English

The events (1688-9) that led to the replacement, in 1689, of James II by his daughter Mary II and her husband William of Orange (who became William III) as joint monarchs. The bloodless ‘revolution’ greatly enhanced the constitutional powers of Parliament, with William and Mary’s acceptance of the conditions laid down in the Bill of Rights

Industrial Revolution US English

The rapid development of industry that occurred in Britain in the late 18th and 19th centuries, brought about by the introduction of machinery. It was characterized by the use of steam power, the growth of factories, and the mass production of manufactured goods

information revolution US English

The proliferation of the availability of information and the accompanying changes in its storage and dissemination owing to the use of computers

permanent revolution US English

The state or condition, envisaged by Leon Trotsky, of a country’s continuing revolutionary progress being dependent on a continuing process of revolution in other countries

American Revolution New Oxford Dictionary for Writers & Editors

North American term for War of American Independence

Cultural Revolution New Oxford Dictionary for Writers & Editors

political upheaval in China 1966–8

Glorious Revolution, the New Oxford Dictionary for Writers & Editors

replacement of James II by Mary II and her husband William of Orange in 1689

Russian Revolution of 1905 US English

The uprising in Russia in 1905

Daughters of the American Revolution US English

A patriotic society whose aims include encouraging education and the study of US history and that tends to be politically conservative. Membership is limited to female descendants of those who aided the cause of independence

counterrevolution US English

A revolution opposing a former one or reversing its results

palace coup US English

The nonviolent overthrow of a sovereign or government by senior officials within the ruling group

palace revolution in palace coup US English

The nonviolent overthrow of a sovereign or government by senior officials within the ruling group

October Revolution in Russian Revolution US English

The revolution in the Russian empire in 1917, in which the tsarist regime was overthrown and replaced by Bolshevik rule under Lenin

paraboloid US English

A solid generated by the rotation of a parabola around its axis of symmetry

paraboloid of revolution in paraboloid US English

A solid generated by the rotation of a parabola around its axis of symmetry

February Revolution in Russian Revolution US English

The revolution in the Russian empire in 1917, in which the tsarist regime was overthrown and replaced by Bolshevik rule under Lenin