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surgery US English

The treatment of injuries or disorders of the body by incision or manipulation, especially with instruments

day surgery US English

Minor surgery that does not require the patient to stay in hospital overnight

brain surgery US English

Surgery performed on the brain or other parts of the nervous system

keyhole surgery US English

Minimally invasive surgery carried out through a very small incision, with special instruments and techniques including fiber optics

plastic surgery US English

The process of reconstructing or repairing parts of the body, especially by the transfer of tissue, either in the treatment of injury or for cosmetic reasons

bariatric surgery US English

Surgical procedures performed on the stomach or intestines to induce weight loss

open-heart surgery US English

Surgery in which the heart is exposed and the blood made to bypass it

spare-part surgery US English

The treatment of organ failure by surgical transplantation or the insertion of artificial replacements

Tommy John surgery US English

A surgical procedure in which a healthy tendon extracted from an arm (or sometimes a leg) is used to replace an arm’s torn ligament. The healthy tendon is threaded through holes drilled into the bone above and below the elbow

microsurgery US English

Intricate surgery performed using miniaturized instruments and a microscope

psychosurgery US English

Brain surgery, such as lobotomy, used to treat mental disorder