Dictionary search results

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AL British & World English

Alabama (in official postal use)

Al British & World English

The chemical element aluminium

al- British & World English

Variant spelling of ad- assimilated before -l (as in alleviate, allocate).

-al British & World English

(Forming adjectives) relating to; of the kind of:

aluminium British & World English

The chemical element of atomic number 13, a light silvery-grey metal

Al in aluminium British & World English

The chemical element of atomic number 13, a light silvery-grey metal

Al in Unser British & World English

Al (1939-), Bobby’s brother; full name Alfred Unser. Indy 500 champion 1970, 1971, 1978, 1987

et al. British & World English

And others (used especially in referring to academic books or articles that have more than one author)

Al-Anon British & World English

A mutual support organization for the families and friends of alcoholics, especially those of members of Alcoholics Anonymous

al-Qods British & World English

The Arabic name for Jerusalem

Capp, Al British & World English

(1909–79), American cartoonist; full name Alfred Gerald Caplin. He is best known for his comic strip ‘Li’l Abner’, which appeared in the New York Mirror from 1934 to 1977

Gore, Al British & World English

(1948-), US vice president 1993–2001; full name Albert Arnold Gore, Jr. A Tennessee Democrat, he served in the US House of Representatives 1977–85 and US Senate 1985–93. He lost the 2000 presidential bid to George W. Bush in one of the closest and most controversial elections in US history. His book An Inconvenient Truth: The Planetary Emergency of Global Warming and What We Can Do About It (2006) was highly influential. Nobel Peace Prize (2007, shared with the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change)

Hirt, Al British & World English

(1922–99) US trumpeter; full name Alois Maxwell Hirt. At first noted for his Dixieland jazz, he later, during the 1960s, turned to playing more nonjazz music, such as in his Grammy-winning song “Java” (1964). From the 1970s he was based in New Orleans, his hometown, and performed in his own nightclub when not on tour. Albums of his music put together after his death include Music to Watch Girls By (2000) and Cocktail Hour (2000)

al dente British & World English

(Of food, typically pasta) cooked so as to be still firm when bitten

al desko British & World English

While working at one’s desk in an office (with reference to the consumption of food or meals)

al-Jizah British & World English

Arabic name for Giza.

al-Nakba British & World English

The Palestinian term for the events of 1948, when many Palestinians were displaced by the creation of the new state of Israel

al-Qaeda British & World English

A militant Islamic fundamentalist group

al-Qahira British & World English

Arabic name for Cairo.

al-Uqsur British & World English

Variant spelling of el-Uqsur.

Capone, Al British & World English

(1899–1947), American gangster, of Italian descent; full name Alphonse Capone. He dominated organized crime in Chicago in the 1920s and was indirectly responsible for many murders, including the St Valentine’s Day Massacre

Jolson, Al British & World English

(1886–1950), Russian-born American singer, film actor, and comedian; born Asa Yoelson. He made the Gershwin song ‘Swanee’ his trademark, and appeared in the first full-length talking film, The Jazz Singer (1927)

Oerter, Al British & World English

(1936–2007), US track and field athlete; full name Alfred Adolf Oerter, Jr. He established an Olympic record for consecutive gold medals, winning the discus throw in the four Olympic games from 1956 to 1968

Pacino, Al British & World English

(B.1940), American film actor; full name Alfredo James Pacino. He achieved recognition with The Godfather (1972) and went on to receive eight Oscar nominations, winning one for Scent of a Woman (1992)

al-Hudayda British & World English

Arabic name for Hodeida.

al-Madinah British & World English

Arabic name for Medina.

Ras al-Khaimah British & World English

One of the seven member states of the United Arab Emirates; population 171,900 (est. 2009). It joined the United Arab Emirates in 1972, after the British withdrawal from the Persian Gulf

Rub' al-Khali British & World English

A vast desert in the Arabian peninsula, extending from central Saudi Arabia southwards to Yemen and eastwards to the United Arab Emirates and Oman. It is also known as the Great Sandy Desert and the Empty Quarter

Shatt al-Arab British & World English

A river of SW Asia, formed by the confluence of the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers and flowing 195 km (120 miles) through SE Iraq to the Persian Gulf. Its lower course forms the border between Iraq and Iran

Umm al-Qaiwain British & World English

One of the seven member states of the United Arab Emirates; population 69,900 (est. 2009)

Assad, Hafiz al- British & World English

(1930–2000), Syrian Baath statesman, President 1971–2000. He strengthened Syria’s oil-based economy and suppressed political opposition such as the uprising of Muslim extremists (1979–82)

Sadat, Anwar al- British & World English

(1918–81), Egyptian statesman, President 1970–81; full name Muhammad Anwar al-Sadat. Sadat worked to achieve peace in the Middle East, visiting Israel (1977) and attending talks with Menachim Begin at Camp David in 1978, the year they shared the Nobel Peace Prize. He was assassinated by members of the Islamic Jihad

Tarabulus al-Gharb British & World English

Arabic name for Tripoli111.

Gaddafi, Mu'ammer Muhammad al- British & World English

(1942–2011), Libyan colonel, head of state 1970–2011. After leading the coup which overthrew King Idris in 1969, he established the Libyan Arab Republic. Gaddafi pursued an anti-colonial policy and was accused of supporting international terrorism. He was overthrown in 2011, following an uprising assisted by a NATO-led military intervention, and killed by rebel forces

al-Qaida in al-Qaeda British & World English

A militant Islamic fundamentalist group

el-Uqsur British & World English

Arabic name for Luxor.

Fatah British & World English

A Palestinian political and military organization founded in 1958 by Yasser Arafat and others to bring about the establishment of a Palestinian state. It dominated the Palestine Liberation Organization from the 1960s, but more recently has been challenged by more extreme groups, and in 2006 was defeated by Hamas in the elections for the Palestinian National Authority

al-Fatah in Fatah British & World English

A Palestinian political and military organization founded in 1958 by Yasser Arafat and others to bring about the establishment of a Palestinian state. It dominated the Palestine Liberation Organization from the 1960s, but more recently has been challenged by more extreme groups, and in 2006 was defeated by Hamas in the elections for the Palestinian National Authority

Giza British & World English

A city south-west of Cairo in northern Egypt, on the west bank of the Nile, site of the Pyramids and the Sphinx; population 2,891,300 (est. 2006)

Luxor British & World English

A city in eastern Egypt, on the east bank of the Nile; population 202,200 (est. 2006). It is the site of the southern part of ancient Thebes and contains the ruins of the temple built by Amenhotep III and of monuments erected by Ramses II

Cairo British & World English

The capital of Egypt, a port on the Nile near the head of its delta; population 6,758,600 (est. 2006)

Al, Jr. in Unser British & World English

Al, Jr. (1962-), Al’s son; full name Alfred Unser, Jr. Indy 500 champion 1992, 1994

Fujairah British & World English

One of the seven member states of the United Arab Emirates; population 107,900 (est. 2009)

al-Fujayrah in Fujairah British & World English

One of the seven member states of the United Arab Emirates; population 107,900 (est. 2009)

Hodeida British & World English

The chief port of Yemen, on the Red Sea; population 410,000 (est. 2004)

Medina British & World English

A city in western Saudi Arabia, around an oasis some 320 km (200 miles) north of Mecca; population 1,010,000 (est. 2007)

al-Abbas in Abbasid British & World English

Relating to a dynasty of caliphs who ruled in Baghdad from 750 to 1258


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