Dictionary search results

Showing 1-50 of 78 results

Alfred British & World English

(849–99), king of Wessex 871–99; known as Alfred the Great. Alfred’s military resistance saved SW England from Viking occupation. A great reformer, he is credited with the foundation of the English navy and with a revival of learning

Alfred in Ritz Brothers British & World English

A US song-and-dance comedy trio. The act, developed in 1925, consisted of the Joachim brothers Alfred (1901–65), Jimmy (1904–85), and Harry (1907–86). They appeared in such movies as Sing, Baby, Sing (1936), On the Avenue (1937), and Kentucky Moonshine (1938). After 1965, Jimmy and Harry performed as a duo until 1978

Adler, Alfred British & World English

(1870–1937), Austrian psychologist and psychiatrist. Adler disagreed with Freud’s idea that mental illness was caused by sexual conflicts in infancy, arguing that society and culture were significant factors. He introduced the concept of the inferiority complex

Binet, Alfred British & World English

(1857–1911), French psychologist. He devised a mental age scale which described performance in relation to the average performance of students of the same physical age, and with the psychiatrist Théodore Simon (1873–1961) pioneered a system of intelligence tests

Deakin, Alfred British & World English

(1856–1919), Australian Liberal statesman, Prime Minister 1903-4, 1905-8, and 1909–10

Jarry, Alfred British & World English

(1873–1907), French dramatist. His satirical farce Ubu Roi (1896) anticipated surrealism and the Theatre of the Absurd

Krupp, Alfred British & World English

(1812–87), German arms manufacturer. His company played a pre-eminent part in German arms production from the 1840s through to the end of the Second World War

Molina, Alfred British & World English

(1953-), British actor. Notable films include Enchanted April (1992), Chocolat (2000), and Frida (2002). He received a Tony nomination for his performance in Broadway’s Fiddler on the Roof (2004)

Moore, Alfred British & World English

(1755–1810), US Supreme Court associate justice 1799–1804. A native of North Carolina, he was appointed to the Court by President John Adams

Sisley, Alfred British & World English

(1839–99), French impressionist painter, of English descent. He is chiefly remembered for his paintings of the countryside around Paris in the 1870s, with their concentration on reflecting surfaces and fluid brushwork

Werner, Alfred British & World English

(1866–1919), French-born Swiss chemist. He showed that stereochemistry was general to the whole of chemistry and was a pioneer in the study of coordination compounds. Nobel Prize for Chemistry (1913)

Dreyfus, Alfred British & World English

(1859–1935), French army officer, of Jewish descent. In 1894 he was falsely accused of providing military secrets to the Germans; his trial and imprisonment caused a major political crisis in France. He was eventually rehabilitated in 1906

Tennyson, Alfred British & World English

1st Baron Tennyson of Aldworth and Freshwater (1809–92), English poet, Poet Laureate from 1850. His reputation was established by In Memoriam (1850), a long poem concerned with immortality, change, and evolution. Other notable works: ‘The Charge of the Light Brigade’ (1854) and Idylls of the King (1859)

Eisenstaedt, Alfred British & World English

(1898–1995), US photojournalist; born in Dirschau, Germany (now part of Poland). He was one of the original photographers for Life magazine 1936–72

Harmsworth, Alfred British & World English

See Northcliffe, 1st Viscount.

Stieglitz, Alfred British & World English

(1864–1946), American photographer, husband of Georgia O’Keefe. He was important for his pioneering work to establish photography as a fine art in the US

Waterhouse, Alfred British & World English

(1830–1905), English architect. His designs include the Manchester Assize courts (1859) and Town Hall (1869–77), and the Natural History Museum in London (1873–81)

Knopf, Alfred A. British & World English

(1892–1984) US publisher; full name Alfred Abraham Knopf. He founded Alfred A. Knopf, a publishing firm, in 1915

Hitchcock, Sir Alfred British & World English

(1899–1980), English film director; full name Sir Alfred Joseph Hitchcock. Acclaimed in Britain for films such as The Thirty-Nine Steps (1935), he moved to Hollywood in 1939. Among his later works, notable for their suspense and their technical ingenuity, are the thrillers Strangers on a Train (1951), Psycho (1960), and The Birds (1963)

Smith, Alfred Emanuel British & World English

(1873–1944), US politician. He served as governor of New York 1919–20 and 1923–28 and was a Democratic presidential candidate in 1928, losing to Republican Herbert Hoover

Vigny, Alfred Victor British & World English

Comte de (1797–1863), French poet, novelist, and dramatist. His poetry reveals his faith in ‘man’s unconquerable mind’. Other works include the play Chatterton (1835)

King Alfred's cakes British & World English

Another term for cramp balls.

Kinsey, Alfred Charles British & World English

(1894–1956), American zoologist and sex researcher. He carried out pioneering studies into sexual behaviour by interviewing large numbers of people. His best-known work, Sexual Behaviour in the Human Male (1948, also known as the Kinsey Report), was controversial but highly influential

Nobel, Alfred Bernhard British & World English

(1833–96), Swedish chemist and engineer. He invented dynamite (1866), gelignite, and other high explosives, making a large fortune which enabled him to endow the prizes that bear his name

Wallace, Alfred Russel British & World English

(1823–1913), English naturalist and a founder of zoogeography. He independently formulated a theory of the origin of species very similar to that of Charles Darwin

Wegener, Alfred Lothar British & World English

(1880–1930), German meteorologist and geologist. He was the first serious proponent of the theory of continental drift

Whitehead, Alfred North British & World English

(1861–1947), English philosopher and mathematician. He is remembered chiefly for Principia Mathematica (1910–13), on which he collaborated with his pupil Bertrand Russell

Van Allen, James Alfred British & World English

(1914–2006), American physicist. He used balloons and rockets to study cosmic radiation in the upper atmosphere, showing that specific zones of high radiation were the result of charged particles from the solar wind being trapped in two belts around the earth

Unser British & World English

Al (1939-), Bobby’s brother; full name Alfred Unser. Indy 500 champion 1970, 1971, 1978, 1987

Northcliffe, 1st Viscount British & World English

(1865–1922), British newspaper proprietor; born Alfred Charles William Harmsworth. He built up a large newspaper empire, including The Times, the Daily Mail, and the Daily Mirror

Alfred Unser in Unser British & World English

Al (1939-), Bobby’s brother; full name Alfred Unser. Indy 500 champion 1970, 1971, 1978, 1987

Kilmer, Joyce British & World English

(1888–1918) US poet; full name Alfred Joyce Kilmer. He was killed in action during World War I. His poetry is collected in Summer of Love (1911) and Trees and Other Poems (1914)

Alfred Hawthorne in Hill, Benny British & World English

(1925–92), English comedian; born Alfred Hawthorne. His risqué humour, as seen in the series The Benny Hill Show, had an international appeal

Landon, Alf British & World English

(1887–1987), US politician; full name Alfred Mossman Landon. The governor of Kansas 1933–37, he was the unsuccessful Republican presidential candidate in 1936, losing to Franklin D. Roosevelt

Alfred the Great in Alfred British & World English

(849–99), king of Wessex 871–99; known as Alfred the Great. Alfred’s military resistance saved SW England from Viking occupation. A great reformer, he is credited with the foundation of the English navy and with a revival of learning

Alfred Jules Ayer in Ayer, Sir A. J. British & World English

(1910–89), English philosopher; full name Alfred Jules Ayer. Involved with the Vienna Circle in the 1930s, he was an important proponent of logical positivism. Notable work: Language, Truth, and Logic (1936)

Alfred Unser, Jr in Unser British & World English

Al, Jr. (1962-), Al’s son; full name Alfred Unser, Jr. Indy 500 champion 1992, 1994

Oerter, Al British & World English

(1936–2007), US track and field athlete; full name Alfred Adolf Oerter, Jr. He established an Olympic record for consecutive gold medals, winning the discus throw in the four Olympic games from 1956 to 1968

Alfred Gerald Caplin in Capp, Al British & World English

(1909–79), American cartoonist; full name Alfred Gerald Caplin. He is best known for his comic strip ‘Li’l Abner’, which appeared in the New York Mirror from 1934 to 1977

Alfred Alistair Cooke in Cooke, Alistair British & World English

(1908–2004), British journalist and broadcaster; in the US from 1937; full name Alfred Alistair Cooke. His BBC broadcasts of “Letter from America” began in 1946 and continued until shortly before his death. He hosted Omnibus on CBS 1952–60 and Masterpiece Theatre on PBS 1971–92

James Alfred Wight in Herriot, James British & World English

(1916–1995), English short-story writer and veterinary surgeon; pseudonym of James Alfred Wight. His experiences as a vet in North Yorkshire inspired a series of stories including All Creatures Great and Small (1972)

Alfred Edward Housman in Housman, A. E. British & World English

(1859–1936), English poet and classical scholar; full name Alfred Edward Housman. He is now chiefly remembered for the poems collected in A Shropshire Lad (1896), a series of nostalgic verses largely based on ballad forms

Alfred Joyce Kilmer in Kilmer, Joyce British & World English

(1888–1918) US poet; full name Alfred Joyce Kilmer. He was killed in action during World War I. His poetry is collected in Summer of Love (1911) and Trees and Other Poems (1914)

Alfred Abraham Knopf in Knopf, Alfred A. British & World English

(1892–1984) US publisher; full name Alfred Abraham Knopf. He founded Alfred A. Knopf, a publishing firm, in 1915

Alfred Mossman Landon in Landon, Alf British & World English

(1887–1987), US politician; full name Alfred Mossman Landon. The governor of Kansas 1933–37, he was the unsuccessful Republican presidential candidate in 1936, losing to Franklin D. Roosevelt

Alfred Ernest Ramsey in Ramsey, Sir Alf British & World English

(1920–99), English footballer and manager; full name Alfred Ernest Ramsey. He played as a defender for Southampton, Tottenham Hotspur, and England, and managed England from 1963 to 1974, winning the World Cup in 1966

Alfred Damon Runyon in Runyon, Damon British & World English

(1884–1946), American author and journalist; full name Alfred Damon Runyon. His short stories about New York’s underworld characters are written in a highly individual style with much use of colourful slang

James Alfred Wight in Herriot New Oxford Dictionary for Writers & Editors

, James (1916–95), English writer and veterinary surgeon; pseudonym of James Alfred Wight


Page: 1 2

You searched for Alfred