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Edward British & World English

The name of six kings of England and also one of Great Britain and Ireland and one of the United Kingdom:

Edward, Lake British & World English

A lake on the border between Uganda and the Democratic Republic of Congo (Zaire), linked to Lake Albert by the Semliki River

Edward, Prince British & World English

Edward Antony Richard Louis, Earl of Wessex (b.1964), third son of Elizabeth II. He married Sophie Rhys-Jones (b.1965) in 1999

Bond, Edward British & World English

(B.1934), English dramatist. Many of his plays are marked by scenes of violence and cruelty. Notable works: Saved (1965) and Lear (1971)

Hyde, Edward British & World English

See Clarendon, Earl of.

King Edward British & World English

An oval potato of a variety with a white skin mottled with red

Lear, Edward British & World English

(1812–88), English humorist and illustrator. He wrote A Book of Nonsense (1845) and Laughable Lyrics (1877). He also published illustrations of birds and of his travels around the Mediterranean

Brooke, Edward British & World English

(1919–2015), US lawyer and politician; Edward William Brooke III. A Republican senator from Massachusetts 1967–79, he was the first African-American senator popularly elected to the US Senate. He was awarded the Spingarn Medal in 1967

Burra, Edward British & World English

(1905–76), English painter, noted for his low-life subjects, as in Harlem (1934), and the bizarre and fantastic, as in Dancing Skeletons (1934)

Gibbon, Edward British & World English

(1737–94), English historian. He is best known for his multi-volume work The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire (1776–88), chapters of which aroused controversy for their critical account of the spread of Christianity

Hopper, Edward British & World English

(1882–1967), American realist painter. He is best known for his mature works, such as Early Sunday Morning (1930), often depicting isolated figures in bleak scenes from everyday urban life

Jenner, Edward British & World English

(1749–1823), English physician, the pioneer of vaccination. Jenner deliberately infected people with small amounts of cowpox as he believed it would protect them from catching smallpox. The practice was eventually accepted throughout the world, leading to the widespread use of vaccination for other diseases and eventually to the eradication of smallpox in the late 20th century

Sapir, Edward British & World English

(1884–1939), German-born American linguistics scholar and anthropologist. One of the founders of American structural linguistics, he carried out important research on American Indian languages and linguistic theory

Teller, Edward British & World English

(1908–2003), Hungarian-born American physicist. After moving to the US he worked on the first atomic reactor and the first atom bombs. Work under his guidance led to the detonation of the first hydrogen bomb in 1952

Thomas, Edward British & World English

(1878–1917), English poet; full name Philip Edward Thomas. His work offers a sympathetic but unidealized depiction of rural English life, adapting colloquial speech rhythms to poetic metre

Braddock, Edward British & World English

(1695–1755) British soldier. Commander in chief of the British forces in America, he died in action in western Pennsylvania

Hoagland, Edward British & World English

(1932-), US writer; full name Edward Morley Hoagland. His novels include Seven Rivers West (1986). He also wrote short stories such as those collected in The Final Fate of the Alligators (1992) and travel books, which include African Calliope (1979)

Steichen, Edward British & World English

(1879–1973) US photographer; born in Luxembourg; born Eduard Jean Steichen. He is credited with transforming photography into an art form. He worked with Stieglitz in the early 1900s and then was chief photographer for Vogue and Vanity Fair 1923–38 and, from 1947 to 1962, the director of photography for New York City’s Museum of Modern Art

Whymper, Edward British & World English

(1840–1911), English mountaineer. After seven attempts he finally succeeded in climbing the Matterhorn in 1865, but on the way down four of his fellow climbers fell to their deaths

Ardizzone, Edward British & World English

(1900–79), British artist, best known as an illustrator and writer of children’s books; full name Edward Jeffrey Irving Ardizzone. He was appointed an official war artist in the Second World War

Fitzgerald, Edward British & World English

(1809–83), English scholar and poet. Notable works: The Rubáiyát of Omar Khayyám (translation, 1859)

Edward the Elder British & World English

(Circa 870–924), son of Alfred the Great, king of Wessex 899–924. His military successes against the Danes made it possible for his son Athelstan to become the first king of all England in 925

Elgar, Sir Edward British & World English

(1857–1934), English composer; full name Sir Edward William Elgar. He is known particularly for the Enigma Variations (1899), the oratorio The Dream of Gerontius (1900), and for patriotic pieces such as the five Pomp and Circumstance marches (1901–30)

Eyre, Edward John British & World English

(1815–1901), British-born Australian explorer and colonial statesman. He undertook explorations in the interior deserts of Australia (1840-1) and later served as Lieutenant Governor of New Zealand and Governor of Jamaica

Heath, Sir Edward British & World English

(1916–2005), British Conservative statesman, Prime Minister 1970-4; full name Sir Edward Richard George Heath. He negotiated Britain’s entry into the European Economic Community and faced problems caused by a marked increase in oil prices. Attempts to restrain wage rises led to widespread strikes and he lost a general election after a second national coal strike

Murrow, Edward R. British & World English

(1908–65), US journalist; born Egbert Roscoe Murrow. He broadcast from London during the Blitz of World War II, ending each program with “Good night, and good luck.” He later created the radio series Hear It Now (1950–51) and the television series See It Now (1951–58). He was also well known for his television interview series Person to Person (1953–59)

Said, Edward W. British & World English

(1935–2003), American critic, born in Palestine; full name Edward Wadi Said. He came to public notice with Orientalism (1978), a study of Western attitudes towards Eastern culture. Other notable works: Culture and Imperialism (1993)

Salk, Jonas Edward British & World English

(1914–95), American microbiologist. He developed the standard Salk vaccine against polio, using virus inactivated by formalin, in the early 1950s, and later became the director of the institute in San Diego that now bears his name

Filene, Edward Albert British & World English

(1860–1937), US merchant. As the president of Wm. Filene & Sons, he brought about many innovations, including the bargain basement and charge accounts. In 1921, he helped to establish the Credit Union National Extension Bureau

Hale, Edward Everett British & World English

(1822–1909), US clergyman, writer, and philanthropist. A Unitarian minister, he is best known for the story “The Man Without a Country” (1863)

Prince Edward Island British & World English

An island in the Gulf of St Lawrence, in eastern Canada, the country’s smallest province; population 135,851 (2006); capital, Charlottetown. Explored by Jacques Cartier in 1534 and colonized by the French, it was ceded to the British in 1763. It became a province of Canada in 1873

Robinson, Edward G. British & World English

(1893–1972), Romanian-born American actor; born Emanuel Goldenberg. He appeared in a number of gangster films in the 1930s, starting with Little Caesar (1930)

Sanford, Edward Terry British & World English

(1865–1930), US Supreme Court associate justice 1923–30. Appointed to the Court by President Harding, he was considered a liberal although he sometimes held more conservative views regarding civil rights

Stone, Edward Durell British & World English

(1902–78), US architect. His notable designs include the Museum of Modern Art in New York City 1937–39; the US embassy in New Delhi, India 1954–58; and the John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts in Washington, DC 1964–69

Albee, Edward Franklin British & World English

(B.1928), American dramatist. He was initially associated with the Theatre of the Absurd, but Who’s Afraid of Virginia Woolf? (1962) marked a more naturalistic departure

Boeing, William Edward British & World English

(1881–1956), US industrialist. In 1927 he founded United Aircraft and Transport, which in 1934 was divided into Boeing Aircraft, United Aircraft, and United Airlines

Burne-Jones, Sir Edward British & World English

(1833–98), English painter and designer; full name Sir Edward Coley Burne-Jones. His work, which included tapestry and stained-glass window designs, reflected his interest in medieval and literary themes and is typical of the later Pre-Raphaelite style

Edward the Martyr, St British & World English

(Circa 963–78), son of Edgar, king of England 975-8. Edward was faced by a challenge for the throne from supporters of his half-brother, Ethelred, who eventually had him murdered at Corfe Castle in Dorset. Feast day, 18 March

Kendall, Edward Calvin British & World English

(1886–1972), American biochemist. He isolated crystalline thyroxine from the thyroid gland, and from the adrenal cortex he obtained a number of steroid hormones, one of which was later named cortisone. Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine (1950)

Morley, Edward Williams British & World English

(1838–1923), American chemist. In 1887 he collaborated with Albert Michelson in an experiment to determine the speed of light, the result of which disproved the existence of the ether

Pusey, Edward Bouverie British & World English

(1800–82), English theologian. In 1833, while professor of Hebrew at Oxford, he founded the Oxford Movement, and became its leader after the withdrawal of John Henry Newman (1841). His many writings include a series of Tracts for the Times

Stuart, Charles Edward British & World English

(1720–88), son of James Stuart, pretender to the British throne; known as the Young Pretender or Bonnie Prince Charlie. He led the Jacobite uprising of 1745-6. However, he was driven back to Scotland and defeated at the Battle of Culloden (1746)

White, Edward Douglass British & World English

Jr. (1845–1921), US chief justice 1910–21. Before being appointed to the Court as an associate justice 1894–1910 by President Cleveland, he served as a US senator from Louisiana 1891–94. Appointed chief justice by President Taft, he was the first associate justice to go on to that higher post. He was noted for his work on antitrust legislation

Wilson, Edward Osborne British & World English

(B.1929), American social biologist. He has worked principally on social insects, extrapolating his findings to the social behaviour of other animals including humans

Edward the Confessor, St British & World English

(Circa 1003–66), son of Ethelred the Unready, king of England 1042–66. Famed for his piety, Edward founded Westminster Abbey, where he was eventually buried. Feast day, 13 October

Evans-Pritchard, Sir Edward British & World English

(1902–73), English anthropologist; full name Sir Edward Evan Evans-Pritchard. He is noted for his studies of the Azande and Nuer peoples of Sudan, with whom he lived in the 1920s and 1930s

Appleton, Sir Edward Victor British & World English

(1892–1965), English physicist. He discovered a region of ionized gases (the Appleton layer) in the atmosphere above the Heaviside or E layer, and won the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1947

Blackbeard British & World English

(Died 1718), English pirate; real name Edward Teach. Originally a privateer during the War of the Spanish Succession 1701–14, he turned to piracy and concentrated on the West Indies and the Virginia-North Carolina coast of America

Clarendon, Earl of British & World English

(1609–74), English statesman and historian, chief adviser to Charles II and Chancellor of Oxford University 1660-7; born Edward Hyde. Notable works: History of the Rebellion and Civil Wars in England (published posthumously 1702-4)

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