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European British & World English

Relating to or characteristic of Europe or its inhabitants

ASH British & World English

A tree with compound leaves, winged fruits, and hard pale timber, widely distributed throughout north temperate regions

fan palm British & World English

A palm with large lobed fan-shaped leaves

larch British & World English

A coniferous tree with bunches of deciduous bright green needles, found in cool regions of the northern hemisphere. It is grown for its tough timber and its resin (which yields turpentine)

starling British & World English

A gregarious Old World songbird with a straight bill, typically with dark lustrous or iridescent plumage but sometimes brightly coloured

European plan British & World English

A system of charging for a hotel room only, without meals

mid-European British & World English

another term for Middle European.

pro-European British & World English

Favouring or supporting closer links with the European Union

Indo-European British & World English

Relating to the family of languages spoken over the greater part of Europe and Asia as far as northern India

European Union British & World English

An economic and political association of certain European countries as a unit with internal free trade and common external tariffs

Middle European British & World English

Relating to central Europe or its people

European Community British & World English

An economic and political association of certain European countries, incorporated since 1993 in the European Union

European Council British & World English

A grouping of the heads of government of the European Union countries, inaugurated in 1975, which meets two or three times a year

European kitchen British & World English

A compact kitchen with fitted cabinets and appliances, usually white

European Commission British & World English

A group, appointed by agreement among the governments of the European Union, which initiates Union action and safeguards its treaties. It meets in Brussels

European Parliament British & World English

The Parliament of the European Union, originally established in 1952. From 1958 to 1979 it was composed of representatives drawn from the parliaments of member countries, but since 1979 direct elections have taken place every five years. Through the Single European Act (1987) it assumed a degree of sovereignty over national parliaments. It meets in Strasbourg, and its committee is in Brussels

Central European Time British & World English

The standard time based on the mean solar time at the meridian 15° E, used in central and western continental Europe. It is one hour ahead of GMT

European Space Agency British & World English

An organization set up in 1975 to coordinate the national space programmes of the collaborating countries. It is based in Paris

Single European Act British & World English

A treaty providing for the establishment of a single European market from 1 January 1993, and giving greater powers to the European Parliament. It came into force on 1 July 1987

Proto-Indo-European British & World English

The lost language from which all Indo-European languages derive

European Investment Bank British & World English

A bank set up in 1958 by the Treaty of Rome to finance capital investment projects promoting the balanced development of members of the European Community. It is based in Luxembourg

European Monetary System British & World English

A monetary system inaugurated by the European Community in 1979 to coordinate and stabilize the exchange rates of the currencies of member countries, as a prelude to monetary union. It is based on the use of the Exchange Rate Mechanism

European Monetary Union British & World English

A European Union programme intended to work towards full economic unity in Europe based on the phased introduction of a common currency (the euro). The programme was announced in 1989; the second stage came into effect on 1 January 1994 under the terms of the Maastricht Treaty, and in 2002 the euro replaced the currencies of twelve European Union countries (see euro)

Western European Union British & World English

An association formed in 1955 from the former Western Union, with the addition of Italy and West Germany, chiefly in order to coordinate defence and promote economic cooperation

dead white European male British & World English

A writer, philosopher, or other significant figure whose importance and talents may have been exaggerated by virtue of his belonging to a historically dominant gender and ethnic group

European Court of Justice British & World English

An institution of the European Union, with thirteen judges appointed by its member governments, meeting in Luxembourg. Established in 1958, it exists to safeguard the law in the interpretation and application of Community treaties

European Economic Community British & World English

An institution of the European Union, an economic association of western European countries set up by the Treaty of Rome (1957). The original members were France, West Germany, Italy, Belgium, the Netherlands, and Luxembourg

European Recovery Program British & World English

official name for the Marshall Plan.

European Atomic Energy Community British & World English

An institution established in 1957 to aid the exploitation of nuclear discoveries in Europe

European Free Trade Association British & World English

A customs union of western European countries, established in 1960 as a trade grouping without the political implications of the European Economic Community. The original members were Austria, Denmark, Norway, Portugal, Sweden, Switzerland, and the UK

European Coal and Steel Community British & World English

An organization established in 1952 to regulate pricing, transport, and tariffs for the coal and steel industries of the member countries

European Court of Human Rights British & World English

An institution of the Council of Europe, set up to protect human rights in conjunction with the European Commission for Human Rights. The Court, based in Strasbourg, is called to give judgement in cases where the Commission has failed to secure a settlement

European Commission for Human Rights British & World English

An institution of the Council of Europe, set up under the European Convention on Human Rights to examine complaints of alleged breaches of the Convention. It is based in Strasbourg

European Convention on Human Rights British & World English

An international agreement set up by the Council of Europe in 1950 to protect human rights. Under the Convention were established the European Commission for Human Rights and the European Court of Human Rights

ash tree in ash2 British & World English

A tree with compound leaves, winged fruits, and hard pale timber, widely distributed throughout north temperate regions

hake British & World English

A large-headed elongated fish with long jaws and strong teeth. It is a valuable commercial food fish

mole1 British & World English

A small burrowing mammal with dark velvety fur, a long muzzle, and very small eyes, feeding mainly on worms, grubs, and other invertebrates

mink British & World English

A small semiaquatic stoat-like carnivore native to North America and Eurasia. The American mink is widely farmed for its fur, resulting in it becoming naturalized in many parts of Europe

Organization for European Economic Cooperation British & World English

An organization established in 1948 by sixteen western European countries to promote trade and stability. It was replaced by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development in 1961

alder British & World English

A widely distributed tree of the birch family which has toothed leaves and bears male catkins and woody female cones

beech tree in beech British & World English

A large tree with smooth grey bark, glossy leaves, and hard, pale fine-grained timber

otter British & World English

A semiaquatic fish-eating mammal of the weasel family, with an elongated body, dense fur, and webbed feet

serin British & World English

A small Eurasian and North African finch related to the canary, with a short bill and typically streaky plumage

robin British & World English

A small Old World thrush related to the chats, typically having a brown back with red on the breast or other colourful markings

European Bank for Reconstruction and Development British & World English

A bank established in London in 1991 to help the former communist countries of eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union make the transition to the free-market system

buckthorn British & World English

A shrub or small tree which typically bears thorns and black berries. Some kinds yield dyes and others have been used medicinally

barberry British & World English

A spiny shrub which typically has yellow flowers and red berries, frequently grown for ornamental hedging

nightjar British & World English

A nocturnal insectivorous bird with grey-brown camouflaged plumage, large eyes and gape, and a distinctive call

chameleon British & World English

A small slow-moving Old World lizard with a prehensile tail, long extensible tongue, protruding eyes that rotate independently, and a highly developed ability to change colour


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