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Ivan1 British & World English

The name of six rulers of Russia:

Ivan2 British & World English

A Russian man, especially a Russian soldier

Bunin, Ivan British & World English

(1870–1953), Russian poet and prose writer; full name Ivan Alekseevich Bunin. An opponent of modernism, he concentrated on the themes of peasant life and love. Nobel Prize for Literature (1933, the first Russian prizewinner)

Pavlov, Ivan British & World English

(1849–1936), Russian physiologist; full name Ivan Petrovich Pavlov. He was awarded a Nobel Prize in 1904 for his work on digestion, but is best known for his studies on the conditioned reflex. He showed by experiment with dogs how the secretion of saliva can be stimulated not only by food but also by the sound of a bell associated with the presentation of food

Illich, Ivan British & World English

(1926–2002), Austrian-born American educationist and writer. He advocated the deinstitutionalization of education, religion, and medicine. Notable works: Deschooling Society (1971) and Limits to Medicine (1975)

Lendl, Ivan British & World English

(B.1960), Czech-born American tennis player. He won many singles titles in the 1980s and early 1990s, including the US, Australian, and the French Open championships

Turgenev, Ivan British & World English

(1818–83), Russian novelist, dramatist, and short-story writer; full name Ivan Sergeevich Turgenev. His novels, such as Fathers and Sons (1862), examine individual lives to illuminate the social, political, and philosophical issues of his day

Goncharov, Ivan British & World English

(1812–91), Russian novelist; full name Ivan Aleksandrovich Goncharov. His novel Oblomov (1857) is regarded as one of the greatest works of Russian realism

Ivan I in Ivan1 British & World English

Ivan I (circa 1304–41), grand duke of Muscovy 1328–40. He strengthened and enlarged the duchy, making Moscow the ecclesiastical capital in 1326

Ivan V in Ivan1 British & World English

Ivan V (1666–96), nominal tsar of Russia 1682–96

Ivan II in Ivan1 British & World English

Ivan II (1326–59), grand duke of Muscovy 1353-9; known as Ivan the Red

Ivan III in Ivan1 British & World English

Ivan III (1440–1505), grand duke of Muscovy 1462–1505; known as Ivan the Great. He consolidated and enlarged his territory, defending it against a Tartar invasion in 1480 and adopting the title ‘Ruler of all Russia’ in 1472

Ivan IV in Ivan1 British & World English

Ivan IV (1530–84), grand duke of Muscovy 1533–47 and first tsar of Russia 1547–84; known as Ivan the Terrible. He captured Kazan, Astrakhan, and Siberia, but the Tartar siege of Moscow and the Polish victory in the Livonian War (1558–82) left Russia weak and divided. In 1581 he killed his eldest son Ivan in a fit of rage, the succession passing to his mentally disturbed second son Fyodor

Ivan VI in Ivan1 British & World English

Ivan VI (1740–64), infant tsar of Russia 1740-1

Ivan the Red in Ivan1 British & World English

Ivan II (1326–59), grand duke of Muscovy 1353-9; known as Ivan the Red

Ivan the Great in Ivan1 British & World English

Ivan III (1440–1505), grand duke of Muscovy 1462–1505; known as Ivan the Great. He consolidated and enlarged his territory, defending it against a Tartar invasion in 1480 and adopting the title ‘Ruler of all Russia’ in 1472

Ivan the Terrible in Ivan1 British & World English

Ivan IV (1530–84), grand duke of Muscovy 1533–47 and first tsar of Russia 1547–84; known as Ivan the Terrible. He captured Kazan, Astrakhan, and Siberia, but the Tartar siege of Moscow and the Polish victory in the Livonian War (1558–82) left Russia weak and divided. In 1581 he killed his eldest son Ivan in a fit of rage, the succession passing to his mentally disturbed second son Fyodor

George Ivan Morrison in Morrison, Van British & World English

(B.1945), Northern Irish singer, instrumentalist, and songwriter; full name George Ivan Morrison. He developed a distinctive personal style from a background of blues, soul, folk music, and rock. Notable albums: Astral Weeks (1968) and Moondance (1970)

Virgil Ivan Grissom in Grissom, Gus British & World English

(1926–67), US astronaut; full name Virgil Ivan Grissom. Part of the original Project Mercury astronaut team in 1959, he was killed in a flash fire in the Apollo I capsule along with fellow astronauts Edward H. White (1930–67) and Roger B. Chaffee (1935–67)

Ivan Petrovich Pavlov in Pavlov, Ivan British & World English

(1849–1936), Russian physiologist; full name Ivan Petrovich Pavlov. He was awarded a Nobel Prize in 1904 for his work on digestion, but is best known for his studies on the conditioned reflex. He showed by experiment with dogs how the secretion of saliva can be stimulated not only by food but also by the sound of a bell associated with the presentation of food

Ivan Alekseevich Bunin in Bunin, Ivan British & World English

(1870–1953), Russian poet and prose writer; full name Ivan Alekseevich Bunin. An opponent of modernism, he concentrated on the themes of peasant life and love. Nobel Prize for Literature (1933, the first Russian prizewinner)

Ivan Sergeevich Turgenev in Turgenev, Ivan British & World English

(1818–83), Russian novelist, dramatist, and short-story writer; full name Ivan Sergeevich Turgenev. His novels, such as Fathers and Sons (1862), examine individual lives to illuminate the social, political, and philosophical issues of his day

Ivan Aleksandrovich Goncharov in Goncharov, Ivan British & World English

(1812–91), Russian novelist; full name Ivan Aleksandrovich Goncharov. His novel Oblomov (1857) is regarded as one of the greatest works of Russian realism