Dictionary search results

Showing 1-50 of 683 results

J British & World English

The tenth letter of the alphabet

J1 British & World English

The tenth letter of the alphabet

J2 British & World English

Jack (used in describing play in card games)

j British & World English

(In electrical engineering and electronics) the imaginary quantity equal to the square root of minus one

j in J1 British & World English

The tenth letter of the alphabet

J in J1 British & World English

A shape like that of a capital J (without a crosspiece)

joule British & World English

The SI unit of work or energy, equal to the work done by a force of one newton when its point of application moves one metre in the direction of action of the force, equivalent to one 3600th of a watt-hour

J in joule British & World English

The SI unit of work or energy, equal to the work done by a force of one newton when its point of application moves one metre in the direction of action of the force, equivalent to one 3600th of a watt-hour

Erving, Julius British & World English

(1950-), US basketball player; full name Julius Winfield Erving; known as Dr. J. He played most of his career with the Philadelphia 76ers 1977–87. Basketball Hall of Fame (1993)

J-pop British & World English

Japanese pop music

J-cloth British & World English

A type of cloth used for household cleaning

J'Ouvert British & World English

(In the Caribbean) the official start of carnival, at dawn on the Monday preceding Lent

j'adoube British & World English

A declaration by a player intending to adjust the placing of a chessman without making a move with it

Foyt, A. J. British & World English

(1935-), US race car driver; full name Anthony Joseph Foyt, Jr. He won the Indianapolis 500 four times 1961, 1964, 1967, 1977

Firth, J. R. British & World English

(1890–1960), English linguist; full name John Rupert Firth. Firth was noted for his contributions to linguistic semantics and prosodic phonology and for his insistence on studying both speech sounds and words in context. He was a major influence on the development of systemic grammar

J's in J1 British & World English

The tenth letter of the alphabet

Synge, J. M. British & World English

(1871–1909), Irish dramatist; full name Edmund John Millington Synge. He is best known for The Playboy of the Western World (1907), which caused riots at the Abbey Theatre, Dublin, because of its explicit language and its implication that Irish peasants would condone a brutal murder

Austin, J. L. British & World English

(1911–60), English philosopher; full name John Langshaw Austin. A careful exponent of linguistic philosophy, he pioneered the theory of speech acts, pointing out that utterances can be used to perform actions as well as to convey information

Ballard, J. G. British & World English

(1930–2009), British novelist and short-story writer; full name James Graham Ballard. He is known for dystopian science fiction such as his first novel, The Drowned World (1962), and Crash (1973)

Coetzee, J. M. British & World English

(B.1940), South African novelist; full name John Maxwell Coetzee. He won the Booker Prize with Life and Times of Michael K (1983) and Disgrace (1999), becoming the first author to win the prize twice, and in 2003 was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature

Cronin, A. J. British & World English

(1896–1981), Scottish novelist; full name Archibald Joseph Cronin. His novels, including The Citadel (1937), often reflect his early experiences as a doctor and were successfully adapted for radio and television as Dr Finlay’s Casebook in the 1960s and 1990s

Farrell, J. G. British & World English

(1935–79), English novelist; full name James Gordon Farrell. Notable works: The Siege of Krishnapur (1973) and The Singapore Grip (1978)

Farrell, J. T. British & World English

(1904–79), American novelist; full name James Thomas Farrell. He achieved fame with his trilogy about Studs Lonigan, a young Chicago Catholic of Irish descent, which began with Young Lonigan (1932)

Morgan, J. P. British & World English

(1837–1913), American financier, philanthropist, and art collector; full name John Pierpont Morgan. He created General Electric (1891) and the United States Steel Corporation (1901). He bequeathed his large art collection to the Museum of Modern Art in New York

Simpson, O. J. British & World English

(B.1947), American football player, actor, and celebrity; full name Orenthal James Simpson. He was arrested in 1994, accused of murdering his wife and her male companion, but was acquitted after a lengthy, high-profile trial. In 2008 he was sentenced to at least 9 years in prison on separate charges of assault and kidnapping

Rowling, J. K. British & World English

(B.1965), English novelist; full name Joanne Kathleen Rowling. She created the highly successful Harry Potter children’s books, the first volume of which, Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone, was published in 1997

Ayer, Sir A. J. British & World English

(1910–89), English philosopher; full name Alfred Jules Ayer. Involved with the Vienna Circle in the 1930s, he was an important proponent of logical positivism. Notable work: Language, Truth, and Logic (1936)

Mitchell, R. J. British & World English

(1895–1937), English aeronautical engineer; full name Reginald Joseph Mitchell. He designed the Spitfire fighter aircraft

Marquand, J. P. British & World English

(1893–1960), US writer; full name John Phillips Marquand. He created the character Mr. Moto, a Japanese detective featured in several of his novels, such as Last Laugh, Mr. Moto (1942). His other works include The Late George Apley (1937), Point of No Return (1949), and Women and Thomas Harrow (1958)

Perelman, S. J. British & World English

(1904–79), American humorist and writer; full name Sidney Joseph Perelman. In the early 1930s he worked in Hollywood as a scriptwriter, and from 1934 his name is linked with the New Yorker magazine, for whom he wrote most of his short stories and sketches

Pershing, John J. British & World English

(1860–1948), US army officer; full name John Joseph Pershing; known as Black Jack. His early military years included active duty in Cuba 1889, the Philippines 1899–1903, and Mexico 1916–17 before he became commander in chief of the American Expeditionary Force 1917–19 in World War I. His Meuse-Argonne offensive 1918 led to the final collapse of the German Army. He served as US Army chief of staff 1921–24

Salinger, J. D. British & World English

(1919–2010), American novelist and short-story writer; full name Jerome David Salinger. He is best known for his novel of adolescence The Catcher in the Rye (1951)

Rank, J. Arthur British & World English

1st Baron (1888–1972), English industrialist and film executive; full name Joseph Arthur Rank. In 1941 he founded the Rank Organization, a film production and distribution company that acquired control of the leading British studios and cinema chains in the 1940s and 1950s

Priestley, J. B. British & World English

(1894–1984), English novelist, dramatist, and critic; full name John Boynton Priestley. He is noted for works such as The Good Companions (1929), a picaresque novel, and the mystery drama An Inspector Calls (1947)

Turner, J. M. W. British & World English

(1775–1851), English painter; full name Joseph Mallord William Turner. He made his name with landscapes and stormy seascapes, becoming increasingly concerned with depicting the power of light by the use of primary colours, often arranged in a swirling vortex. Notable works: Rain, Steam, Speed (1844); The Fighting Téméraire (1838)

Hoover, J. Edgar British & World English

(1895–1972), American lawyer and director of the FBI 1924–72; full name John Edgar Hoover. He reorganized the FBI into an efficient, scientific law-enforcement agency, but came under criticism for the organization’s role during the McCarthy era

Lerner, Alan J. British & World English

(1918–86), American lyricist and dramatist; full name Alan Jay Lerner. He wrote a series of musicals with composer Frederick Loewe (1904–88) which were also filmed, including My Fair Lady (1956; filmed 1964). He won Oscars for the films An American in Paris (1951) and Gigi (1958)

Barrie, Sir J. M. British & World English

(1860–1937), Scottish dramatist and novelist; full name James Matthew Barrie. Barrie’s most famous play is Peter Pan (1904), a fantasy for children about a boy who did not grow up

Haldane, J. B. S. British & World English

(1892–1964), Scottish mathematical biologist; full name John Burdon Sanderson Haldane. As well as contributing to the development of population genetics, Haldane became well known as a popularizer of science and as an outspoken Marxist

Marriott, J. Willard British & World English

(1900–1985), US businessman; full name John Willard Marriott. He founded the Marriott hotel chain, which began in 1927 with a Hot Shoppe in Washington, DC

Tolkien, J. R. R. British & World English

(1892–1973), British novelist and literary scholar, born in South Africa; full name John Ronald Reuel Tolkien. He is famous for the fantasy adventures The Hobbit (1937) and The Lord of the Rings (1954-5), set in Middle Earth

Williams, J. P. R. British & World English

(B.1949), Welsh rugby union player; full name John Peter Rhys Williams. One of the leading full backs of the 1970s, Williams played for his country and for the British Lions

Dr. J. in Erving, Julius British & World English

(1950-), US basketball player; full name Julius Winfield Erving; known as Dr. J. He played most of his career with the Philadelphia 76ers 1977–87. Basketball Hall of Fame (1993)

J. regia in walnut British & World English

The tall tree which produces walnuts, with compound leaves and valuable ornamental timber that is used chiefly in cabinetmaking and gun stocks

Bach, Johann Sebastian British & World English

(1685–1750), German composer

Mill, John Stuart British & World English

(1806–73), English philosopher and economist. Mill is best known for his political and moral works, especially On Liberty (1859), which argued for the importance of individuality, and Utilitarianism (1861), which extensively developed Bentham’s theory

Frazer, Sir James George British & World English

(1854–1941), Scottish anthropologist. In The Golden Bough (1890–1915) he proposed an evolutionary theory of the development of human thought, from the magical and religious to the scientific

J. communis in juniper British & World English

An evergreen shrub or small tree which bears berry-like cones, widely distributed throughout Eurasia and North America. Many kinds have aromatic cones or foliage

J. torquilla in wryneck British & World English

An Old World bird of the woodpecker family, with brown camouflaged plumage and a habit of twisting and writhing the neck when disturbed

Galbraith, John Kenneth British & World English

(1908–2006), Canadian-born American economist. He was well known for his criticism of consumerism and of the power of large multinational corporations


Page: 1 2 3 ... 14