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León British & World English

A city in northern Spain; population 135,119 (2008). It is the capital of the province and former kingdom of León, now part of Castilla-León region

Blum, Léon British & World English

(1872–1950), French statesman, Prime Minister 1936-7, 1938, 1946-7. As France’s first socialist and Jewish Prime Minister, Blum introduced significant labour reforms

Uris, Leon British & World English

(1924–2003) US writer; full name Leon Marcus Uris. His works include Battle Cry (1953), Exodus (1958), QB VII (1970), Trinity (1976), The Haj (1984), and Redemption (1995)

Bakst, Léon British & World English

(1866–1924), Russian painter and designer; born Lev Samuilovich Rozenberg. He was a member of the Diaghilev circle and the Ballets Russes, for which he designed exotic, richly coloured sets and costumes

Nuevo León British & World English

A state of NE Mexico, on the border with the US; capital, Monterrey

Castilla-León British & World English

An autonomous region of northern Spain; capital, Valladolid

Trotsky, Leon British & World English

(1879–1940), Russian revolutionary; born Lev Davidovich Bronshtein. He helped to organize the October Revolution with Lenin, and built up the Red Army. He was expelled from the Communist Party by Stalin in 1927 and exiled in 1929. He settled in Mexico in 1937, where he was later murdered by a Stalinist assassin

Ponce de León New Oxford Dictionary for Writers & Editors

, Juan (c.1460–1521), Spanish explorer

Alberti, Leon Battista British & World English

(1404–72), Italian architect, humanist, painter, and art critic. His book On Painting (1435) was the first account of the theory of perspective in the Renaissance

Ponce de León, Juan British & World English

(Circa 1460–1521), Spanish explorer. He accompanied Columbus on his second voyage to the New World in 1493, became governor of Puerto Rico (1510–12), and landed on the coast of Florida in 1513, claiming the area for Spain

Foucault, Jean Bernard Léon British & World English

(1819–68), French physicist. He is chiefly remembered for the huge pendulum which he hung from the roof of the Panthéon in Paris in 1851 to demonstrate the rotation of the earth. He also invented the gyroscope and was the first to determine the velocity of light reasonably accurately

Murphy, Audie British & World English

(1924–71), US soldier and actor; full name Audie Leon Murphy. The most decorated combat soldier of World War II, he appeared in war adventure movies such as Beyond Glory (1948) and To Hell and Back (1955), the latter being a movie version of his autobiography

Wallace, Mike British & World English

(1918–2012), US journalist; born Myron Leon Wallace. A news correspondent with CBS from 1963, he appeared on the television news program 60 Minutes from 1968

Leon N. Cooper in Bardeen, John British & World English

(1908–91), US physicist. With William Shockley and Walter Brattain, he developed a point-contact transistor, for which they shared the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1956. He also worked on the theory of superconductivity, for which he shared the prize in 1972 with colleagues Leon N. Cooper (1930-) and John Robert Schrieffer (1931-)

Leon M. Lederman in God particle British & World English

An informal name for the Higgs boson or particle (see Higgs boson)

Audie Leon Murphy in Murphy, Audie British & World English

(1924–71), US soldier and actor; full name Audie Leon Murphy. The most decorated combat soldier of World War II, he appeared in war adventure movies such as Beyond Glory (1948) and To Hell and Back (1955), the latter being a movie version of his autobiography

Leon Marcus Uris in Uris, Leon British & World English

(1924–2003) US writer; full name Leon Marcus Uris. His works include Battle Cry (1953), Exodus (1958), QB VII (1970), Trinity (1976), The Haj (1984), and Redemption (1995)

Myron Leon Wallace in Wallace, Mike British & World English

(1918–2012), US journalist; born Myron Leon Wallace. A news correspondent with CBS from 1963, he appeared on the television news program 60 Minutes from 1968

Leon Bismarck Beiderbecke in Beiderbecke, Bix British & World English

(1903–31), American jazz musician and composer; born Leon Bismarck Beiderbecke. A self-taught cornetist and pianist, he was one of a handful of white musicians who profoundly influenced the development of jazz