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Medici British & World English

A powerful Italian family of bankers and merchants whose members effectively ruled Florence for much of the 15th century and from 1569 were grand dukes of Tuscany. Cosimo and Lorenzo de’ Medici were notable rulers and patrons of the arts in Florence; the family also provided four popes (including Leo X) and two queens of France (Catherine de’ Medici and Marie de Médicis)

Medici New Oxford Dictionary for Writers & Editors

powerful Florentine family in the 15th–18th centuries

Marie de Médicis British & World English

(1573–1642), queen of France; Italian name Maria de' Medici. The second wife of Henry IV of France, she ruled as regent during the minority of her son Louis XIII (1610–17) and retained her influence after her son came to power

de' Medici2 New Oxford Dictionary for Writers & Editors

, Catherine, see Catherine de' Medici

Cosimo de' Medici British & World English

(1389–1464), Italian statesman and banker; known as Cosimo the Elder. He laid the foundations for the Medici family’s power in Florence, becoming the city’s ruler in 1434 and using his considerable wealth to promote the arts and learning

de' Medici, Cosimo British & World English

See Cosimo de' Medici.

de' Medici, Lorenzo British & World English

See Lorenzo de' Medici.

Giovanni de' Medici British & World English

The name of Pope Leo X (see Leo).

Lorenzo de' Medici British & World English

(1449–92), Italian statesman and scholar. A patron of the arts and humanist learning, he supported Botticelli, Leonardo da Vinci, and Michelangelo among others. He was also a noted poet and scholar in his own right

Cosimo de' Medici New Oxford Dictionary for Writers & Editors

(1389–1464), Italian statesman and banker; known as Cosimo the Elder

Lorenzo de' Medici New Oxford Dictionary for Writers & Editors

(1449–92), Italian statesman and scholar

Catherine de' Medici British & World English

(1519–89), queen of France, wife of Henry II. She ruled as regent (1560–74) during the minority reigns of her three sons, Francis II, Charles IX, and Henry III, and it was at her instigation that Huguenots were killed in the Massacre of St Bartholomew (1572)

de' Medici, Catherine British & World English

See Catherine de' Medici.

de' Medici, Giovanni British & World English

The name of Pope Leo X (see Leo).

Catherine de' Medici New Oxford Dictionary for Writers & Editors

(1519–89), queen of France, wife of Henry II

de' Medici in Medici British & World English

A powerful Italian family of bankers and merchants whose members effectively ruled Florence for much of the 15th century and from 1569 were grand dukes of Tuscany. Cosimo and Lorenzo de’ Medici were notable rulers and patrons of the arts in Florence; the family also provided four popes (including Leo X) and two queens of France (Catherine de’ Medici and Marie de Médicis)

Leo1 British & World English

Leo X (1475–1521), pope from 1513; born Giovanni de' Medici. He excommunicated Martin Luther and bestowed on Henry VIII of England the title of Defender of the Faith. He was a noted patron of learning and the arts

Maria de' Medici in Marie de Médicis British & World English

(1573–1642), queen of France; Italian name Maria de' Medici. The second wife of Henry IV of France, she ruled as regent during the minority of her son Louis XIII (1610–17) and retained her influence after her son came to power

Maria de' Medici in Marie de Médicis New Oxford Dictionary for Writers & Editors

(1573–1642), queen of France; Italian name Maria de' Medici

Lorenzo de’ Medici in Medici British & World English

A powerful Italian family of bankers and merchants whose members effectively ruled Florence for much of the 15th century and from 1569 were grand dukes of Tuscany. Cosimo and Lorenzo de’ Medici were notable rulers and patrons of the arts in Florence; the family also provided four popes (including Leo X) and two queens of France (Catherine de’ Medici and Marie de Médicis)

Giovanni de' Medici in Leo1 British & World English

Leo X (1475–1521), pope from 1513; born Giovanni de' Medici. He excommunicated Martin Luther and bestowed on Henry VIII of England the title of Defender of the Faith. He was a noted patron of learning and the arts

Catherine de’ Medici in Medici British & World English

A powerful Italian family of bankers and merchants whose members effectively ruled Florence for much of the 15th century and from 1569 were grand dukes of Tuscany. Cosimo and Lorenzo de’ Medici were notable rulers and patrons of the arts in Florence; the family also provided four popes (including Leo X) and two queens of France (Catherine de’ Medici and Marie de Médicis)