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P British & World English

The sixteenth letter of the alphabet

P1 British & World English

The sixteenth letter of the alphabet

P2 British & World English

(In tables of sports results) games played

phosphorus British & World English

The chemical element of atomic number 15, a poisonous, combustible non-metal which exists in two common allotropic forms, white phosphorus, a yellowish waxy solid which ignites spontaneously in air and glows in the dark, and red phosphorus, a less reactive form used in making matches

P in phosphorus British & World English

The chemical element of atomic number 15, a poisonous, combustible non-metal which exists in two common allotropic forms, white phosphorus, a yellowish waxy solid which ignites spontaneously in air and glows in the dark, and red phosphorus, a less reactive form used in making matches

penny British & World English

A British bronze coin and monetary unit equal to one hundredth of a pound

p in penny British & World English

A British bronze coin and monetary unit equal to one hundredth of a pound

p in P1 British & World English

The sixteenth letter of the alphabet

P & L British & World English

Profit and loss account

P & O British & World English

Peninsular and Oriental Steam Navigation Company

p/c British & World English

Petty cash

p. & p. British & World English

Postage and packing

p. & h. British & World English

Postage and handling

p-code British & World English

another term for pseudocode.

P-trap British & World English

A trap consisting of a U-bend with the upper part of its outlet arm bent horizontally

p-type British & World English

Denoting a region in a semiconductor in which electrical conduction is due chiefly to the movement of positive holes

K of P British & World English

Knights of Pythias

P-Celtic British & World English

another term for Brythonic.

p/e ratio British & World English

Price-earnings ratio

vitamin P British & World English

The bioflavonoids, regarded collectively as a vitamin

p–n junction British & World English

A boundary between p-type and n-type material in a semiconductor device, functioning as a rectifier

S & P 500 British & World English

Standard & Poor’s 500

substance P British & World English

A compound thought to be involved in the synaptic transmission of pain and other nerve impulses. It is a polypeptide with eleven amino-acid residues

Botha, P. W. British & World English

(1916–2006), South African statesman, Prime Minister 1978–84, State President 1984-9; full name Pieter Willem Botha. An authoritarian leader, he continued to enforce apartheid but in response to pressure introduced limited reforms; his resistance to more radical change ultimately led to his fall from power

Snow, C. P. British & World English

1st Baron Snow of Leicester (1905–80), English novelist and scientist; full name Charles Percy Snow. He is best known for his sequence of eleven novels Strangers and Brothers, which deals with moral dilemmas in the academic world, and for his lecture Two Cultures (1959)

James, P. D. British & World English

Baroness James of Holland Park (b.1920), English writer of detective fiction; full name Phyllis Dorothy James. She is noted for her novels featuring the poet-detective Adam Dalgleish, including A Taste for Death (1986)

Wren, P. C. British & World English

(1885–1941), English novelist; full name Percival Christopher Wren. He is best known for his romantic adventure stories dealing with life in the French Foreign Legion, the first of which was Beau Geste (1924)

profit and loss account British & World English

An account in the books of an organization to which incomes and gains are credited and expenses and losses debited, so as to show the net profit or loss over a given period

P's in P1 British & World English

The sixteenth letter of the alphabet

Barnum, P. T. British & World English

(1810–91), American showman; full name Phineas Taylor Barnum. He billed his circus, opened in 1871, as ‘The Greatest Show on Earth’; ten years later he founded the Barnum and Bailey circus with his former rival Anthony Bailey (1847–1906)

Morgan, J. P. British & World English

(1837–1913), American financier, philanthropist, and art collector; full name John Pierpont Morgan. He created General Electric (1891) and the United States Steel Corporation (1901). He bequeathed his large art collection to the Museum of Modern Art in New York

Hartley, L. P. British & World English

(1895–1972), English novelist and short-story writer; full name Leslie Poles Hartley. Much of his work deals with memory and the effects of childhood experience on adult life and character. Notable novels: The Shrimp and the Anemone (1944) and The Go-Between (1953)

Chase, Salmon P. British & World English

(1808–73), US chief justice 1864–73; full name Salmon Portland Chase. He served in the US Senate 1849–55, as governor of Ohio 1855–59, and as US secretary of the treasury 1861–64, during which time he established the national banking system and issued the first “greenbacks.”

Marquand, J. P. British & World English

(1893–1960), US writer; full name John Phillips Marquand. He created the character Mr. Moto, a Japanese detective featured in several of his novels, such as Last Laugh, Mr. Moto (1942). His other works include The Late George Apley (1937), Point of No Return (1949), and Women and Thomas Harrow (1958)

Teng Hsiao-p'ing British & World English

variant of Deng Xiaoping.

Herbert, Sir A. P. British & World English

(1890–1970), English writer and politician; full name Alan Patrick Herbert. He wrote novels, items for the magazine Punch, and libretti for comic operas. As an MP, he was best known for introducing legislation to reform the divorce laws

Williams, J. P. R. British & World English

(B.1949), Welsh rugby union player; full name John Peter Rhys Williams. One of the leading full backs of the 1970s, Williams played for his country and for the British Lions

Beauregard, P. G. T. British & World English

(1818–93), Confederate army officer; full name Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard. He served as superintendent of the US Military Academy at West Point, but resigned in 1861 to join the Confederacy. He commanded the Confederate attack on Fort Sumter, which officially began the Civil War

Rao, P. V. Narasimha British & World English

(1921–2004), Indian statesman, Prime Minister 1991-6; full name Pamulaparti Venkata Narasimha Rao

Wodehouse, Sir P. G. British & World English

(1881–1975), English writer; full name Pelham Grenville Wodehouse. His best-known works are humorous stories of the upper-class world of Bertie Wooster and his valet Jeeves, the first of which appeared in 1917

halfpennyworth British & World English

As much as could be bought for a halfpenny

ha'p'orth in halfpennyworth British & World English

As much as could be bought for a halfpenny

Standard & Poor's 500 British & World English

A group of 500 companies whose average daily share prices are used to calculate an index of the day’s security prices

P. lotor in raccoon British & World English

A greyish-brown American mammal which has a foxlike face with a black mask, a ringed tail, and the habit of washing its food in water

P. sebae in rock python British & World English

A large dark-skinned constricting snake with paler markings and a distinctive pale mark on the crown

P. rubra in frangipani British & World English

A tropical American tree or shrub with clusters of fragrant white, pink, or yellow flowers

P. gutta in gutta-percha British & World English

A hard tough thermoplastic substance which is the coagulated latex of certain Malaysian trees. It consists chiefly of a hydrocarbon isomeric with rubber and is now used chiefly in dentistry and for electrical insulation

P. typus in harrier hawk British & World English

An African bird of prey with a bare yellow face, resembling a goshawk but flying like a harrier

P. rapae in cabbage white British & World English

A mainly white butterfly that has caterpillars which are pests of cabbages and related plants


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