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RNA British & World English

Ribonucleic acid, a nucleic acid present in all living cells. Its principal role is to act as a messenger carrying instructions from DNA for controlling the synthesis of proteins, although in some viruses RNA rather than DNA carries the genetic information

RNA virus British & World English

A virus in which the genetic information is stored in the form of RNA (as opposed to DNA)

messenger RNA British & World English

The form of RNA in which genetic information transcribed from DNA as a sequence of bases is transferred to a ribosome

transfer RNA British & World English

RNA consisting of folded molecules which transport amino acids from the cytoplasm of a cell to a ribosome

microRNA British & World English

A cellular RNA fragment that prevents the production of a particular protein by binding to and destroying the messenger RNA that would have produced the protein