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Stuart British & World English

Relating to the royal family ruling Scotland 1371–1714 and Britain 1603–1649 and 1660–1714

Stuart1 New Oxford Dictionary for Writers & Editors

name of the family ruling Scotland 1371–1714 and Britain 1603–39 and 1660–1714

Stuart2 New Oxford Dictionary for Writers & Editors

Charles Edward (1720–88), pretender to the British throne; known as Bonnie Prince Charlie

Stuart, Charles Edward British & World English

(1720–88), son of James Stuart, pretender to the British throne; known as the Young Pretender or Bonnie Prince Charlie. He led the Jacobite uprising of 1745-6. However, he was driven back to Scotland and defeated at the Battle of Culloden (1746)

Stuart, Gilbert Charles British & World English

(1755–1828), US artist. Considered the father of American portraiture, he is best known for his portraits of the first five presidents, painted between 1817 and 1821

Stuart, James British & World English

(1688–1766), son of James II (James VII of Scotland), pretender to the British throne; known as the Old Pretender; full name James Francis Edward Stuart. He arrived in Scotland too late to alter the outcome of the 1715 Jacobite uprising and left the leadership of the 1745-6 uprising to his son Charles Edward Stuart

Stuart, Jeb British & World English

(1833–64), Confederate military officer; full name James Ewell Brown Stuart. He resigned from the US army in 1861 to join the Confederate army as a brigadier general. Known for his brazen raids and reconnaissance missions during the Civil War, he was mortally wounded at the Battle of Yellow Tavern in Virginia

Stuart, John McDouall British & World English

(1815–66), Scottish explorer. He was a member of Charles Sturt’s third expedition to Australia (1844-6) and subsequently crossed Australia from south to north and back again, at his sixth attempt (1860-2)

Stuart, Mary British & World English

See Mary, Queen of Scots.

Bute, John Stuart British & World English

3rd Earl of (1713–92), Scottish courtier and Tory statesman, Prime Minister 1762-3

Mill, John Stuart British & World English

(1806–73), English philosopher and economist. Mill is best known for his political and moral works, especially On Liberty (1859), which argued for the importance of individuality, and Utilitarianism (1861), which extensively developed Bentham’s theory

Mary, Queen of Scots British & World English

(1542–87), daughter of James V, queen of Scotland 1542–67; known as Mary Stuart. A devout Catholic, she was unable to control her Protestant lords, and fled to England in 1567. She became the focus of several Catholic plots against Elizabeth I and was eventually beheaded

Mary Stuart in Mary, Queen of Scots British & World English

(1542–87), daughter of James V, queen of Scotland 1542–67; known as Mary Stuart. A devout Catholic, she was unable to control her Protestant lords, and fled to England in 1567. She became the focus of several Catholic plots against Elizabeth I and was eventually beheaded

Mary Stuart in Mary, Queen of Scots New Oxford Dictionary for Writers & Editors

queen of Scotland 1542–67; also known as Mary Stuart

Dudley Stuart John Moore in Moore, Dudley British & World English

(1935–2002), English actor, comedian, and musician; full name Dudley Stuart John Moore. He appeared with Peter Cook in the television shows Beyond the Fringe (1959–64) and Not Only ... But Also (1964–70). His films include Arthur (1981)

James Ewell Brown Stuart in Stuart, Jeb British & World English

(1833–64), Confederate military officer; full name James Ewell Brown Stuart. He resigned from the US army in 1861 to join the Confederate army as a brigadier general. Known for his brazen raids and reconnaissance missions during the Civil War, he was mortally wounded at the Battle of Yellow Tavern in Virginia

James Francis Edward Stuart in Stuart, James British & World English

(1688–1766), son of James II (James VII of Scotland), pretender to the British throne; known as the Old Pretender; full name James Francis Edward Stuart. He arrived in Scotland too late to alter the outcome of the 1715 Jacobite uprising and left the leadership of the 1745-6 uprising to his son Charles Edward Stuart

Patrick Maynard Stuart Blackett in Blackett, Patrick British & World English

Baron (1897–1974), English physicist; full name Patrick Maynard Stuart Blackett. Blackett was a member of the Maud Committee, which dealt with the development of the atom bomb. He also modified the cloud chamber for the study of cosmic rays. Nobel Prize for Physics (1948)