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albert British & World English

A watch chain with a bar at one end for attaching to a buttonhole

Albert, Carl British & World English

(1908–2000), US politician. A Democrat from Oklahoma, he served in the US House of Representatives 1947–77 and became Speaker of the House in 1971

Albert, Lake British & World English

A lake in the Rift Valley of east central Africa, on the border between the Democratic Republic of Congo (Zaire) and Uganda. It is linked to Lake Edward by the Semliki River and to the White Nile by the Albert Nile

Albert, Prince British & World English

Albert Francis Charles Augustus Emmanuel (1819–61), consort to Queen Victoria and prince of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha

Albert Nile British & World English

The upper part of the Nile, flowing through NW Uganda between Lake Albert and the Uganda-South Sudan border

Camus, Albert British & World English

(1913–60), French novelist, dramatist, and essayist, closely aligned with existentialism. Notable works: The Outsider (novel, 1942), The Plague (novel, 1947), and The Rebel (essay, 1951). Nobel Prize for Literature (1957)

Speer, Albert British & World English

(1905–81), German architect and Nazi government official, designer of the Nuremberg stadium for the 1934 Nazi Party congress. He was also Minister for Armaments and Munitions. Following the Nuremberg trials, he served twenty years in Spandau prison

Albert, Prince New Oxford Dictionary for Writers & Editors

(1819–61), consort to Queen Victoria

Einstein, Albert British & World English

(1879–1955), German-born American theoretical physicist, founder of the special and general theories of relativity

Reynolds, Albert British & World English

(B.1933), Irish Fianna Fáil statesman, Taoiseach (Prime Minister) 1992-4. He was involved with John Major in drafting the ‘Downing Street Declaration’ (1993), intended as the basis of a peace initiative in Northern Ireland

Schweitzer, Albert British & World English

(1875–1965), German theologian, musician, and medical missionary, born in Alsace. In 1913 he qualified as a doctor and went as a missionary to Gabon, where he established a hospital. Nobel Peace Prize (1952)

Filene, Edward Albert British & World English

(1860–1937), US merchant. As the president of Wm. Filene & Sons, he brought about many innovations, including the bargain basement and charge accounts. In 1921, he helped to establish the Credit Union National Extension Bureau

Jessel, George Albert British & World English

(1898–1981) US entertainer; known as America’s “toastmaster general.” He was best known as a master of ceremonies

Luthuli, Albert John British & World English

(Circa 1898–1967), South African political leader. His presidency of the African National Congress (1952–60) was marked by a programme of civil disobedience for which he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize (1960)

Ryder, Albert Pinkham British & World English

(1847–1917), US artist. He is known for atmospheric seascapes, such as Toilers of the Sea (1884), and pastoral landscapes

Sabin, Albert Bruce British & World English

(1906–93), US physician; born in Russia. He developed the orally administered Sabin vaccine against poliomyelitis that was adopted by the World Health Organization in the late 1950s

Szent-Györgyi, Albert von British & World English

(1893–1986), American biochemist, born in Hungary. He discovered ascorbic acid, later identified with vitamin C

Terhune, Albert Payson British & World English

(1872–1942), US writer. His fiction for young readers about dogs, especially collies, includes Lad: A Dog (1919), Treve (1924), My Friend the Dog (1926), and Loot! (1940)

Michelson, Albert Abraham British & World English

(1852–1931), American physicist. He specialized in precision measurement in experimental physics, and in 1907 became the first American to be awarded a Nobel Prize

Victoria and Albert Museum British & World English

A national museum of fine and applied art in South Kensington, London, created in 1852 and having collections principally of pictures, textiles, ceramics, and furniture

albert chain in albert British & World English

A watch chain with a bar at one end for attaching to a buttonhole

Kroc, Ray British & World English

(1902–84) US entrepreneur and philanthropist; full name Raymond Albert Kroc. In 1955, he began his franchise empire of McDonald’s fast-food restaurants

Prince Albert in albert British & World English

A watch chain with a bar at one end for attaching to a buttonhole

Michener, James British & World English

(1907–97), US writer; full name James Albert Michener. He wrote Tales of the South Pacific (1947), which was made into the Broadway musical South Pacific (1949). He was also known for other fictionalized histories that include Hawaii (1959), Chesapeake (1978), Texas (1985), Alaska (1988), and A Miracle in Seville (1995)

Albert Chinualumgu in Achebe, Chinua British & World English

(1930–2013), Nigerian novelist, poet, short-story writer, and essayist; born Albert Chinualumgu. His novels, such as Things Fall Apart (1958), show traditional African society in confrontation with European customs and values

Gore, Al British & World English

(1948-), US vice president 1993–2001; full name Albert Arnold Gore, Jr. A Tennessee Democrat, he served in the US House of Representatives 1977–85 and US Senate 1985–93. He lost the 2000 presidential bid to George W. Bush in one of the closest and most controversial elections in US history. His book An Inconvenient Truth: The Planetary Emergency of Global Warming and What We Can Do About It (2006) was highly influential. Nobel Peace Prize (2007, shared with the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change)

Raymond Albert Kroc in Kroc, Ray British & World English

(1902–84) US entrepreneur and philanthropist; full name Raymond Albert Kroc. In 1955, he began his franchise empire of McDonald’s fast-food restaurants

James Albert Michener in Michener, James British & World English

(1907–97), US writer; full name James Albert Michener. He wrote Tales of the South Pacific (1947), which was made into the Broadway musical South Pacific (1949). He was also known for other fictionalized histories that include Hawaii (1959), Chesapeake (1978), Texas (1985), Alaska (1988), and A Miracle in Seville (1995)

Francis Albert Sinatra in Sinatra, Frank British & World English

(1915–98), American singer and actor; full name Francis Albert Sinatra. His many hits include ‘Night and Day’ and ‘My Way’. He won an Oscar for his role in the film From Here to Eternity (1953)

Mark (Albert) Van Doren in Van Doren British & World English

Mark (Albert) Van Doren (1894–1972), poet and educator; son of Carl. His work is compiled in Collected Poems (1939)

Sir Harry Albert Atkinson in Atkinson, Sir Harry British & World English

(1831–92), British-born New Zealand statesman, Prime Minister 1876-7, 1883-4, and 1887–91; full name Sir Harry Albert Atkinson

Albert Arnold Gore, Jr. in Gore, Al British & World English

(1948-), US vice president 1993–2001; full name Albert Arnold Gore, Jr. A Tennessee Democrat, he served in the US House of Representatives 1977–85 and US Senate 1985–93. He lost the 2000 presidential bid to George W. Bush in one of the closest and most controversial elections in US history. His book An Inconvenient Truth: The Planetary Emergency of Global Warming and What We Can Do About It (2006) was highly influential. Nobel Peace Prize (2007, shared with the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change)

Theodore Herman Albert Dreiser in Dreiser, Theodore British & World English

(1871–1945), American novelist; full name Theodore Herman Albert Dreiser. His first novel, Sister Carrie (1900), caused controversy for its frank treatment of the heroine’s sexuality and ambition. Other notable works: America is Worth Saving (1941)

Prince Henry Charles Albert David in Charles, Prince British & World English

Charles Philip Arthur George, Prince of Wales (b.1948), heir apparent to Elizabeth II. He married Lady Diana Spencer in 1981; the couple had two children, Prince William Arthur Philip Louis (b.1982) and Prince Henry Charles Albert David (known as Prince Harry, b.1984), and were divorced in 1996. In 2005 he married Mrs Camilla Parker Bowles (b.1947); she became HRH the Duchess of Cornwall

Henri René Albert Guy de Maupassant in Maupassant, Guy de British & World English

(1850–93), French novelist and short-story writer; full name Henri René Albert Guy de Maupassant. He wrote about 300 short stories and six novels in a simple, direct narrative style. Notable novels: Une Vie (1883) and Bel-Ami (1885)

Louis Francis Albert Victor Nicholas Mountbatten in Mountbatten, Louis British & World English

1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma (1900–79), British admiral and administrator; full name Louis Francis Albert Victor Nicholas Mountbatten. He was supreme Allied commander in SE Asia (1943-5) and the last viceroy (1947) and first Governor General of India (1947-8). He was killed by an IRA bomb while on his yacht


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