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diabetes British & World English

A disorder of the metabolism causing excessive thirst and the production of large amounts of urine

diabetes insipidus British & World English

A rare form of diabetes caused by a deficiency of the pituitary hormone vasopressin, which regulates kidney function

diabetes mellitus British & World English

The commonest form of diabetes, caused by a deficiency of the pancreatic hormone insulin, which results in a failure to metabolize sugars and starch. Sugars accumulate in the blood and urine, and the by-products of alternative fat metabolism disturb the acid-base balance of the blood, causing a risk of convulsions and coma