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encephalopathy British & World English

A disease in which the functioning of the brain is affected by some agent or condition (such as viral infection or toxins in the blood)

spongiform encephalopathy British & World English

Any of various degenerative diseases of the central nervous system characterized by histological change in brain tissue, which assumes a sponge-like appearance due to the degeneration and loss of neurones, and the appearance of vacuoles; bovine spongiform encephalopathy).

Wernicke's encephalopathy British & World English

A neurological disorder caused by thiamine deficiency, typically from chronic alcoholism or persistent vomiting, and marked by mental confusion, abnormal eye movements, and unsteady gait

myalgic encephalomyelitis British & World English

Another term for chronic fatigue syndrome.

BSE British & World English

Bovine spongiform encephalopathy, a disease of cattle which affects the central nervous system, causing agitation and staggering, and is usually fatal. It is believed to be caused by an agent such as a prion or a virino, and to be related to Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease in humans

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