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henry British & World English

The SI unit of inductance, equal to an electromotive force of one volt in a closed circuit with a uniform rate of change of current of one ampere per second

Henry1 British & World English

The name of eight kings of England:

Henry2 British & World English

(1394–1460), Portuguese prince; known as Henry the Navigator. The third son of John I of Portugal, he organized many voyages of discovery, most notably south along the African coast, thus laying the foundation for Portuguese imperial expansion round Africa to East Asia

Henry3 British & World English

The name of seven kings of the Germans, six of whom were also Holy Roman emperors:

Henry New Oxford Dictionary for Writers & Editors

, O (1862–1910), American short-story writer; pseudonym of William Sydney Porter

Henry, John British & World English

American folk legend, the “steel-driving man” who tried to save railroad laborers' jobs by competing against a steam-powered hammer. He won by driving in more spikes than the machine, but then collapsed and died

Henry, O. British & World English

(1862–1910), American short-story writer; pseudonym of William Sydney Porter. Jailed for embezzlement in 1898, he started writing short stories in prison. Collections include Cabbages and Kings (1904) and The Voice of the City (1908)

Henry, Patrick British & World English

(1736–99), American revolutionary from Virginia. As a member of the Continental Congress 1774–76, he was noted as an orator. He is best remembered for an impassioned speech in which he urged the colonies into readiness with the statement “Give me liberty, or give me death.”

Henry IV British & World English

(1553–1610), king of France 1589–1610; known as Henry of Navarre. Although leader of Huguenot forces in the latter stages of the French Wars of Religion, on succeeding the Catholic Henry III he became Catholic himself in order to guarantee peace. He established religious freedom with the Edict of Nantes (1598) and restored order after the prolonged civil war

Lee, Henry British & World English

(1756–1818) American soldier and politician; known as Light-Horse Harry; father of Robert E. Lee. A famed cavalry commander in the American Revolution, he became governor of Virginia 1792–95 and a member of the US House of Representatives 1799–1801

Henry in henry British & World English

The SI unit of inductance, equal to an electromotive force of one volt in a closed circuit with a uniform rate of change of current of one ampere per second

Henry in Henry's law British & World English

A law stating that the mass of a dissolved gas in a given volume of solvent at equilibrium is proportional to the partial pressure of the gas

Clay, Henry British & World English

(1777–1852), US politician, statesman, and orator; nicknamed the Great Pacificator and the Great Compromiser. He was a leader of the anti-British “War Hawks” in 1811 and championed the Missouri Compromise 1820. He served as secretary of state 1825–29 and as a US senator from Kentucky 1806–07, 1810–11, 1831–42, 1849–52

Cort, Henry British & World English

(1740–1800), English ironmaster. He patented a process for producing iron bars by passing iron through grooved rollers, thus avoiding a hammering stage

Ford, Henry British & World English

(1863–1947), American motor manufacturer. A pioneer of large-scale mass production, he founded the Ford Motor Company, which in 1909 produced his famous Model T. Control of the company passed to his grandson, Henry Ford II (1917–1987) in 1945

Inman, Henry British & World English

(1801–46) US artist. A leading portraitist, he painted many well-known people of his time. He also helped to found the National Academy of Design 1826

James, Henry British & World English

(1843–1916), American-born British novelist and critic. His early novels, notably The Portrait of a Lady (1881), deal with the relationship between European civilization and American life, while later works such as What Maisie Knew (1897) depict English life. He was the brother of William James

Knox, Henry British & World English

(1750–1806) American military officer. He served in the American Revolution and then became the first US secretary of war 1785–94

Lomb, Henry British & World English

(1828–1908) US optician; born in Germany. He cofounded Bausch & Lomb Optical Company in 1853

Moore, Henry British & World English

(1898–1986), English sculptor and draughtsman; full name Henry Spencer Moore. His work is characterized by semi-abstract reclining forms, large upright figures, and family groups, which Moore intended to be viewed in the open air

Henry, King New Oxford Dictionary for Writers & Editors

Shakespeare plays The First Part of King Henry the Fourth, The Second Part of King Henry the Sixth, etc. are abbreviated 1 Hen. IV, 2 Hen. VI, etc.

Baldwin, Henry British & World English

(1780–1844), US Supreme Court associate justice 1830–44. He also served in Congress as a representative from Pennsylvania 1817–22

Briggs, Henry British & World English

(1561–1630), English mathematician. He was renowned for his work on logarithms, in which he introduced the decimal base, made the thousands of calculations necessary for the tables, and popularized their use. Briggs also devised a standard method used for long division

Fuseli, Henry British & World English

(1741–1825), Swiss-born British painter and art critic; born Johann Heinrich Füssli. A prominent figure of the romantic movement, he tended towards the horrifying and the fantastic, as in The Nightmare (1781)

Hooray Henry British & World English

A lively but ineffectual young upper-class man

Hudson, Henry British & World English

(Circa 1565–1611), English explorer. He visited the North American bay, river, and strait which bear his name. In 1610 he attempted to winter in Hudson Bay, but his crew mutinied and set Hudson and a few companions adrift, never to be seen again

Mancini, Henry British & World English

(1924–94), US composer and conductor. He wrote many movie scores, including those for The Pink Panther (1964) and Victor/Victoria (1982). He also wrote “Moon River” for Breakfast at Tiffany’s (1961)

Miller, Henry British & World English

(1891–1980), American novelist; full name Henry Valentine Miller. His autobiographical novels Tropic of Cancer (1934) and Tropic of Capricorn (1939) were banned in the US until the 1960s due to their frank depiction of sex and use of obscenities

Moseley, Henry British & World English

(1887–1915), English physicist; full name Henry Gwyn Jeffreys Moseley. He determined the atomic numbers of elements from their X-ray spectra, demonstrated that an element’s chemical properties are determined by this number, and showed that there are only ninety-two naturally occurring elements

Pelham, Henry British & World English

(1696–1754), British Whig statesman, Prime Minister 1743–54. He introduced a period of peace and prosperity by bringing to an end the War of the Austrian Succession (1740-8)

Purcell, Henry British & World English

(1659–95), English composer. Organist for Westminster Abbey (1679–95), he composed choral odes and songs for royal occasions. His main interest was music for the theatre; he composed the first English opera Dido and Aeneas (1689) and incidental music for many plays

Vaughan, Henry British & World English

(1621–95), Welsh religious writer and metaphysical poet

Addington, Henry British & World English

1st Viscount Sidmouth (1757–1844), British Tory statesman, Prime Minister 1801-4 and Home Secretary (1812–22)

Cavendish, Henry British & World English

(1731–1810), English chemist and physicist. He identified hydrogen, studied carbon dioxide, and determined their densities relative to atmospheric air. He also established that water is a compound, and determined the density of the earth

Fielding, Henry British & World English

(1707–54), English novelist. He provoked the introduction of censorship in theatres with his political satire The Historical Register for 1736. He then turned to writing picaresque novels, notably Joseph Andrews (1742) and Tom Jones (1749). Fielding was also responsible for the formation of the Bow Street Runners in 1749

Henry's law British & World English

A law stating that the mass of a dissolved gas in a given volume of solvent at equilibrium is proportional to the partial pressure of the gas

Kissinger, Henry British & World English

(B.1923), German-born American statesman and diplomat, Secretary of State 1973-7; full name Henry Alfred Kissinger. In 1973 he helped negotiate the withdrawal of US troops from South Vietnam, for which he shared the Nobel Peace Prize. He later restored US diplomatic relations with Egypt in the wake of the Yom Kippur War and headed the commission investigating the attacks of September 11

Williamson, Henry British & World English

(1895–1977), English novelist. His works include Tarka the Otter (1927) and the fifteen-volume semi-autobiographical sequence A Chronicle of Ancient Sunlight (1951–69)

Cooper, Sir Henry British & World English

(1934–2011), English boxer, the only man to win a Lonsdale belt outright three times. He knocked down Muhammad Ali (then Cassius Clay) in 1963, but a bad cut inflicted by the same opponent in 1966 in his only world title fight hastened his retirement in 1971

Frick, Henry Clay British & World English

(1849–1919), US industrialist. He was chairman of the Carnegie Steel Company 1889–1900; his art collection is housed in his former home, now a museum, in New York City

Good King Henry British & World English

An edible plant of the goosefoot family, with large dark green leaves and insignificant clusters of flowers, native to Europe

Heinz, Henry John British & World English

(1844–1919), American food manufacturer. In 1869 he established a family firm for the manufacture and sale of processed foods. Heinz devised the marketing slogan ‘57 Varieties’ in 1896

Irving, Sir Henry British & World English

(1838–1905), English actor-manager; born John Henry Brodribb. He managed the Lyceum Theatre from 1878 to 1902, during which period he entered into a celebrated acting partnership with Ellen Terry

Lodge, Henry Cabot1 British & World English

(1850–1924), US politician and writer. He was a member of the US House of Representatives 1887–93 and the US Senate 1893–1924 as a Republican from Massachusetts. He opposed accepting the peace treaty that ended World War I and that was linked to the US entry into the League of Nations. He was the grandfather of Henry Cabot Lodge (1902–85)

Lodge, Henry Cabot2 British & World English

(1902–85), US politician and diplomat; US representative to the United Nations 1953–60. He was a Republican vice presidential candidate in 1960 and served as ambassador to South Vietnam 1963–64, 1965–67. The grandson of Henry Cabot Lodge (1850–1924), he was also a US senator from Massachusets 1937–44, 1947–53

Newman, John Henry British & World English

(1801–90), English churchman and theologian. A founder of the Oxford Movement, in 1845 he turned to Roman Catholicism, becoming a cardinal in 1879

Percy, Sir Henry British & World English

(1364–1403), English soldier; known as Hotspur or Harry Hotspur. Son of the 1st Earl of Northumberland, he was killed at the battle of Shrewsbury during his father’s revolt against Henry IV


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