A language viewed as an abstract system used by a speech community, in contrast to the actual linguistic behaviour of individuals
The form of medieval French spoken south of the Loire, generally characterized by the use of oc to mean ‘yes’, and forming the basis of modern Provençal
The form of medieval French spoken north of the Loire, generally characterized by the use of oïl to mean ‘yes’, and forming the basis of modern French
A vituperative gossip, a scandalmonger. Also (literal): an evil or malicious tongue.
Malicious gossip or rumours; critical or slanderous talk.
To disparage, criticize, or abuse (a person, especially someone who is not present).
A very thin finger-shaped crisp biscuit or piece of chocolate
Any of various plants, chiefly of the family Boraginaceae, having rough, tongue-shaped leaves, as viper's bugloss, Echium vulgare, borage, Borago officinalis, and (especially in later use) ox-tongue, Picris echiodes (now included in the family Asteraceae (Compositae)). Compare ox-tongue, bugloss. Now rare.