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lewis British & World English

A steel device for gripping heavy blocks of stone or concrete for lifting, consisting of three pieces arranged to form a dovetail, the outside pieces being fixed in a dovetail mortise by the insertion of the middle piece

Lewis British & World English

The northern part of the island of Lewis and Harris in the Outer Hebrides

Duckworth–Lewis British & World English

Denoting a method of determining the runs total needed to win a one-day cricket match that is affected by rain or other interruptions

Lewis, Carl British & World English

(B.1961), American athlete; full name Frederick Carleton Lewis. He won Olympic gold medals in 1984, 1988, 1992, and 1996 (his ninth) for sprinting and the long jump, and broke the world record for the 100 metres on several occasions

Lewis, C. S. British & World English

(1898–1963), British novelist, religious writer, and literary scholar; full name Clive Staples Lewis. He broadcast and wrote on religious and moral issues, and created the imaginary land of Narnia for a series of children’s books, which began with The Lion, the Witch, and the Wardrobe (1950)

Lewis, Jerry British & World English

(1926-), US actor, comedian, and director; born Joseph Levitch. He was known initially for his act with Dean Martin 1946–1956 but then appeared on his own on the stage and in films and also worked as a director

Lewis, Jerry Lee British & World English

(B.1935), American rock-and-roll singer and pianist. In 1957 he had hits with ‘Whole Lotta Shakin’ Going On‘ and ’Great Balls of Fire'. His career was interrupted when his marriage to his fourteen-year-old cousin caused a public outcry

Lewis, John Llewellyn British & World English

(1880–1969), US labor leader. He headed the United Mine Workers 1920–60 and organized the Committee for Industrial Organization 1935, which became the Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO). He served as its president until 1940

Lewis, Lennox British & World English

(B.1965), English boxer, world heavyweight champion three times from 1999

Lewis, Meriwether British & World English

(1774–1809), American explorer. Together with William Clark he led an expedition to explore the newly acquired Louisiana Purchase (1804-6). They travelled from St Louis to the Pacific Coast and back

Lewis, Sinclair British & World English

(1885–1951), American novelist, known for satirical works such as Main Street (1920), Babbitt (1922), and Elmer Gantry (1927); full name Harry Sinclair Lewis. He was the first American writer to receive the Nobel Prize for Literature (1930)

Lewis, Wyndham British & World English

(1882–1957), British novelist, critic, and painter, born in Canada; full name Percy Wyndham Lewis. He was a leader of the Vorticist movement, and with Ezra Pound edited the magazine Blast (1914–15). Notable novels: The Apes of God (1930)

Lewis gun British & World English

A light air-cooled machine gun with a magazine operated by gas from its own firing, used mainly in the First World War

Lewis in Lewis acid British & World English

A compound or ionic species which can accept an electron pair from a donor compound

Lewis in Lewis base British & World English

A compound or ionic species which can donate an electron pair to an acceptor compound

Lewis in Lewis gun British & World English

A light air-cooled machine gun with a magazine operated by gas from its own firing, used mainly in the First World War

Lewis in lewisite British & World English

A dark oily liquid producing an irritant gas that causes blisters, developed for use in chemical warfare

Lewis in Duckworth–Lewis British & World English

Denoting a method of determining the runs total needed to win a one-day cricket match that is affected by rain or other interruptions

Lewis acid British & World English

A compound or ionic species which can accept an electron pair from a donor compound

Lewis base British & World English

A compound or ionic species which can donate an electron pair to an acceptor compound

Carroll, Lewis British & World English

(1832–98), English writer; pseudonym of Charles Lutwidge Dodgson. He wrote the children’s classics Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland (1865) and Through the Looking Glass (1871), which were inspired by Alice Liddell, the young daughter of the dean at the Oxford college where Carroll was a mathematics lecturer

Mumford, Lewis British & World English

(1895–1990), US social philosopher. He was an expert on regional and city planning and wrote The Renewal of Life in four volumes (1934–51), The Culture of Cities (1938), The City in History (1961), and The Myth of the Machine (1967)

Day-Lewis, C. British & World English

(1904–72), English poet and critic; full name Cecil Day-Lewis. His early verse, such as Transitional Poem (1929), reflects the influence of revolutionary thinking. After 1940, however, he increasingly became a figure of the Establishment and was Poet Laureate 1968–72

Hamilton, Lewis British & World English

(B.1985), English motor-racing driver; full name Lewis Carl Davidson Hamilton. He won the Formula One world championship in 2008

Day-Lewis, Daniel British & World English

(1957-), English actor; full name Daniel Michael Blake Day-Lewis. His films include The Unbearable Lightness of Being (1988), My Left Foot (1989), Gangs of New York (2002), and Lincoln (2012)

Lewis and Harris British & World English

The largest and northernmost island of the Outer Hebrides in Scotland; chief town, Stornoway. The island, which is separated from the mainland by the Minch, consists of a northern part, Lewis, and a smaller and more mountainous southern part, Harris

Lewis with Harris British & World English

Another name for Lewis and Harris.

Stimson, Henry Lewis British & World English

(1867–1950), US lawyer and statesman. He served five presidents—as secretary of war under President Taft 1911–13, as governor-general of the Philippines under President Coolidge 1927–29, as secretary of state under President Hoover 1929–33, as secretary of war under President Franklin D. Roosevelt 1940–45, and as chief adviser on atomic policy under Presidents Roosevelt and Truman

Gibbon, Lewis Grassic British & World English

(1901–35), Scottish writer; pseudonym of James Leslie Mitchell. His short stories were regularly published in the Cornhill Magazine, and his novels include the trilogy A Scots Quair (1932-4)

Powell, Lewis Franklin British & World English

Jr. (1907–98), US Supreme Court associate justice 1972–87. Considered a moderate, he was appointed to the Court by President Nixon

Lewis and Clark Trail British & World English

The route of the Lewis and Clark expedition that explored the Louisiana Purchase from St. Louis in Missouri to the Pacific coast from 1804 until 1806. Official name Lewis and Clark National Historic Trail

Lewis with Harris in Lewis and Harris British & World English

The largest and northernmost island of the Outer Hebrides in Scotland; chief town, Stornoway. The island, which is separated from the mainland by the Minch, consists of a northern part, Lewis, and a smaller and more mountainous southern part, Harris

Cecil Day-Lewis in Day-Lewis, C. British & World English

(1904–72), English poet and critic; full name Cecil Day-Lewis. His early verse, such as Transitional Poem (1929), reflects the influence of revolutionary thinking. After 1940, however, he increasingly became a figure of the Establishment and was Poet Laureate 1968–72

Willkie, Wendell British & World English

(1892–1944) US politician and lawyer; full name Wendell Lewis Willkie. The Republican presidential candidate in 1940, he unsuccessfully ran against incumbent Franklin D. Roosevelt, who was running for his third term. He later supported Roosevelt’s war effort programs and policies

Abdul-Jabbar British & World English

Kareem, (1947-), US basketball player; former name Lewis Ferdinand Alcindor. He played professionally for the Milwaukee Bucks 1969–75 and the Los Angeles Lakers 1975–89 and holds several records

Lewis and Harris in Lewisian British & World English

Relating to or denoting the earlier stage of the Proterozoic aeon in NW Scotland, from about 2,500 to 1,100 million years ago, when the oldest rocks in Britain were deposited

Clive Staples Lewis in Lewis, C. S. British & World English

(1898–1963), British novelist, religious writer, and literary scholar; full name Clive Staples Lewis. He broadcast and wrote on religious and moral issues, and created the imaginary land of Narnia for a series of children’s books, which began with The Lion, the Witch, and the Wardrobe (1950)

Harry Sinclair Lewis in Lewis, Sinclair British & World English

(1885–1951), American novelist, known for satirical works such as Main Street (1920), Babbitt (1922), and Elmer Gantry (1927); full name Harry Sinclair Lewis. He was the first American writer to receive the Nobel Prize for Literature (1930)

Percy Wyndham Lewis in Lewis, Wyndham British & World English

(1882–1957), British novelist, critic, and painter, born in Canada; full name Percy Wyndham Lewis. He was a leader of the Vorticist movement, and with Ezra Pound edited the magazine Blast (1914–15). Notable novels: The Apes of God (1930)

Wendell Lewis Willkie in Willkie, Wendell British & World English

(1892–1944) US politician and lawyer; full name Wendell Lewis Willkie. The Republican presidential candidate in 1940, he unsuccessfully ran against incumbent Franklin D. Roosevelt, who was running for his third term. He later supported Roosevelt’s war effort programs and policies

Lewis Ferdinand Alcindor in Abdul-Jabbar British & World English

Kareem, (1947-), US basketball player; former name Lewis Ferdinand Alcindor. He played professionally for the Milwaukee Bucks 1969–75 and the Los Angeles Lakers 1975–89 and holds several records

Frederick Carleton Lewis in Lewis, Carl British & World English

(B.1961), American athlete; full name Frederick Carleton Lewis. He won Olympic gold medals in 1984, 1988, 1992, and 1996 (his ninth) for sprinting and the long jump, and broke the world record for the 100 metres on several occasions

Daniel Michael Blake Day-Lewis in Day-Lewis, Daniel British & World English

(1957-), English actor; full name Daniel Michael Blake Day-Lewis. His films include The Unbearable Lightness of Being (1988), My Left Foot (1989), Gangs of New York (2002), and Lincoln (2012)

Basil Lewis D’Oliveira in D'Oliveira, Basil British & World English

(1931–2011), British cricketer and coach, born in South Africa and of Cape coloured origin; full name Basil Lewis D’Oliveira. South Africa’s refusal to allow him into the country led to the cancellation of England’s 1968-9 tour and to South Africa’s subsequent banishment from Test cricket until the end of apartheid

Cecil Lewis Troughton Smith in Forester, C. S. British & World English

(1899–1966), English novelist; pseudonym of Cecil Lewis Troughton Smith. He is remembered for his seafaring novels set during the Napoleonic Wars, featuring Captain Horatio Hornblower

Lewis Carl Davidson Hamilton in Hamilton, Lewis British & World English

(B.1985), English motor-racing driver; full name Lewis Carl Davidson Hamilton. He won the Formula One world championship in 2008

Sir John Lewis Ernest Watts Mills in Mills, Sir John British & World English

(1908–2005), English actor; full name Sir John Lewis Ernest Watts Mills. He is best known for his roles in war and adventure films, such as Scott of the Antarctic (1948). He won an Oscar for his portrayal of a village idiot in Ryan’s Daughter (1971)

Lewis and Clark National Historic Trail in Lewis and Clark Trail British & World English

The route of the Lewis and Clark expedition that explored the Louisiana Purchase from St. Louis in Missouri to the Pacific coast from 1804 until 1806. Official name Lewis and Clark National Historic Trail

Lewis New Oxford Dictionary for Writers & Editors

C(live) S(taples) (1898–1963), British novelist and scholar


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