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maxwell British & World English

A unit of magnetic flux in the c.g.s. system, equal to that induced through one square centimetre by a perpendicular magnetic field of one gauss

Maxwell, Elsa British & World English

(1883–1963), US columnist and professional hostess. She was a legendary hostess for high society and royalty from the 1920s and began to write a syndicated gossip column during the 1940s

Maxwell, James Clerk British & World English

(1831–79), Scottish physicist. He extended the ideas of Faraday and Kelvin in his equations of electromagnetism and succeeded in unifying electricity and magnetism, identifying the electromagnetic nature of light, and postulating the existence of other electromagnetic radiation

Maxwell, Robert British & World English

(1923–91), Czech-born British publisher and media entrepreneur; born Jan Ludvik Hoch; full name Ian Robert Maxwell. He died in obscure circumstances while yachting off Tenerife; it subsequently emerged that he had misappropriated company pension funds

Maxwell in maxwell British & World English

A unit of magnetic flux in the c.g.s. system, equal to that induced through one square centimetre by a perpendicular magnetic field of one gauss

Maxwell in Maxwell–Boltzmann distribution British & World English

A formula describing the statistical distribution of particles in a system among different energy levels. The number of particles in a given energy level is proportional to exp (−EkT), where E is the energy of the level, k is Boltzmann’s constant, and T is the absolute temperature

Maxwell in Maxwell's demon British & World English

A hypothetical being imagined as controlling a hole in a partition dividing a gas-filled container into two parts, and allowing only fast-moving molecules to pass in one direction, and slow-moving molecules in the other. This would result in one side of the container becoming warmer and the other colder, in violation of the second law of thermodynamics

Maxwell in Maxwell's equations British & World English

A set of four linear partial differential equations which summarize the classical properties of the electromagnetic field

Anderson, Maxwell British & World English

(1888–1959), US playwright. His plays, many of which are written in verse, deal with social and moral problems. He also wrote many historical dramas. Notable works: Elizabeth the Queen (1930), Key Largo (1939), Anne of the Thousand Days (1948), and The Bad Seed (1954)

Maxwell's demon British & World English

A hypothetical being imagined as controlling a hole in a partition dividing a gas-filled container into two parts, and allowing only fast-moving molecules to pass in one direction, and slow-moving molecules in the other. This would result in one side of the container becoming warmer and the other colder, in violation of the second law of thermodynamics

Maxwell's equations British & World English

A set of four linear partial differential equations which summarize the classical properties of the electromagnetic field

Aitken, William Maxwell British & World English

See Beaverbrook, Max Aitken.

Maxwell–Boltzmann distribution British & World English

A formula describing the statistical distribution of particles in a system among different energy levels. The number of particles in a given energy level is proportional to exp (−EkT), where E is the energy of the level, k is Boltzmann’s constant, and T is the absolute temperature

Davies, Sir Peter Maxwell British & World English

(B.1934), English composer and conductor, influenced particularly by serialism and early English music. Notable works: Eight Songs for a Mad King (1969) and Taverner (1970)

Maxwell Davies, Sir Peter British & World English

See Davies, Sir Peter Maxwell.

Hirt, Al British & World English

(1922–99) US trumpeter; full name Alois Maxwell Hirt. At first noted for his Dixieland jazz, he later, during the 1960s, turned to playing more nonjazz music, such as in his Grammy-winning song “Java” (1964). From the 1970s he was based in New Orleans, his hometown, and performed in his own nightclub when not on tour. Albums of his music put together after his death include Music to Watch Girls By (2000) and Cocktail Hour (2000)

Ian Robert Maxwell in Maxwell, Robert British & World English

(1923–91), Czech-born British publisher and media entrepreneur; born Jan Ludvik Hoch; full name Ian Robert Maxwell. He died in obscure circumstances while yachting off Tenerife; it subsequently emerged that he had misappropriated company pension funds

Alois Maxwell Hirt in Hirt, Al British & World English

(1922–99) US trumpeter; full name Alois Maxwell Hirt. At first noted for his Dixieland jazz, he later, during the 1960s, turned to playing more nonjazz music, such as in his Grammy-winning song “Java” (1964). From the 1970s he was based in New Orleans, his hometown, and performed in his own nightclub when not on tour. Albums of his music put together after his death include Music to Watch Girls By (2000) and Cocktail Hour (2000)

John Maxwell Coetzee in Coetzee, J. M. British & World English

(B.1940), South African novelist; full name John Maxwell Coetzee. He won the Booker Prize with Life and Times of Michael K (1983) and Disgrace (1999), becoming the first author to win the prize twice, and in 2003 was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature

William Maxwell Aitken in Beaverbrook, Max Aitken British & World English

1st Baron (1879–1964), Canadian-born British Conservative politician and newspaper proprietor; full name William Maxwell Aitken. He bought the Daily Express in 1916 and increased its circulation to record levels. Beaverbrook was also Minister of Aircraft Production in Churchill’s cabinet (1940)

Maxwell New Oxford Dictionary for Writers & Editors

, James Clerk (1831–79), Scottish physicist