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organization British & World English

An organized group of people with a particular purpose, such as a business or government department

organization English Thesaurus

the organization of conferences and seminars

organization chart British & World English

A graphic representation of the structure of an organization showing the relationships of the positions or jobs within it

organization man British & World English

A man who lets his individuality and personal life be dominated by the organization he serves

World Trade Organization British & World English

An international body founded in 1995 to promote international trade and economic development by reducing tariffs and other restrictions

World Health Organization British & World English

An agency of the United Nations, established in 1948 to promote health and control communicable diseases. It assists in the efforts of member governments, and pursues biomedical research through some 500 collaborating research centres throughout the world. Its headquarters are in Geneva

health maintenance organization British & World English

(In the US) an organization which provides health care on the free market in return for a predetermined fixed insurance premium

International Labour Organization British & World English

An organization established in 1919 whose aim is to promote lasting peace through social justice, awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1969

Organization of African Unity British & World English

An association of African states founded in 1963 for mutual cooperation and the elimination of colonialism in Africa. In 2002 it was reconstituted as the African Union

Organization of American States British & World English

An association including most of the countries of North and South America, originally founded in 1890 for largely commercial purposes. From 1948 it has aimed to work for peace and prosperity in the region and to uphold the sovereignty of member nations. Its headquarters are in Washington DC

Palestine Liberation Organization British & World English

A political and military organization formed in 1964 to unite various Palestinian Arab groups and ultimately to bring about an independent state of Palestine. It was led by Yasser Arafat from 1968 until 2004

World Meteorological Organization British & World English

An agency of the United Nations, established in 1950 with the aim of facilitating worldwide cooperation in meteorological observations, research, and services. Its headquarters are in Geneva

Food and Agriculture Organization British & World English

An agency of the United Nations established in 1945 to secure improvements in the production and distribution of all food and agricultural products and to raise levels of nutrition. Its headquarters are in Rome

North Atlantic Treaty Organization British & World English

An association of European and North American states, formed in 1949 for the defence of Europe and the North Atlantic against the perceived threat of Soviet aggression. It includes most major Western powers, although France withdrew from the military side of the alliance in 1966

Ballistic Missile Defense Organization British & World English

Name given to Strategic Defense Initiative after 1993.

International Civil Aviation Organization British & World English

An agency of the United Nations, founded in 1947 to study problems of international civil aviation and establish standards and regulations

South East Asia Treaty Organization British & World English

A defence alliance which existed between 1954 and 1977 for countries of SE Asia and part of the SW Pacific, to further a US policy of containing Communism. Its members were Australia, Britain, France, New Zealand, Pakistan, the Philippines, Thailand, and the US

South West Africa People's Organization British & World English

A nationalist organization formed in Namibia in 1964-6 to oppose the illegitimate South African rule over the region. It waged a guerrilla campaign, operating largely from Angola; it eventually gained UN recognition, and won elections in 1989

World Intellectual Property Organization British & World English

An organization, established in 1967 and an agency of the United Nations from 1974, for cooperation between governments in matters concerning patents, trademarks, and copyright, and the transfer of technology between countries. Its headquarters are in Geneva

International Organization for Standardization British & World English

An organization founded in 1946 to standardize measurements for international industrial, commercial, and scientific purposes

Organization for European Economic Cooperation British & World English

An organization established in 1948 by sixteen western European countries to promote trade and stability. It was replaced by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development in 1961

Organization of Central American States British & World English

An association of Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, and Costa Rica founded in 1951 for economic and political cooperation

Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries British & World English

An association of Arab countries, founded in 1968 to promote economic cooperation and safeguard its members' interests and to ensure the supply of oil to consumer markets. Its headquarters are in Safat, Kuwait

Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries British & World English

An association of the thirteen major oil-producing countries, founded in 1960 to coordinate policies. Its headquarters are in Vienna

Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development British & World English

An organization formed in 1961 to assist the economy of its member nations and to promote world trade. Its members include the industrialized countries of western Europe together with Australia, Japan, New Zealand, and the US. Its headquarters are in Paris


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