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republic British & World English

A state in which supreme power is held by the people and their elected representatives, and which has an elected or nominated president rather than a monarch

Republic Day British & World English

The day on which the foundation of a republic is commemorated, in particular (in India) 26 January

banana republic British & World English

A small state that is politically unstable as a result of the domination of its economy by a single export controlled by foreign capital

Czech Republic British & World English

A country in central Europe; population 10,211,900 (est. 2009); official language, Czech; capital, Prague

Fifth Republic British & World English

The republican regime established in France with de Gaulle’s introduction of a new constitution in 1958

First Republic British & World English

The republican regime in France from the abolition of the monarchy in 1792 until Napoleon’s accession as emperor in 1804

Fourth Republic British & World English

The republican regime in France between the end of the Second World War (1945) and the introduction of a new constitution by Charles de Gaulle in 1958

Irish Republic British & World English

See Ireland, Republic of.

Khmer Republic British & World English

Former official name (1970–5) for Cambodia.

Kyrgyz Republic British & World English

Another name for Kyrgyzstan.

Roman Republic British & World English

The ancient Roman state from the expulsion of the Etruscan monarchs in 509 bc (see Tarquinius) until the assumption of power by Augustus (Octavian) in 27 bc

Second Republic British & World English

The republican regime in France from the deposition of King Louis Philippe (1848) to the beginning of the Second Empire (1852)

Third Republic British & World English

The republican regime in France between the fall of Napoleon III (1870) and the German occupation of 1940

Weimar Republic British & World English

The German republic of 1919–33, so called because its constitution was drawn up at Weimar. The republic was faced with huge reparation costs deriving from the Treaty of Versailles as well as soaring inflation and high unemployment. The 1920s saw a growth in support for right-wing groups and the Republic was eventually overthrown by the Nazi Party of Adolf Hitler

First Republic New Oxford Dictionary for Writers & Editors

the republican regime in France 1792–1804

Irish Republic New Oxford Dictionary for Writers & Editors

another name for the Ireland, Republic of

Khmer Republic New Oxford Dictionary for Writers & Editors

official name for Cambodia 1970–5

Weimar Republic New Oxford Dictionary for Writers & Editors

the German republic of 1919–33

Dominican Republic British & World English

A country in the Caribbean occupying the eastern part of the island of Hispaniola; population 9,650,100 (est. 2009); official language, Spanish; capital, Santo Domingo. The Dominican Republic is the former Spanish colony of Santo Domingo, the part of Hispaniola which Spain retained when it ceded the western portion (now Haiti) to France in 1697. It was proclaimed a republic in 1844

Malagasy Republic British & World English

Former name (1960–75) for Madagascar.

People's Republic British & World English

Used in the official title of several present or former communist or left-wing states

Dominican Republic New Oxford Dictionary for Writers & Editors

country in the Caribbean, the eastern part of the island of Hispaniola

China, Republic of British & World English

Official name for Taiwan.

Korea, Republic of British & World English

Official name for South Korea.

Sakha, Republic of British & World English

Official name for Yakutia.

Ireland, Republic of British & World English

A country comprising approximately four fifths of Ireland; population 4,203,200 (est. 2009); languages, Irish (official), English; capital, Dublin

United Arab Republic British & World English

A former political union established by Egypt and Syria in 1958. It was seen as the first step towards the creation of a pan-Arab union in the Middle East, but only Yemen entered into loose association with it (1958–66) and Syria withdrew in 1961. Egypt retained the name United Arab Republic until 1971

Ireland, Republic of New Oxford Dictionary for Writers & Editors

country comprising approximately four-fifths of Ireland;

United Arab Republic New Oxford Dictionary for Writers & Editors

former political union established by Egypt and Syria, latterly Egypt alone

Central African Republic British & World English

A country of central Africa; population 4,511,500 (est. 2009); languages, French (official), Sango; capital, Bangui. Formerly a French colony, it became a republic within the French Community in 1958 and a fully independent state in 1960

Mari Autonomous Republic British & World English

Another name for Mari El.

German Democratic Republic British & World English

Official name for the former state of East Germany (see Germany)

People's Republic of China British & World English

Official name (since 1949) of China.

German Democratic Republic New Oxford Dictionary for Writers & Editors

official name for the former state of East Germany

Congo, Democratic Republic of British & World English

A large equatorial country in central Africa with a short coastline on the Atlantic Ocean; population 68,692,500 (est. 2009); languages, French (official), Kongo, Lingala, Swahili, and others; capital, Kinshasa. Also called Congo-Kinshasa

Federal Republic of Germany British & World English

Former name for West Germany (see Germany)

Congo, Democratic Republic of New Oxford Dictionary for Writers & Editors

large country in central Africa; capital, Kinshasa;

Buryatia British & World English

An autonomous republic in SE Russia, between Lake Baikal and the Mongolian border; population 951,000 (est. 2009); capital, Ulan-Ude

Buryat Republic in Buryatia British & World English

An autonomous republic in SE Russia, between Lake Baikal and the Mongolian border; population 951,000 (est. 2009); capital, Ulan-Ude

Udmurtia New Oxford Dictionary for Writers & Editors

autonomous republic in central Russia


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