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spencer1 British & World English

A short, close-fitting jacket, worn by women and children in the early 19th century

Spencer New Oxford Dictionary for Writers & Editors

Herbert (1820–1903), English philosopher and sociologist

Spencer, Herbert British & World English

(1820–1903), English philosopher and sociologist. He sought to apply the theory of natural selection to human societies, developing social Darwinism and coining the phrase the ‘survival of the fittest’ (1864)

Spencer, Sir Stanley British & World English

(1891–1959), English painter. He is best known for his religious and visionary works in the modern setting of his native village of Cookham in Berkshire

Spencer in spencer1 British & World English

A short, close-fitting jacket, worn by women and children in the early 19th century

Spencer in Spencerian British & World English

Relating to a style of sloping handwriting widely taught in American schools from around 1850

Tracy, Spencer British & World English

(1900–67), American actor, particularly known for his screen partnership with Katharine Hepburn, with whom he co-starred in films such as Guess Who’s Coming to Dinner? (1967)

Perceval, Spencer British & World English

(1762–1812), British Tory statesman, Prime Minister 1809–12. He was shot dead in the lobby of the House of Commons by a bankrupt merchant who blamed the government for his insolvency

Gasser, Herbert Spencer British & World English

(1888–1963), American physiologist. Collaborating with Joseph Erlanger, he used an oscilloscope to show that the velocity of a nerve impulse is proportional to the diameter of the fibre. Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine (1944, shared with Erlanger)

Diana, Princess of Wales British & World English

(1961–97), former wife of Prince Charles; title before marriage Lady Diana Frances Spencer. The daughter of the 8th Earl Spencer, she married Prince Charles in 1981; the couple were divorced in 1996. She became a popular figure through her charity work and glamorous media appearances, and her death in a car crash in Paris gave rise to intense national mourning

Thomas Spencer in Marks, Simon British & World English

1st Baron Marks of Broughton (1888–1964), English businessman. In 1907 he inherited the Marks and Spencer Penny Bazaars established by his father and Thomas Spencer. These formed the nucleus of the retail chain Marks & Spencer, created in 1926

Henry Spencer Moore in Moore, Henry British & World English

(1898–1986), English sculptor and draughtsman; full name Henry Spencer Moore. His work is characterized by semi-abstract reclining forms, large upright figures, and family groups, which Moore intended to be viewed in the open air

Lady Diana Frances Spencer in Diana, Princess of Wales British & World English

(1961–97), former wife of Prince Charles; title before marriage Lady Diana Frances Spencer. The daughter of the 8th Earl Spencer, she married Prince Charles in 1981; the couple were divorced in 1996. She became a popular figure through her charity work and glamorous media appearances, and her death in a car crash in Paris gave rise to intense national mourning

Lady Diana Frances Spencer in Diana, Princess of Wales New Oxford Dictionary for Writers & Editors

(1961–97), former wife of Prince Charles; title before marriage Lady Diana Frances Spencer

Sir Charles Spencer Chaplin in Chaplin, Charlie British & World English

(1889–1977), English film actor and director; full name Sir Charles Spencer Chaplin. He directed and starred in many short silent comedies, mostly playing a bowler-hatted tramp, a character which was his trademark for more than twenty-five years. Notable films: The Kid (1921) and The Gold Rush (1925)

Sir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill in Churchill, Sir Winston British & World English

(1874–1965), British Conservative statesman, Prime Minister 1940-5 and 1951-5; full name Sir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill