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surgery British & World English

The treatment of injuries or disorders of the body by incision or manipulation, especially with instruments

day surgery British & World English

Minor surgery that does not require the patient to stay in hospital overnight

brain surgery British & World English

Surgery performed on the brain or other parts of the nervous system

heart surgery British & World English

Surgery performed on the heart

keyhole surgery British & World English

Minimally invasive surgery carried out through a very small incision, with special instruments and techniques including fibre optics

plastic surgery British & World English

The process of reconstructing or repairing parts of the body by the transfer of tissue, either in the treatment of injury or for cosmetic reasons

bariatric surgery British & World English

Surgical procedures performed on the stomach or intestines to induce weight loss

open-heart surgery British & World English

Surgery in which the heart is exposed and the blood made to bypass it

spare-part surgery British & World English

The treatment of organ failure by surgical transplantation or the insertion of artificial replacements

Tommy John surgery British & World English

A surgical procedure in which a healthy tendon extracted from an arm (or sometimes a leg) is used to replace an arm’s torn ligament. The healthy tendon is threaded through holes drilled into the bone above and below the elbow

microsurgery British & World English

Intricate surgery performed using miniaturized instruments and a microscope

psychosurgery British & World English

Brain surgery, such as leucotomy, used to treat mental disorder