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victor British & World English

A person who defeats an enemy or opponent in a battle, game, or other competition

victor English Thesaurus

a disastrous civil war from which no victor can emerge

Victor in Victrola British & World English

A kind of gramophone used particularly in the 1920s and 1930s

Hugo, Victor British & World English

(1802–85), French poet, novelist, and dramatist; full name Victor-Marie Hugo. A leading figure of French romanticism, he brought a new freedom to French poetry, and his belief that theatre should express both the grotesque and the sublime in human existence overturned existing conventions. His political and social concern is shown in his novels. Notable works: Hernani (drama, 1830) and Les Misérables (novel, 1862)

Borge, Victor British & World English

(1909–2000), US pianist; born in Denmark. He was noted for his clowning while playing classical music. His one-man show, Comedy in Music, began an 849-performance run on Broadway in 1953

Horta, Victor British & World English

(1861–1947), Belgian architect. He was a leading figure in art nouveau architecture and his work was notable for its innovative use of iron and glass

Herbert, Victor British & World English

(1859–1924), US composer, conductor, and cellist; born in Ireland. Among his light operas, or operettas, are Babes in Toyland (1903) and Naughty Marietta (1910). He conducted the Pittsburgh Symphony 1889–1904

victor ludorum British & World English

A boy or man who is the overall champion in a sports competition, especially at a school or college

Victor Emmanuel II British & World English

(1820–78), ruler of the kingdom of Sardinia 1849–61 and first king of united Italy 1861–78. He hastened the drive towards Italian unification by appointing Cavour as Premier of Piedmont in 1852. After being crowned king of Italy he added Venetia to the kingdom in 1866 and Rome in 1870

Gollancz, Sir Victor British & World English

(1893–1967), British publisher and philanthropist. A committed socialist, he founded the charity War on Want

Hess, Victor Francis British & World English

(1883–1964), Austrian-born American physicist; born Victor Franz Hess. He showed that some ionizing radiation (later termed cosmic rays) was extraterrestrial in origin but did not come from the sun. Nobel Prize for Physics (1936, shared with Carl David Anderson)

Victor Emmanuel III British & World English

(1869–1947), last king of Italy 1900–46. He invited Mussolini to form a government in 1922 and lost all political power. After the loss of Sicily to the Allies (1943), he acted to dismiss Mussolini and conclude an armistice

Vigny, Alfred Victor British & World English

Comte de (1797–1863), French poet, novelist, and dramatist. His poetry reveals his faith in ‘man’s unconquerable mind’. Other works include the play Chatterton (1835)

de Broglie, Louis-Victor British & World English

Prince (1892–1987), French physicist. He was the first to suggest that subatomic particles can also have the properties of waves, and his name is now applied to such a wave. He further developed the study of wave mechanics, which was fundamental to the subsequent development of quantum mechanics. Nobel Prize for Physics (1929)

Goldschmidt, Victor Moritz British & World English

(1888–1947), Swiss-born Norwegian chemist. Considered the founder of modern geochemistry, he carried out fundamental work on crystal structure, suggesting a law relating it to chemical composition

Appleton, Sir Edward Victor British & World English

(1892–1965), English physicist. He discovered a region of ionized gases (the Appleton layer) in the atmosphere above the Heaviside or E layer, and won the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1947

Victor Pasmore in Euston Road British & World English

Relating to or denoting a group of English post-impressionist realistic painters of the 1930s, whose members included William Coldstream (1908–87) and Victor Pasmore (1908–98)

Victor Franz Hess in Hess, Victor Francis British & World English

(1883–1964), Austrian-born American physicist; born Victor Franz Hess. He showed that some ionizing radiation (later termed cosmic rays) was extraterrestrial in origin but did not come from the sun. Nobel Prize for Physics (1936, shared with Carl David Anderson)

Victor-Marie Hugo in Hugo, Victor British & World English

(1802–85), French poet, novelist, and dramatist; full name Victor-Marie Hugo. A leading figure of French romanticism, he brought a new freedom to French poetry, and his belief that theatre should express both the grotesque and the sublime in human existence overturned existing conventions. His political and social concern is shown in his novels. Notable works: Hernani (drama, 1830) and Les Misérables (novel, 1862)

Eugene Victor Debs in Debs, Eugene V. British & World English

(1855–1926), US labor union leader; full name Eugene Victor Debs. A founding member of the International Labor Union and the Industrial Workers of the World, he ran for the US presidency five times as the Socialist Party candidate

Victor Sawdon Pritchett in Pritchett, Sir V. S. British & World English

(1900–97), English writer and critic; full name Victor Sawdon Pritchett. He is chiefly remembered for his short stories

Ferdinand Victor Eugène Delacroix in Delacroix, Eugène British & World English

(1798–1863), French painter, the chief painter of the French romantic school; full name Ferdinand Victor Eugène Delacroix. He is known for his use of vivid colour, free drawing, and exotic, violent, or macabre subject matter. Notable works: The Massacre at Chios (1824)

Patrick Victor Martindale White in White, Patrick British & World English

(1912–90), Australian novelist, born in Britain; full name Patrick Victor Martindale White. White’s reputation is chiefly based on the two novels The Tree of Man (1955) and Voss (1957). Nobel Prize for Literature (1973)

Louis Francis Albert Victor Nicholas Mountbatten in Mountbatten, Louis British & World English

1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma (1900–79), British admiral and administrator; full name Louis Francis Albert Victor Nicholas Mountbatten. He was supreme Allied commander in SE Asia (1943-5) and the last viceroy (1947) and first Governor General of India (1947-8). He was killed by an IRA bomb while on his yacht

Juan Carlos Victor María de Borbón y Borbón in Juan Carlos British & World English

(B.1938), grandson of Alfonso XIII, king of Spain 1975–2014; full name Juan Carlos Victor María de Borbón y Borbón. Franco’s chosen successor, he became king after Franco’s death. His reign saw Spain’s increasing liberalization and its entry into NATO and the European Community. In 2014 he abdicated in favour of his son Prince Felipe