bar; debar; disbar
The first two have closely related meanings. Bar means “to prevent (often by legal obstacle)”—e.g.:
“Legislative immunity does not, of course, bar all judicial review of legislative acts”
Powell v. McCormack, 395 U.S. 486, 503 (1969) (per Warren, C.J.).
“The court concluded that these warranty disclaimers did not necessarily bar a breach-of-contract claim … ”
Reynolds Metals Co. v. Westinghouse Elec. Corp., 758 F.2d 1073, 1077 (5th Cir. 1985).
“MDY Industries does not bar a gamer’s claim to virtual property by adverse possession”
Alisa B. Steinberg, For Sale—One Level 5 Barbarian for 94,800 Won: The International Effects of Virtual Property and the Legality of Its Ownership, 37 Ga. J. Int’l & Comp. L. 381, 416 (2009).
Bar serves also as a noun <a bar to all claims> <on-sale bar>. (
Debar, a somewhat archaic
“It would require very persuasive circumstances enveloping Congressional silence to debar this Court from re-examining its own doctrines”
Helvering v. Hallock, 309 U.S. 106, 119 (1940) (per Frankfurter, J.).
“[A court of record] has the power to amend its records, correct the mistakes of its clerk or other officers of the court, or to supply defects or omissions in the record, and no lapse of time will debar the court of the power to discharge this duty”
State v. Cannon, 94 S.E.2d 339, 342 (N.C. 1956).
“Here the application for a stay, unlike a motion to debar a court from applying a stay, is a disaffirmation of the proceeding below”
Peter Demkovitz, Kuwait Airways Corporation v. Iraqi Airways Company, the Independent, 27 October 1993 English Court of Appeals (Civil Division), 7 N.Y. Int’l L. Rev. 200, 203 (1994).
Disbar means “to expel from the legal profession” The corresponding nouns are debarment and disbarment.