18 Bibliography

18.3 Articles in periodicals

18.3.1 Introduction

A complete periodical citation requires author or editor details that relate to the article being cited, the article title, the journal title, volume information, date, and page range:

Schutte, Anne Jacobson, ‘Irene di Spilimbergo: The Image of a Creative Woman in Late Renaissance Italy’, Renaissance Quarterly, 44 (1991), 42–61.

Authors’ and editors’ names in periodical citations are treated the same as those for books.

If a paper has been submitted for publication but has not yet been accepted, it should not be listed in the bibliography, as it may be rejected. Refer to the paper in the running text as unpublished, in submission, or submitted for publication. Personal communications should be referred to as such in the running text, and omitted from the bibliography. If a paper has been accepted for publication it can be cited in the end list as in press; do not guess the publication date. It is worth checking an online citation index to find out if works cited as in press have been published in the interim (particularly if not one of the author’s own sources); if so, complete the publication details.

18.3.2 Article titles

Titles of articles—whether English or foreign—may be given in roman within single quotation marks; in some academic works quotation marks are omitted altogether. Quotation marks within quoted matter become double quotation marks:

Halil Inalcik, ‘Comments on “Sultanism”: Max Weber’s Typification of the Ottoman Polity’, Princeton Papers in Near Eastern Studies, 1 (1992), 49–72.
Pollard, A. F. ‘The Authenticity of the “Lords’ Journals” in the Sixteenth Century’, Transactions of the Royal Historical Society, 3rd ser., 8 (1914), 17–39.

Titles of journals, magazines, and newspapers appear in italic with maximal capitalization, regardless of language. If the title starts with a definite article this can be omitted, except when the title consists of the word The and only one other word:

Downing, Taylor and Andrew Johnston, ‘The Spitfire Legend’, History Today, 50/9 (2000), 19–25.
Drucker, Peter, ‘Really Reinventing Government’, Atlantic Monthly, 275/2 (1995), 49–61.
Greeley, A. W., ‘Will They Reach the Pole?’, McClure’s Magazine, 3/1 (1894), 39–44.
Henry James, ‘Miss Braddon’, The Nation (9 Nov. 1865).

See also 8.2.7.

18.3.3 Periodical volume numbers

Volume numbers are usually styled as Arabic numerals, but whatever you choose must be applied consistently: do not follow what is used by the journal itself.

Volumes usually span one academic or calendar year, but may occasionally cover a longer period of time. When a volume is published in issues or parts, some journals will separately paginate each issue, so that each new issue starts at page 1. Other publications paginate continuously through each volume, so that the first page number of a new issue continues from where the preceding issue left off. It is important to include issue numbers when citing separately paginated journals, because volume number and page number alone will not adequately guide a researcher to the appropriate location within the journal run. Although issue numbers are superfluous with continuously paginated journals, best practice is to include issue numbers nevertheless: the information is not in error, the citation remains consistent with neighbouring journal citations, and in formulating the citation there is no need for you to determine which pagination system the journal follows at any given time (some journals switch from one system to another over the history of their publication).

Part or issue numbers follow the volume number after a solidus:

Neale, Steve, ‘Masculinity as Spectacle’, Screen, 24/6 (1983), 2–12.
Garvin, David A., ‘Japanese Quality Management’, Columbia Journal of World Business, 19/3 (1984), 3–12.

Magazines and newspapers are often identified (and catalogued) by their date, rather than a volume number:

Lee, Alan, ‘England Haunted by Familiar Failings’, The Times (23 June 1995).
Putterman, Seth J., ‘Sonoluminescence: Sound into Light’, Scientific American (Feb. 1995), 32–7.

Some publishing houses prefer to distinguish magazine and newspaper publications from academic journals by not inserting the date between parentheses:

Blackburn, Roderic H., ‘Historic Towns: Restorations in the Dutch Settlement of Kinderhook’, Antiques, Dec. 1972, 1068–72.

Always follow the form used on the periodical itself: if the issue is designated Fall, do not change this to Autumn, nor attempt to adjust the season for the benefit of readers in another hemisphere, as the season forms part of the work’s description and is not an ad hoc designation.


Where there are several series of a journal the series information should appear before the volume number:

Moody, T. W., ‘Michael Davitt and the British Labour Movement, 1882–1906’, Transactions of the Royal Historical Society, 5th ser., 3 (1953), 53–76.
New series can be abbreviated either to ‘new ser.’ or ns in small capitals. Avoid os, which can mean either ‘original’ or ‘old’ series:
Barnes, J., ‘Homonymy in Aristotle and Speusippus’, Classical Quarterly, new ser., 21 (1971), 65–80.
Barnes, J., ‘Homonymy in Aristotle and Speusippus’, Classical
Quarterly, ns 21 (1971), 65–80.

18.3.4 Page numbers

As with chapters and essays in books, it is customary to end the citation with a page range showing the extent of a periodical article. This is particularly important when a through-paginated journal is cited without issue numbers, as it aids the reader in finding the article in a volume that has no single contents page. The page extent is also useful as an indicator of the scale and importance of the article. Whether or not to elide page ranges is a matter of house style; see 11.1.4 for guidance.

18.3.5 Reviews

Reviews are listed under the name of the reviewer; the place of publication and date of the book reviewed are helpful but not mandatory:

Ames-Lewis, F., review of Ronald Lightbown, Mantegna (Oxford, 1986), in Renaissance Studies, 1 (1987), 273–9.

If the review has a different title, cite that, followed by the name of the author and title of the book reviewed:

Porter, Roy, ‘Lion of the Laboratory’, review of Gerald L. Geison, The Private Science of Louis Pasteur (Princeton, 1995), in TLS (16 June 1995), 3–4.

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New Hart's Rules


Preface Editorial team Proofreading marks Glossary of printing and publishing terms