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do
British English: /duː/
American English: /du/

Translation of do in Arabic:

transitive verb/فعل متعد 3rd person present sing/مضارع مفرد مع ضمير الغائب does past tense/زمن الماضي did past participle/اسم المفعول done

  • 1 (to carry out)
    (Form I) (stem vowel = a) (Form I) (stem vowel = a) (a job, work)
    I'm doing the ironing
    أَقومُ بالكَيِّ
    will you do it for me?
    هل يُمْكِنُكَ أنْ تَفْعَلَ ذلك من أَجْلي؟
    are you doing anything tonight?
    هل تَعْتَزِمُ فِعْلَ شَيْءٍ هذا المَساءَ؟
    what can I do for you?
    ماذا يُمْكِنُني أنْ أَفْعَلَ لَكَ؟
  • 2 (to tidy, clean) See examples: to do one's hair to do one's nails
    سَوّى أَظافِرَهُ
    to do the dishes
    غَسَلَ الصُحونَ
  • 3 (to have an effect on)
    (stem vowel = a) (Form I) (stem vowel = a) (Form I)
    I must have done something to my back
    لا بُدَّ أَنَّني آذَيْتُ ظَهْري
    what have you done to her?
    ماذا فَعَلْتَ بِها؟
    that hat does nothing for her
    تلك القُبَّعةُ لا تُناسِبُها
  • 4 (to spend)
    (prisoners)
    قَضى في السِجْنِ
    (soldiers etc.) (Form IV) (a period of time)
    he did three years for robbery
    قَضى فَتْرةَ ثَلاثِ سَنَواتٍ في السِجْنِ لِقِيامِهِ بالسَرِقةِ
  • 5 (to study)
    (Form I) (stem vowel = u) (physics, Arabic)
    I did Russian at university
    دَرَسْتُ الروسيّةَ في الجامِعةِ
  • 6 (to work at)
    (stem vowel = a) (Form I)
    what does she do for a living?
    ماذا تَعْمَلُ لِكَسْبِ رِزْقِها؟
  • 7
    (to cook) (Form I) (stem vowel = a or u) (Form I) (stem vowel = a or u) (an omelette, bacon)
    (to prepare) (Form IV), (Form II) (the vegetables, salad)
    I'd like the steak well done
    أُحِبُّ شَريحةَ اللَحْمِ ناضِجةً
  • 8 (to provide)
    (Form II)
    they don't do travellers' cheques
    لا يُصْدِرونَ شيكاتِ المُسافِرينَ
    they do an excellent fish soup
    يُقَدِّمونَ حَساءَ سَمَكٍ مُمْتازاً
  • 10 [informal] (to imitate)
    (Form II) (a celebrity, somebody's voice)
    he does Tony Blair very well
    يُقَلِّدُ توني بْلير بِشَكْلٍ مُمْتازٍ
  • 11 (to travel)
    (stem vowel = a) (Form I)
    we've done 300 miles today
    قَطَعْنا 300 ميلٍ اليَوْمَ
  • 12 (to travel at)
    (Form I) (stem vowel = u)
    I was doing 70 miles an hour
    كُنْتُ أَقودُ السَيّارةَ بِسُرْعةِ 70 ميلاً في الساعةِ
  • 13 [informal] (to visit as a tourist)
    (stem vowel = u) (Form I)
  • 15 (British English/الإنكليزية البريطانية) [informal] (to cheat) See examples: we've been done!
    لَقَدْ اُحْتيلَ عَلَيْنا!
  • 16 (British English/الإنكليزية البريطانية) [informal] (to prosecute, convict) See examples: I got done for speeding
    لَقَدْ حوكِمْتُ بِتُهْمةِ تَجاوُزِ السُرْعةِ

intransitive verb/فعل غير متعد 3rd person present sing/مضارع مفرد مع ضمير الغائب does past tense/زمن الماضي did past participle/اسم المفعول done

  • 1 (to behave)
    (Form I) (stem vowel = a)
    do as you're told!
    افْعَلْ كَما يُقالُ لَكَ!
    well done!
    أَحْسَنْتَ!
  • 2 (to get on) See examples: how did you do in your exams?
    كيف كانَت امْتِحاناتُكَ؟
    how are we doing for time?
    كم بَقِيَ من الوَقْتِ؟
    the patient is doing well
    يَتَحَسَّنُ المَريضُ بِشَكْلٍ مُسْتَمِرٍّ
    she's done well for herself
    أَحْسَنَتْ صَنيعاً بِنَفْسِها
  • 3 (to be suitable, acceptable)
    (Form III)
    that box will do
    ذلك الصُنْدوقُ يَفي بالغَرَضِ
    this really won't do!
    هذا غَيْرُ مَقْبولٍ!
  • 5 [informal] (to finish)
    (Form VIII)
    are you done?
    هل انْتَهَيْتَ؟
    just tell her and have or be done with it
    اعْتَرِفْ لَها وَانْتَهِ من ذلك

auxiliary verb/فعل مساعد 3rd person present sing/مضارع مفرد مع ضمير الغائب does past tense/زمن الماضي did past participle/اسم المفعول done

  • 1 (in questions, negatives) See examples:did you speak to him?
    هل تَكَلَّمْتَ مَعَهُ؟
    I didn't speak to him
    لم أَتَكَلَّمْ مَعَهُ
    doesn't she look beautiful?
    أَلَيْسَتْ تَبْدو جَميلةً؟
    what did she say?
    ماذا قالَتْ؟
    don't you like it?
    أَلا تُحِبُّهُ؟
  • 2 (in place of a main verb) See examples:you play better than I do
    تَلْعَبُ بِشَكْلٍ أَفْضَلَ مِنّي
    he likes the house and so do I
    يُعْجِبُهُ البَيْتُ كَما يُعْجِبُني
    ‘who wrote it?’ — ‘I did’
    'مَنْ كَتَبَهُ؟' - 'أنا'
    'I know who did it' — 'do you?'
    'أنا أَعْرِفُ مَنْ فَعَلَها' - 'فِعْلاً؟'
    he wanted to live there, but she didn't
    أَرادَ أنْ يَعيشَ هُناكَ، وَلَكِنَّها لم تُرِدْ ذلك
  • 3 (for emphasis) See examples:do sit down
    تَفَضَّل اجْلِسْ
    do shut up! I do wish you'd let me help you
    وَدِدْتُ لو سَمَحْتَ لي بِأَنْ أُساعِدَكَ
    you must admit, she did look ill
    يَجِبُ أنْ تَعْتَرِفَ، لَقَدْ بَدَتْ مَريضةً بالفِعْلِ
  • 4 (in tag questions) See examples:he lives in Tripoli, doesn't he?
    يَعيشُ في طَرابُلُسَ، أَلَيْسَ كَذَلِكَ؟
    you didn't believe him, did you?
    لم تُصَدِّقْهُ، أَلَيْسَ كَذَلِكَ؟

noun/اسم plural/جمع dos

  • (British English/الإنكليزية البريطانية) [informal] his leaving do is tomorrow
    حَفْلةُ وَداعِهِ غَداً

Idioms

dos and don'ts

قَواعِد وَأَحْكام
أَوامِر وَنَواهٍ

that does it!

[informal]
طَفَحَ الكَيْلُ!

that's done it!

[informal] (ها هو ذا قد فَسَدَ الأَمْرُ!)

Phrasal verbs

do away with

do away with [something]
تَخَلَّصَ من [شَيْءٍ]
(a system, an organization)
اسْتَغْنى عن [شَيْءٍ]
(the need for something)

do in

[informal]
do [somebody] in 1 (to kill)
قَضى على [شَخْصٍ]
تَخَلَّصَ من [شَخْصٍ]
2 (to tire out) See examples: by the end of it I was done in
كُنْتُ مُرْهَقاً بِنِهايةِ ذلك

do out of

[informal]
to do do somebody out of something

do up

(dress, coat)
زُرِّرَ
do [something] up, do up [something] 1
(a necklace, one's shoelaces)
2 (to wrap) 3 (British English/الإنكليزية البريطانية) [informal] (to renovate)
do [somebody] up [informal]she was all done up and ready to go out
كانَتْ مُهَنْدَمةً وَجاهِزةً للخُروجِ

do with

do with [something/somebody] 1 (expressing connection)
كانَ لَهُ عَلاقةٌ ب [شَيْءٍ \ شَخْصٍ]
I'm sure he had something to do with it
أنا مُتَأَكِّدٌ أنّ لَهُ عَلاقةٌ بِهَذا الأَمْرِ
what's that got to do with it?
ما عَلاقةُ ذلك بِما نَحْنُ فيهِ؟
what's it got to do with you?
ما عَلاقَتُكَ بالأَمْرِ؟
2 (to benefit from)
احْتاجَ إلى [شَيْءٍ \ شَخْصٍ]
I could do with a drink/a holiday
أَحْتاجُ إلى مَشْروبٍ \ عُطْلةٍ
3 (British English/الإنكليزية البريطانية) [informal] (to tolerate) See examples: I can't be doing with all this new technology
لا يُمْكِنُني تَحَمُّلُ كُلِّ هذه التِكْنولوجِيا الحَديثةِ

do without

do without [somebody/something]
دَبَّرَ أَمْرَهُ بِدونِ [شَخْصٍ \ شَيْءٍ]
(luxuries, somebody's help)

Definition of do in:

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