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keep

Pronunciation: /kiːp/

Translation of keep in Arabic:

transitive verb/فعل متعد (past tense/زمن الماضي, past participle/اسم المفعول kept)

  • 2 (to store) احْتَفَظَ (VIII) (+ ب) [the plates] [tools] [money] where do you keep your papers? أَيْنَ تَحْتَفِظُ بِأَوْراقِكَ؟
  • 4 (not to lose) احْتَفَظَ (VIII) (+ ب) [one's job] [(parliamentary) seat] cotton keeps its colour/shape يَحْتَفِظُ القُطْنُ بِلَوْنِهِ \ بِشَكْلِهِ
  • 5 (to detain) to keep sb waiting تَرَكَ شَخْصاً يَنْتَظِرُ I won't keep you لن أُطيلَ عَلَيْكَ she was kept in hospital for observation أَبْقوها في المُسْتَشْفى تحت المُلاحَظةِ
  • 8 (to sustain) to keep sth going أَبْقى على شَيْءٍ [a conversation] [fire] make me some sandwiches to keep me going حَضِّرْ لي بَعْضَ الشَطائِرِ لِتُعينَني على الاسْتِمْرارِ
  • 10 (to prevent) to keep sb from doing sth حالَ بين شَخْصٍ وَبَيْنَ فِعْلِ شَيْءٍ
  • 12 (to conceal)to keep a letter/document from sb أَخْفى رِسالةً \ وَثيقةً عن شَخْصٍ
  • 13 [music/الموسيقى] to keep time حافَظَ على الإيقاعِ

intransitive verb/فعل غير متعد

  • 1 (to continue) to keep doing sth اسْتَمَرَّ في فِعْلِ شَيْءٍ to keep going اسْتَمَرَّ (X)
  • 2to keep warm ظَلَّ \ بَقِيَ دافِئاً to keep calm ظَلَّ \ بَقِيَ هادِئاً to keep silent ظَلَّ \ بَقِيَ صامِتاً
  • 3 (to remain edible) [vegetables] [fruit] [milk] ظَلَّ صالِحاً للاسْتِهْلاكِ
  • 4 [informal/غير رسمي] (regarding health) how are you keeping? كيف حالُكَ؟ she's keeping well هي بِخَيْرٍ

reflexive verb/فعل انعكاسي

noun/اسم

  • 1 (living expenses) تَكاليف \ مَصاريف المَعيشةِ to pay for one's keep دَفَعَ تَكاليفَ \ مَصاريفَ مَعيشَتِهِ

adverbial phrase/عبارة ظرفية

  • (for keeps)
    للأَبَدِ, أَبَداً it's ours for keeps هو لَنا \ مِلْكُنا للأَبَدِ

Phrasal verbs

keep away

(not come near) بَقِيَ بَعيداً keep away from sb/sth ابْتَعَدَ عن شَخْصٍ \ شَيْءٍ
keep [sb/sth] away (for safety) أَبْقى [شَخْصاً \ شَيْئاً] بَعيداً [the baby] [iron]

keep back

(to stay back) بَقِيَ بَعيداً
keep [sb/sth] backkeep back [sb/sth] (to restrain) أَبْقى [شَخْصاً \ شَيْئاً] بَعيداً [the crowd] [demonstrators] 1.1 (to detain) لم يَسْمَحْ ل [شَخْصٍ] بالمُغادَرةِ [a person] [visitor] 1.2 (not reveal) أَخْفى [شَيْئاً] [the facts] [truth] 1.3 (to retain) حَجَزَ [شَيْئاً] [the money] [sb's share]

keep down

keep [sth] down (not allow to rise) أَبْقى [شَيْئاً] مُنْخَفِضاً [inflation] [speed] [your voice] try to keep your weight down احْرِصْ على عَدَمِ زِيادةِ وَزْنِكَ 1.1 (in one's stomach) احْتَفَظَ ب [شَيْءٍ] [food] 1.2 (to repress) أَخْضَعَ \ قَمَعَ [شَيْئاً] [the people] [dissent]

keep in

(by the roadside) [car] [cyclist] سارَ قَريباً من الرَصيفِ
keep [sb/sth] in (not allow to go) حَجَزَ [شَخْصاً \ شَيْئاً] [a patient] [an animal] they're keeping her in يَحْجِزونَها في المُسْتَشْفى keep the cat in أَبْقِ القِطّةَ في الداخِلِ 1.1 (not allow to come out) احْتَفَظَ ب [شَيْءٍ], أَبْقى [شَيْئاً] في مَكانِهِ [dentures] [contact lenses] 1.2 (to restrain) شَدَّ [شَيْئاً] [your stomach] حافَظَ على [شَيْءٍ] مَشْدوداً إلى الداخِلِ [elbows] 1.3 (after classes) مَنَعَ [شَخْصاً] من الخُروجِ [a pupil] [class]

keep off

keep off [sth] (to stay off) ابْتَعَدَ عن [شَيْءٍ] [the grass] [land] 1.1 (to avoid) تَجَنَّبَ [شَيْئاً], ابْتَعَدَ عن [شَيْءٍ] [alcohol] [fats] [sugar] 1.2 (not mention) تَجَنَّبَ الحَديثَ عن [شَيْءٍ] [the subject] [politics] [religion]
keep [sth] offkeep off [sth] (to protect from) أَبْقى [شَيْئاً] بَعيداً [the rain] [insects]

keep on

(to continue) اسْتَمَرَّ (X) (+ في) to keep on about sth اسْتَمَرَّ في الحَديثِ عن شَيْءٍ to keep on at sb to do sth أَلَحَّ على شَخْصٍ في فِعْلِ شَيْءٍ
keep [sth] on بَقِيَ يَرْتَدي [شَيْئاً] [one's hat] [shoes] 1.1 ظَلَّ في [شَيْءٍ] [an apartment]
keep [sb] on (in employment) أَبْقى [شَخْصاً] في العَمَلِ

keep out

بَقِيَ \ ظَلَّ في الخارِجِ ‘keep out!’ ’مَمْنوعٌ الدُخولُ!‘

keep out of

(to avoid) تَجَنَّبَ (V), ابْتَعَدَ (VIII) (+ عن) to keep out of the rain تَجَنَّبَ المَطَرَ 1.1 (to stand back) تَجَنَّبَ (V), تَفادى (VI) [an argument] to keep out of sb's way ابْتَعَدَ عن طَريقِ شَخْصٍ

keep to

keep to [sth] (not deviate from) بَقِيَ في \ ظَلَّ على [شَيْءٍ] [the road]; تَقَيَّدَ \ الْتَزَمَ ب [شَيْءٍ] [the facts] [law] [plan]
keep sb to [sth] (with obligations) أَلْزَمَ شَخْصاً بالوَفاءِ ب [شَيْءٍ] [a promise]
keep [sth] to [sth] (with restrictions) لم يَدَعْ [شَيْئاً] يَتَجاوَزُ [شَيْئاً] [a number] keep the number of guests to 50 لا تَدَعْ عَدَدَ الضُيوفِ يَتَجاوَزُ الخَمْسينَ keep this to yourself أَبْقِ هذا سِرًّا

keep up

keep up [cars] [runners] حافَظَ على نَفْسِ السُرْعةِ
keep [sb] up (at night) أَبْقى [شَخْصاً] ساهِراً
keep [sth] upkeep up [sth] (to support) أَبْقى [شَيْئاً] في مَكانِهِ [one's trousers]; دَعَمَ [شَيْئاً] [the wall]
keep [sth] up (to continue) اسْتَمَرَّ في [شَيْءٍ] [your studies] [a correspondence]; أَبْقى على [شَيْءٍ] [your membership] keep up the pressure on them اسْتَمِرَّ في الضَغْطِ عَلَيْهِمْ he keeps up his French by going to evening classes يُحافِظُ على مُسْتَواهُ في الفَرَنْسيّةِ بالذَهابِ إلى دُروسٍ مَسائيّةٍ

keep up with

keep up with [sb/sth] (in tempo) سايَرَ [شَخْصاً \ شَيْئاً] [a car] [the class] [demand] 1.1 (mentally) واكَبَ [شَخْصاً \ شَيْئاً] [the fashions] [developments]

Definition of keep in:

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