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keep
British English: /kiːp/
American English: /kip/

Translation of keep in Arabic:

transitive verb/فعل متعد past tense/زمن الماضي, past participle/اسم المفعول kept

  • 2
    (to store)
    احْتَفَظَ (+ ب) (the plates, tools, money)
    where do you keep your papers?
    أَيْنَ تَحْتَفِظُ بِأَوْراقِكَ؟
  • 4 (not to lose)
    احْتَفَظَ (+ ب) (one's job, (parliamentary) seat)
    cotton keeps its colour/shape
    يَحْتَفِظُ القُطْنُ بِلَوْنِهِ \ بِشَكْلِهِ
  • 5 (to detain)to keep somebody waiting
    تَرَكَ شَخْصاً يَنْتَظِرُ
    I won't keep you
    لن أُطيلَ عَلَيْكَ
    she was kept in hospital for observation
    أَبْقوها في المُسْتَشْفى تحت المُلاحَظةِ
  • 8 (to sustain) to keep something going
    أَبْقى على شَيْءٍ (a conversation, fire)
    make me some sandwiches to keep me going
    حَضِّرْ لي بَعْضَ الشَطائِرِ لِتُعينَني على الاسْتِمْرارِ
  • 10 (to prevent)to keep somebody from doing something
    حالَ بين شَخْصٍ وَبَيْنَ فِعْلِ شَيْءٍ
  • 12 (to conceal)to keep a letter/document from somebody
    أَخْفى رِسالةً \ وَثيقةً عن شَخْصٍ
  • 13 (music/الموسيقى)to keep time
    حافَظَ على الإيقاعِ

intransitive verb/فعل غير متعد

  • 1 (to continue)to keep doing something
    اسْتَمَرَّ في فِعْلِ شَيْءٍ
    to keep going
  • 2to keep warm
    ظَلَّ \ بَقِيَ دافِئاً
    to keep calm
    ظَلَّ \ بَقِيَ هادِئاً
    to keep silent
    ظَلَّ \ بَقِيَ صامِتاً
  • 3
    (to remain edible) (vegetables, fruit, milk)
    ظَلَّ صالِحاً للاسْتِهْلاكِ
  • 4 [informal] (regarding health) how are you keeping?
    كيف حالُكَ؟
    she's keeping well
    هي بِخَيْرٍ

reflexive verb/فعل انعكاسي

noun/اسم

  • 1
    (living expenses)
    تَكاليف \ مَصاريف المَعيشةِ
    to pay for one's keep
    دَفَعَ تَكاليفَ \ مَصاريفَ مَعيشَتِهِ

adverbial phrase/عبارة ظرفية

  • also: for keeps
    للأَبَدِ
    أَبَداً
    it's ours for keeps
    هو لَنا \ مِلْكُنا للأَبَدِ

Phrasal verbs

keep away

(not come near)
بَقِيَ بَعيداً
keep away from somebody/something
ابْتَعَدَ عن شَخْصٍ \ شَيْءٍ
keep [somebody/something] away
(for safety)
أَبْقى [شَخْصاً \ شَيْئاً] بَعيداً (the baby, iron)

keep back

(to stay back)
بَقِيَ بَعيداً
keep [somebody/something] back, keep back [somebody/something] 1
(to restrain)
أَبْقى [شَخْصاً \ شَيْئاً] بَعيداً (the crowd, demonstrators)
2
(to detain)
لم يَسْمَحْ ل [شَخْصٍ] بالمُغادَرةِ (a person, visitor)
3 (not reveal)
أَخْفى [شَيْئاً] (the facts, truth)
4 (to retain)
حَجَزَ [شَيْئاً] (the money, somebody's share)

keep down

keep [something] down 1 (not allow to rise)
أَبْقى [شَيْئاً] مُنْخَفِضاً (inflation, speed, your voice)
try to keep your weight down
احْرِصْ على عَدَمِ زِيادةِ وَزْنِكَ
2
(in one's stomach)
احْتَفَظَ ب [شَيْءٍ] (food)
3 (to repress)
أَخْضَعَ \ قَمَعَ [شَيْئاً] (the people, dissent)

keep in

(by the roadside) (car, cyclist)
سارَ قَريباً من الرَصيفِ
keep [somebody/something] in 1
(not allow to go)
حَجَزَ [شَخْصاً \ شَيْئاً] (a patient, an animal)
they're keeping her in
يَحْجِزونَها في المُسْتَشْفى
keep the cat in
أَبْقِ القِطّةَ في الداخِلِ
2
(not allow to come out)
احْتَفَظَ ب [شَيْءٍ]
أَبْقى [شَيْئاً] في مَكانِهِ (dentures, contact lenses)
3
(to restrain)
شَدَّ [شَيْئاً] (your stomach)
حافَظَ على [شَيْءٍ] مَشْدوداً إلى الداخِلِ (elbows)
4
(after classes)
مَنَعَ [شَخْصاً] من الخُروجِ (a pupil, class)

keep off

keep off [something] 1
(to stay off)
ابْتَعَدَ عن [شَيْءٍ] (the grass, land)
2
(to avoid)
تَجَنَّبَ [شَيْئاً]
ابْتَعَدَ عن [شَيْءٍ] (alcohol, fats, sugar)
3
(not mention)
تَجَنَّبَ الحَديثَ عن [شَيْءٍ] (the subject, politics, religion)
keep [something] off, keep off [something]
(to protect from)
أَبْقى [شَيْئاً] بَعيداً (the rain, insects)

keep on

(to continue)
اسْتَمَرَّ (+ في)
to keep on about something
اسْتَمَرَّ في الحَديثِ عن شَيْءٍ
to keep on at somebody to do something
أَلَحَّ على شَخْصٍ في فِعْلِ شَيْءٍ
keep [something] on 1
بَقِيَ يَرْتَدي [شَيْئاً] (one's hat, shoes)
2
ظَلَّ في [شَيْءٍ] (an apartment)
keep [somebody] on
(in employment)
أَبْقى [شَخْصاً] في العَمَلِ

keep out

بَقِيَ \ ظَلَّ في الخارِجِ
‘keep out!’
’مَمْنوعٌ الدُخولُ!‘

keep out of

1 to keep out of the rain
تَجَنَّبَ المَطَرَ
2
(to stand back)
تَجَنَّبَ,
تَفادى (an argument)
to keep out of somebody's way
ابْتَعَدَ عن طَريقِ شَخْصٍ

keep to

keep to [something]
(not deviate from)
بَقِيَ في \ ظَلَّ على [شَيْءٍ] (the road)
تَقَيَّدَ \ الْتَزَمَ ب [شَيْءٍ] (the facts, law, plan)
keep somebody to [something]
(with obligations)
أَلْزَمَ شَخْصاً بالوَفاءِ ب [شَيْءٍ] (a promise)
keep [something] to [something]
(with restrictions)
لم يَدَعْ [شَيْئاً] يَتَجاوَزُ [شَيْئاً] (a number)
keep the number of guests to 50
لا تَدَعْ عَدَدَ الضُيوفِ يَتَجاوَزُ الخَمْسينَ
keep this to yourself
أَبْقِ هذا سِرًّا

keep up

keep up
(cars, runners)
حافَظَ على نَفْسِ السُرْعةِ
keep [somebody] up
(at night)
أَبْقى [شَخْصاً] ساهِراً
keep [something] up, keep up [something]
(to support)
أَبْقى [شَيْئاً] في مَكانِهِ (one's trousers)
keep [something] up
(to continue)
اسْتَمَرَّ في [شَيْءٍ] (your studies, a correspondence)
أَبْقى على [شَيْءٍ] (your membership)
keep up the pressure on them
اسْتَمِرَّ في الضَغْطِ عَلَيْهِمْ
he keeps up his French by going to evening classes
يُحافِظُ على مُسْتَواهُ في الفَرَنْسيّةِ بالذَهابِ إلى دُروسٍ مَسائيّةٍ

keep up with

keep up with [somebody/something] 1
(in tempo)
سايَرَ [شَخْصاً \ شَيْئاً] (a car, the class, demand)
2
(mentally)
واكَبَ [شَخْصاً \ شَيْئاً] (the fashions, developments)

Definition of keep in:

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