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lay

Pronunciation: /leɪ/

Translation of lay in Arabic:

transitive verb/فعل متعد (past tense/زمن الماضي, past participle/اسم المفعول laid)

  • 1 (to place) وَضَعَ (stem vowel = a) (I) [one's hand] [a letter] [baby] she laid the baby in the cot وَضَعَت الرَضيعَ في المَهْدِ he laid his hand on her shoulder وَضَعَ يَدَهُ على كَتِفِها to lay the cards face down وَضَعَ الوَرَقاتِ مَقْلوبةً to lay hands on sb/sth عَثَرَ على شَخْصٍ \ شَيْءٍ
  • 2 (to spread out) بَسَطَ (stem vowel = u) (I), فَرَشَ (stem vowel = i) (I) [a towel] [blanket] [newspaper] he laid a blanket over the body فَرَشَ بَطّانيّةً على الجُثّةِ
  • 6 (to put down on surface) رَصَّ (I) (stem vowel = u) [bricks] [tiles]; بَسَطَ (I) (stem vowel = u) [a carpet]; (to put down underground) دَفَنَ (I) (stem vowel = i) [a cable] [sewer] they laid mines along the shore زَرَعوا أَلْغاماً على طولِ الشاطِئِ
  • 7 (to draw up) وَضَعَ (stem vowel = a) (I) [a plan] [foundations]; نَصَبَ (stem vowel = u) (I) [a trap] the plan aims to lay the foundations for economic recovery تَهْدُفُ الخُطّةُ إلى وَضْعِ الأُسُسِ لِتَحْقيقِ الانْتِعاشِ الاقْتِصاديِّ
  • 8 [formal/رسمي], (to bring forward) وَجَّهَ (II) [a charge]; قَدَّمَ (II) [a complaint] to lay the blame for a mistake on sb أَلْقى باللَوْمِ في خَطَأٍ على شَخْصٍ to lay great stress on sth أَوْلى شَيْئاً اهْتِماماً كَبيراً
  • 9 (to call down)to lay a curse/spell on sb أَصابَ شَخْصاً بِلَعْنةٍ \ بِسِحْرٍ

intransitive verb/فعل غير متعد (past tense/زمن الماضي, past participle/اسم المفعول laid)

past tense

adjective/صفة

  • 1 (unordained) [preacher] [member] غَيْر إكْليريكيٍّ
  • 2 (non-specialist) [assessor] [magistrate] غَيْر مُتَخَصِّصٍ, عاديّ the lay reader/person القارِئ \ الشَخْص العاديّ

Idioms

to lay a finger or hand on sb

مَسَّ شَخْصاً بِأَذًى

Phrasal verbs

lay aside

lay aside [sth]lay [sth] aside (to put to one side) نَحّى [شَيْئاً] جانِباً [a book] [toy] [one's sewing] 1.1 (to give up) نَحّى [شَيْئاً] جانِباً [one's differences] [principles] [a doubt] 1.2 (to save) ادَّخَرَ [شَيْئاً] [food] [money]

lay before

lay [sth] before sb طَرَحَ \ عَرَضَ [شَيْئاً] على شَخْصٍ [a case] [the facts] [evidence] to lay a bill before parliament/congress عَرَضَ مُقْتَرَحَ قانونٍ على البَرْلَمان \ الكونْجْرِس

lay by

lay by [sth]lay [sth] by ادَّخَرَ [شَيْئاً] [money] [provisions]

lay down

lay down [sth]lay [sth] down (to put down) وَضَعَ [شَيْئاً] [a baby] [the keys] [a suitcase] I laid the papers down on his desk وَضَعْتُ الأَوْراقَ على مَكْتَبِهِ to lay down one's arms أَلْقى سِلاحَهُ 1.1 (to stop using) تَرَكَ [شَيْئاً] [spade] [book] 1.2 (to sacrifice) to lay down one's life for sb/sth ضَحّى بِحَياتِهِ من أَجْلِ شَخْصٍ \ شَيْءٍ 1.3 (to establish) وَضَعَ [شَيْئاً] [a rule] [procedure] [condition] it was laid down that … تَمَّ النَصُّ على أنّ ...

lay in

lay in [sth] خَزَّنَ [شَيْئاً] [food] [drink] [firewood]

lay into

lay into [sb] (to attack physically) هاجَمَ [شَخْصاً]; (verbally) انْتَقَدَ [شَخْصاً]

lay off

lay off [sb]lay [sb] off (to dismiss permanently) سَرَّحَ [شَخْصاً]; (temporarily) أَوْقَفَ [شَخْصاً] عن العَمَلِ
lay off [sth] [informal/غير رسمي], (to stop using) تَوَقَّفَ عن [شَيْءٍ] [alcohol] [fatty foods] [criticism] to lay off drinking/smoking تَوَقَّفَ عن الشُرْبِ \ التَدْخينِ
lay off [sb] [informal/غير رسمي], (to leave alone) كَفَّ عن التَعَرُّضِ ل [شَخْصٍ]

lay on

lay on [sth]lay [sth] on (to provide) وَفَّرَ [شَيْئاً] [transport]; قَدَّمَ [شَيْئاً] [a meal] [entertainment] 1.1 (British English/الإنكليزية البريطانية) (to install) وَصَّلَ [شَيْئاً] [gas] [electricity]

lay out

lay [sth] outlay out [sth] (to put on display) عَرَضَ [شَيْئاً] [goods] [documents] [food] 1.1 (to unfold) بَسَطَ \ فَتَحَ [شَيْئاً] [a map] 1.2 (to design architecturally) وَضَعَ تَصْميماً مِعْماريًّا ل [شَيْءٍ] [a town] [garden]; (typographically) صَمَّمَ [شَيْئاً] [a magazine] [an advertisement] [the illustrations] 1.3 (to state) عَرَضَ \ ذَكَرَ [شَيْئاً] [one's reasons] [demands] 1.4 [informal/غير رسمي], (to spend) أَنْفَقَ [شَيْئاً] [a fortune] [sum of money]
lay out [sb]lay [sb] out (for burial) أَعَدَّ [شَخْصاً] للدَفْنِ [a corpse] 1.1 [informal/غير رسمي], (in fighting) ضَرَبَ [شَخْصاً] وَأَفْقَدَهُ الوَعْيَ [a boxer] [an attacker]

lay up

lay up [sth]lay [sth] up (to store) خَزَّنَ [شَيْئاً] [food] [supplies] 1.1 (to accumulate) تَرَكَ [شَيْئاً] يَتَراكَمُ [trouble] [problems]
lay [sb] up جَعَلَ [شَخْصاً] طَريحَ الفِراشِ to be laid up with an illness/injury كانَ طَريحَ الفِراشِ بِسَبَبِ مَرَضٍ \ إصابةٍ

Definition of lay in:

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