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set

Pronunciation: /sɛt/

Translation of set in Arabic:

noun/اسم

  • 1 (of keys, stamps, data) مَجْموعة (plural: مَجْموعات, plural: مَجاميعُ); (of cutlery, crockery) طَقْم (plural: طُقوم) a clean set of clothes مَجْموعة نَظيفة من المَلابِسِ they're sold in sets of 10 تُباعُ في مَجْموعاتٍ من 10 قِطَعٍ a set of fingerprints بَصَمات أَصابِعِ اليَدَيْنِ a set of traffic lights إشارة مُرورٍ
  • 2 (kit, game) مَجْموعة (plural: مَجْموعات, plural: مَجاميعُ) a chess set([ قِطَع وَلَوْحة الشَطْرَنْج ]) مَجْموعة الشَطْرَنْج
  • 3 (pair) a set of sheets صَفْحَتانِ مُتَجاوِرَتانِ a set of false teeth طَقْم أَسْنانٍ صِناعيّةٍ both sets of parents agreed with us اتَّفَقَ كُلٌّ من والِدَي الزَوْجِ وَوالِدَي الزَوْجةِ مَعَنا
  • 4 (in tennis) مَجْموعة (plural: مَجْموعات, plural: مَجاميعُ)
  • 5 (group) مَجْموعة (plural: مَجْموعات, plural: مَجاميعُ), جَماعة a member of the racing/yachting set عُضْو في مَجْموعةِ السِباقِ \ الإبْحارِ باليُخوتِ
  • 6 (stage decoration) مَناظِر
  • 7 (receiver) جِهاز اسْتِقْبالٍ
  • 8 [mathematics/الرياضيات] مَجْموعة (plural: مَجْموعات, plural: مَجاميعُ)
  • 9 (British English/الإنكليزية البريطانية) (ability group) [ مَجْموعة مُتَجانِسة القُدُراتِ ]
  • 10 (in hairdressing) تَصْفيف to have a shampoo and set غَسَلَ وَصَفَّفَ شَعْرَهُ

adjective/صفة

  • 1 (fixed) [procedure] [time] [formula] مُحَدَّد to be set in one's ways كانَ مُتَشَبِّثاً بِرَأْيِهِ set phrase, set expression تَعْبير اصْطِلاحيّ \ ثابِت we meet at a set time each week نَتَقابَلُ في وَقْتٍ مُحَدَّدٍ كُلَّ أُسْبوعٍ
  • 3 (ready) جاهِز, مُسْتَعِدّ to be set to leave كانَ مُسْتَعِدًّا للمُغادَرةِ ready, get set, go! قِفْ، اسْتَعِدَّ، انْطَلِقْ!
  • 4 (determined)to be set on/against sth كانَ مُصِرًّا على شَيْءٍ \ مُتَصَلِّباً في مَوْقِفِهِ ضدّ شَيْءٍ he is set against closing the office/against the reform هو مُتَصَلِّبٌ في مَوْقِفِهِ ضدّ إغْلاقَ المَكْتَبِ \ الإصْلاحَ they are set on changing the system/on military intervention هُمْ مُصِرّونَ على تَغْييرِ النِظامِ \ التَدَخُّلِ العَسْكَريِّ

transitive verb/فعل متعد (present participle/اسم الفاعل -tt-) (past tense/زمن الماضي, past participle/اسم المفعول set)

  • 1 (to place, position) وَضَعَ (I) (stem vowel = a) [a chair] [an ornament] [a computer] he set the chairs in a circle وَضَعَ الكَراسيَّ في حَلَقةٍ to set sth upright وَضَعَ شَيْئاً في وَضْعٍ مُنْتَصِبٍ to set a post in the ground نَصَبَ عَموداً في الأَرْضِ to set the tray in front of sb وَضَعَ الصينيّةَ أمام شَخْصٍ a house set among the trees/back from the road بَيْت مَبْنيّ بين الأَشْجارِ \ بَعيداً عن الطَريقِ
  • 2 (to prepare) نَصَبَ (I) (stem vowel = u), أَعَدَّ (IV) [a trap] [an ambush] he set a trap for the minister نَصَبَ فَخًّا للوَزيرِ to set the table for dinner أَعَدَّ المائِدةَ للغَداءِ
  • 3 (to establish) حَدَّدَ (II) [a date] [price] [fashion] to set a good/bad example to sb كانَ قُدْوةً حَسَنةً \ سَيِّئةً لِشَخْصٍ to set a new Olympic record حَقَّقَ رَقْماً قِياسيًّا جَديداً في الأولِمْبِياد
  • 4 (in specified operations) ضَبَطَ (stem vowel = i or u) (I) [a clock] [the alarm] [DVR] to set the oven to 180° ضَبَطَ الفُرْنَ على 180 دَرَجةً to set the alarm for 4 a.m. ضَبَطَ المُنَبِّهَ على 4 صَباحاً
  • 5 (to cause to start) جَعَلَ يَبْدَأُ to set the machine/engine going شَغَّلَ الجِهازَ \ المُحَرِّكَ he set me to work cleaning floors جَعَلَني أَشْرَعُ في تَنْظيفِ الأَرْضيّاتِ
  • 6 (to prescribe) وَضَعَ (I) (stem vowel = a) [exam]; طَلَبَ (stem vowel = u) (I) [an essay]; أَعْطى (IV) [the homework] to set sb a task ‫‫أَعْطى شَخْصاً مُهِمّةً‬‬ a set book كِتاب مُقَرَّر
  • 7 (to place) وَضَعَ (I) (stem vowel = a) the film is set in Istanbul مَشاهِدُ الفيلْم مُصَوَّرةٌ في إسْتَنْبول he set the book in the sixties وَضَعَ أَحْداثَ الرِوايةِ في السِتّيناتِ
  • 9to set sth to music لَحَّنَ شَيْئاً [a libretto] [poem] [the lyrics]
  • 10 [compositor] نَضَّدَ (II), جَهَّزَ للطِباعةِ [type]
  • 11 [surgeon] جَبَرَ (stem vowel = u) (I) [a bone] [broken leg]
  • 12 (to style) to set sb's hair صَفَّفَ شَعْرَ شَخْصٍ

intransitive verb/فعل غير متعد (present participle/اسم الفاعل -tt-) (past tense/زمن الماضي, past participle/اسم المفعول set)

Phrasal verbs

set about

set about [sth] شَرَعَ \ بَدَأَ في [شَيْءٍ] [the work] [one's duties] to set about painting the bedroom/cleaning up ‫بَدَأَ في طِلاءِ غُرْفةِ النَوْمِ \ التَنْظيفِ‬ they set about the job or task of rebuilding the city شَرَعوا في مُهِمّةِ إعادةِ بِناءِ المَدينةِ

set against

set [sb] against sb أَثارَ [شَخْصاً] ضدّ شَخْصٍ
set [sth] against sth (to balance) وازَنَ \ عادَلَ [شَيْئاً] بِشَيْءٍ [an advantage] [the profits] the advantages seem small when set against the risks تَبْدو المَزايا صَغيرةً عِنْدَما تُقارَنُ بالمَخاطِرِ

set apart

set [sb/sth] apart أَفْرَدَ \ مَيَّزَ [شَخْصاً \ شَيْئاً] [a player] [book] [hotel]

set aside

set [sth] asideset aside [sth] (to put down) نَحّى [شَيْئاً] جانِباً [a book] [one's knitting] 1.1 (to reserve) حَجَزَ \ خَصَّصَ [شَيْئاً] [an area] [a room] [time]; وَفَّرَ \ ادَّخَرَ [شَيْئاً] [money] [supplies] 1.2 (to disregard) نَحّى [شَيْئاً] جانِباً [one's differences] [prejudices] 1.3 [law/القانون] أَلْغى \ أَبْطَلَ [شَيْئاً] [a decision] [verdict]

set back

set [sth] back (to position towards the rear) حَرَّكَ [شَيْئاً] للخَلْفِ [a chair] [table] the house is set back from the road البَيْتُ في مَكانٍ بَعيدٍ عن الطَريقِ
set back [sth]set [sth] back (to delay) أَخَّرَ [شَيْئاً] [production] [sb's recovery] [work]
set [sb] back [informal/غير رسمي], (to cost) كَلَّفَ [شَخْصاً]

set by

set [sth] byset by [sth] [money] [supplies] ادَّخَرَ [شَيْئاً]

set down

set [sb] down أَنْزَلَ [شَخْصاً] [a passenger]
set down [sth]set [sth] down (to put on the floor, on a table, etc) وَضَعَ [شَيْئاً] [a suitcase] [vase] 1.1 (to establish) حَدَّدَ \ قَرَّرَ \ وَضَعَ [شَيْئاً] [the conditions] [criteria] [rules] 1.2 (to record) دَوَّنَ \ سَجَّلَ [شَيْئاً] [an event] [fact] to set down one's thoughts دَوَّنَ أَفْكارَهُ

set in

(to take hold) [gangrene] انْتَشَرَ (VIII); [complications] كَثُرَ (I) (stem vowel = u), تَزايَدَ (VI) 1.1 (to begin) [winter] [bad weather] حَلَّ (I) (stem vowel = i or u)

set off

انْطَلَقَ (VII), رَحَلَ (I) (stem vowel = a) to set off on a journey/an expedition انْطَلَقَ في رِحْلةٍ \ بِعْثةٍ she set off for the market/station غادَرَتْ إلى السوقِ \ المَحَطّةِ
set [off] sthset [sth] off (to trigger) أَطْلَقَ \ قَرَعَ [شَيْئاً] [an alarm]; فَجَّرَ [شَيْئاً] [a bomb]; أَشْعَلَ فَتيلَ \ نيرانَ [شَيْءٍ] [riot] 1.1 (to enhance) أَبْرَزَ \ أَظْهَرَ حُسْنَ [شَيْءٍ] [a design] [colour] 1.2 [finance/المالية] to set one's losses/costs off against profits أَسْقَطَ خَسائِرَهُ \ تَكاليفَهُ من الأَرْباحِ
set [sb] off [informal/غير رسمي], (to cause to laugh) جَعَلَ [شَخْصاً] يَنْفَجِرُ في الضَحِكِ; (to cry) جَعَلَ [شَخْصاً] يَنْفَجِرُ في البُكاءِ be quiet or you'll set the baby off الْتَزِم الهُدوءَ وَإلاّ بَدَأَ الطِفْلَ في البُكاءِ

set on

set [sb/sth] on sb أَطْلَقَ [شَخْصاً \ شَيْئاً] على شَخْصٍ [a dog] [the riot police]
set [sb] onto sb/sth أَرْشَدَ [شَخْصاً] عن شَخْصٍ \ شَيْءٍ [a detective] [the police] a tip set the police onto them/onto their trail ‫مَعْلومة أَرْشَدَت الشُرْطةَ عَنْهُمْ \ عن طَريقةِ الوُصولِ إلَيْهِمْ‬

set out

(to leave) انْطَلَقَ (VII) to set out on a journey انْطَلَقَ في رِحْلةٍ 1.1 (to have as one's intention) to set out to do sth عَزَمَ على أنْ يَفْعَلَ شَيْئاً
set [sth] outset out [sth] (to display) عَرَضَ [شَيْئاً] [chairs] [items for sale] [food] the information is clearly set out عُرِضَت المَعْلوماتُ بِشَكْلٍ واضِحٍ 1.1 (to present) شَرَحَ \ عَرَضَ \ قَدَّمَ [شَيْئاً] [one's conclusions] [objections] [ideas]

set up

(to establish oneself) [trader] [entrepreneur] بَدَأَ عَمَلاً خاصًّا \ حُرًّا to set up in business بَدَأَ عَمَلاً خاصًّا في التِجارةِ to set up on one's own بَدَأَ عَمَلاً خاصًّا بِمُفْرَدِهِ to set up as a decorator بَدَأَ عَمَلاً خاصًّا كَنَقّاشٍ
set [sth] upset up [sth] (to erect) نَصَبَ [شَيْئاً] [a stand]; أَعَدَّ [شَيْئاً] [one's equipment]; أَنْشَأَ \ أَقامَ [شَيْئاً] [a roadblock] to set up camp/a tent نَصَبَ خَيْمةً to set up house أَسَّسَ بَيْتاً 1.1 (to organize) أَعَدَّ [شَيْئاً] [a meeting] [an experiment] 1.2 (to found, establish) أَنْشَأَ [شَيْئاً] [a business] [charity] [commission] 1.3 (to configure) نَصَّبَ \ أَعَدَّ [شَيْئاً] [a printer] [modem] [laptop] 1.4 (to start) تَسَبَّبَ في [شَيْءٍ] \ أَدّى إلى [شَيْءٍ] [a reaction] [vibrations]
set [sb] up (in business) to set sb up in business as a plumber أَعانَ شَخْصاً على إقامةِ عَمَلٍ خاصٍّ كَسَبّاكٍ 1.1 (to improve materially) that deal set her up for life وَفَّرَتْ لَها تِلْكَ الصَفْقةُ مَعيشةً كَريمةً لِبَقيّةِ عُمْرِها
set [oneself] up to set oneself up in business ‫أَنْشَأَ لِنَفْسِهِ عَمَلاً تِجاريًّا خاصًّا‬ she set herself up as a financial adviser بَدَأَتْ عَمَلاً خاصًّا بِها كَمُسْتَشارٍ ماليٍّ 1.1 (to claim to be) I don't set myself up as an expert لا أَدَّعي أَنَّني خَبيرٌ

set upon

set upon [sb] هَجَمَ \ انْقَضَّ على [شَخْصٍ]

Definition of set in:

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