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spread

Pronunciation: /sprɛd/

Translation of spread in Arabic:

transitive verb/فعل متعد (past tense/زمن الماضي, past participle/اسم المفعول spread)

  • 1 (to open out) فَتَحَ (I) (stem vowel = a) [a cloth] [map] to spread a cloth on the table بَسَطَ سِماطاً على الطاوِلةِ
  • 2 (to stretch out) [bird] مَدَّ (I) (stem vowel = u) [its wings] to spread one's arms/legs مَدَّ ذِراعَيْهِ \ ساقَيْهِ
  • 3 (to propagate) نَشَرَ (stem vowel = u) (I) [disease] [infection] a strong wind spread the blaze نَشَرَتْ ريحٌ قَويّةٌ الحَريقَ
  • 4 (in layers) دَهَنَ (I) (stem vowel = u) [butter] [jam] to spread the cake with cream دَهَنَ الكَعْكَ بالقِشْدةِ
  • 6 (to disseminate) نَشَرَ (I) (stem vowel = u) [a rumour] [the news] to spread the word about sth نَشَرَ خَبَراً حول شَيْءٍ
  • 8 (to share out) تَقاسَمَ (VI) [the workload] [wealth] we have to spread our resources very thinly يَجِبُ أن نَوَزِّعَ المَوارِدَ بَيْنَنا بِشَكْلٍ مُتَحَفِّظٍ

intransitive verb/فعل غير متعد (past tense/زمن الماضي, past participle/اسم المفعول spread)

  • 1 (to proliferate) [disease] [infection] تَفَشّى (V), انْتَشَرَ (VIII) fires spread quickly in the dry conditions تَنْتَشِرُ النيرانُ بِسُرْعةٍ في الظُروفِ الجافّةِ
  • 2 (to extend) [fame] [species] [forest] امْتَدَّ (VIII), انْتَشَرَ (VIII) the cancer has spread to her liver انْتَشَرَ السَرَطانُ إلى كَبِدِها rain will spread to most areas during the night سَتَمْتَدُّ الأَمْطارُ إلى مُعْظَمِ المَناطِقِ أثناء اللَيْلِ
  • 3 (to be disseminated) [rumours] [news] انْتَشَرَ (VIII); [panic] [fear] تَفَشّى (V) rumours spread that the prisoners were going to be freed انْتَشَرَت الإشاعاتُ بِأَنَّ الأَسْرى سَيُحَرَّرونَ
  • 4 [butter] [jam] دُهِنَ

noun/اسم

  • 2 (of fashions, nuclear weapons, etc) انْتِشار the spread of mobile phone use انْتِشار اسْتِخْدامِ الهاتِفِ المَحْمولِ the spread of secularism in Europe انْتِشار العَلْمانيّةِ في أوروبّا
  • 5 (range) مَجال (plural: مَجالات) to have a wide/narrow spread of interests كانَ عِنْدَهُ مَجالُ اهْتِماماتٍ واسِعٌ \ ضَيِّقٌ
  • 6 (in a newspaper) a double-page spread مَنْشور على صَفْحَتَيْنِ
  • 7 (for bread) [ مَعْجون للدَهْنِ ]
  • 8 [informal/غير رسمي], (large meal) مَأْدُبة (plural: مَآدِبُ)
  • 9 (American English/الإنكليزية الأمريكية) (ranch) مَزْرَعة (plural: مَزارِعُ)

Idioms

to spread one's wings

وَسَّعَ آفاقَهُ \ دائِرةَ اهْتِماماتِهِ

Phrasal verbs

spread out

(to move apart) [troops] [search party] تَوَزَّعَ (V), انْتَشَرَ (VIII) 1.1 (to extend) [city] [fields] امْتَدَّ (VIII)
spread [sth] outspread out [sth] (to open out) فَتَحَ \ بَسَطَ [شَيْئاً] [a cloth] [map] 1.1 (to stretch out) مَدَّ [شَيْئاً] [one's arms] [hands] 1.2 (over an area) نَشَرَ [شَيْئاً] [cards] [papers]

Definition of spread in:

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