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be

Pronunciation: /biː; bɪ/

For translations of there is, there are, here is and here are, see the entries thereand here.

vi (p prés being 3e pers sg prés, is prét, was pp, been)

  • 1 être she is French elle est française we are late nous sommes en retard he is a doctor/widower il est médecin/veuf it is Monday c'est lundi it's me! c'est moi! be good! sois sage!
  • 2 (physical and mental states) avoir I am cold/hot j'ai froid/chaud are you hungry/thirsty? as-tu faim/soif? his hands were cold il avait froid aux mains
  • 3 (weather) faire it is cold/windy il fait froid/du vent it is 40° il fait 40°
  • 4 (health) aller how are you? (polite) comment allez-vous? (more informally) comment vas-tu? (very informally) ça va? how is your son? comment va votre fils? well1, fine, better
  • 5 (visit) I've never been to Sweden je ne suis jamais allé en Suède have you ever been to Africa? tu es déjà allé en Afrique? has the postman been? est-ce que le facteur est passé?
  • 7 (in mathematics) faire 2 plus 2 is 4 2 et 2 font 4
  • 8 (cost) coûter how much is it? combien ça coûte?
  • 9 (phrases) so be it d'accord if I were you à ta place

v aux

  • 1 (in passives) être the doors have been repainted les portes ont été repeintes, on a repeint les portes it is said that… on dit que…
  • 2 (in continuous tenses) we are going to London tomorrow nous allons à Londres demain it is raining il pleut he is reading il lit, il est en train de lire for, since
  • 3 (with infinitive) devoir you are to do it at once tu dois le faire tout de suite they are to be married ils vont se marier it was to be expected il fallait s'y attendre it was nowhere to be found il était introuvable
  • 4 (in tag questions) it's a lovely house, isn't it? c'est une très belle maison, n'est-ce pas? they're not in the garden, are they? ils ne sont pas dans le jardin, par hasard? today is Tuesday, isn't it? c'est bien mardi aujourd'hui?
  • 5 (in short answers) ‘you are not going out’—‘yes I am!’ ‘tu ne sors pas’—‘si!’ ‘are you English?’—‘yes, I am’ ‘vous êtes anglais?’—, ‘oui, je suis anglais’

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Word of the day prepotent
Pronunciation: prɪˈpəʊt(ə)nt
adjective
greater than others in power or influence