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Pronunciation: /baɪ/

Translation of by in French:


  • 1 (with passive verbs) par he was bitten by a snake il a été mordu par un serpent
  • 2 (with present participle) en by working extra hours en faisant des heures supplémentaires to learn French by listening to the radio apprendre le français en écoutant la radio to begin by doing commencer par faire
  • 3 (by means of) par to pay by cheque payer par chèque by mistake/accident par erreur/accident to travel to Rome by Venice aller à Rome en passant par Venise to travel by bus/train voyager en bus/train by bicycle à bicyclette, en vélo by candlelight [dine] aux chandelles [read] à la bougie
  • 4 (from) à I could tell by the look on her face that rien qu'à la regarder je savais que
  • 6 (showing authorship) de a film by Claude Chabrol un film de Claude Chabrol who is it by? c'est de qui?
  • 7 (in time expressions) avant by midnight avant minuit by this time next week d'ici la semaine prochaine by the time she had got downstairs he was gone le temps qu'elle descende, il était parti he should be here by now il devrait être déjà là
  • 8 (according to) selon to play by the rules jouer selon les règles by my watch à ma montre
  • 9 (showing amount) de prices have risen by 20% les prix ont augmenté de 20% he's taller than me by two centimetres il fait deux centimètres de plus que moi
  • 10 (in measurements) sur 20 metres by 10 metres 20 mètres sur 10
  • 12little by little peu à peu day by day jour après jour one by one un par un, une par une by oneself tout seul/toute seule to go or pass by sb/sth passer devant qn/qch
  • 13 (in compass directions) quart south by south-west sud quart sud-ouest


  • 1 (past) to go by passer the people walking by les gens qui passent/passaient, les passants as time goes by avec le temps
  • 2 (near) près he lives close by il habite tout près
  • 3 (aside) to put money by mettre de l'argent de côté

Definition of by in:

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Word of the day interfuse
Pronunciation: ɪntəˈfjuːz
join or mix (two or more things) together