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force
British English: /fɔːs/
American English: /fɔrs/

Translation of force in French:

noun

  • 1 (physical strength, impact)
    (of blow, explosion, collision, earthquake) force (f)
    (of sun's rays) puissance (f)
    (of fall) choc (m)
    he was knocked over by the force of the blast/the blow
    il est tombé sous la force de l'explosion/du coup
    I hit him with all the force I could muster
    je l'ai frappé de toutes mes forces
  • 2 (gen) (Military) (physical means) to use force
    recourir à or employer la force
    by force
    par la force
    by force of arms, by military force
    à la force des armes
  • 3 [figurative] (strength) (of intellect, memory, enthusiasm, logic, grief) by ou out of ou from force of habit/of circumstance/of numbers
    par la force de l'habitude/des circonstances/du nombre
    ‘no,’ she said with some force
    ‘non,’ a-t-elle dit avec force
    to have the force of law
  • 4 (strong influence) a force for good/change
    une force agissant pour le bien/le changement
    the forces of evil she's a force in the democratic movement
    c'est un personnage important du mouvement démocratique
    market forces
    forces du marché
    this country is no longer a world force
    ce pays n'est plus une puissance mondiale
  • 5
    uncountable (organized group) forces fpl
    expeditionary/peacekeeping force
    forces expéditionnaires/de maintien de la paix
    naval/ground force
    forces navales/terrestres
    labour force workforce task force etc
  • 6 (police)
    also: Force
    the force
    la police
  • 8 (Meteorology) a force 10 gale
    un vent de force 10

also: forces plural noun

  • (Military)
    also: armed forces
    the forces
    les forces (fpl) armées

also: in force adverb phrase

  • 1 (in large numbers, strength)
    en force
  • 2 (gen) (Law)
    (law, act, prices, ban, curfew)
    en vigueur
    to come into force

transitive verb

  • 1 (compel, oblige) to force somebody/something to do (gen)
    forcer quelqu'un/quelque chose à faire
    to be forced to do (gen) he forced his voice to remain calm
    il s'est forcé à garder une voix calme
    to force a smile/a laugh
    se forcer à sourire/à rire
    the earthquake forced the evacuation of hundreds of residents
    le tremblement de terre a provoqué or entraîné l'évacuation de plusieurs centaines d'habitants
    protesters have forced a public inquiry
    les protestataires ont exigé et obtenu que l'on ouvre une enquête publique
    to force a bill through parliament
    forcer or obliger le parliament à voter un projet de loi
  • 2 (push, thrust) to force one's way through [something]
    se frayer un chemin à travers or dans (crowd, jungle)
    to force somebody to the ground/up against something
    plaquer quelqu'un au sol/contre quelque chose
    she forced him to his knees
    elle l'a forcé à se mettre à genoux
    the car forced the motorbike off the road/into the ditch
    la voiture a forcé la moto à quitter la route/à aller au fossé
    bad weather forced him off the road for a week
    le mauvais temps l'a empêché de prendre la route pendant une semaine
    she forced her way to the top through sheer perseverance
    elle est parvenue au sommet grâce à beaucoup de persévérance
  • 3 (apply great pressure to)
    forcer (door, window, lock, safe, engine, meter)
    forcer sur (screw)
    to force an entry (Law)
    entrer par effraction
    to force the pace
    forcer l'allure

reflexive verb

  • 1 (push oneself)to force oneself
    se forcer (to do à faire)
  • 2 (impose oneself)to force oneself on somebody
    imposer sa présence à quelqu'un
    I wouldn't want to force myself on you
    je ne cherche pas à m'imposer

Idioms

to force somebody's hand

forcer la main à quelqu'un

Phrasal verbs

force back

force [something] back, force back [something] 1.1 [literal] she forced him back against the wall
elle l'a repoussé or plaqué contre le mur
1.2 [figurative]
réprimer (emotion, tears, anger)

force down

force [something] down, force down [something] 1.1 (cause to land)
forcer [quelque chose] à se poser (aircraft)
1.2 (eat reluctantly)
se forcer à avaler (food)
to force something down somebody
forcer quelqu'un à manger quelque chose
don't force your ideas down my throat [informal]!
ne m'impose pas tes idées!
1.3 (reduce) (gen) (Finance)
diminuer [quelque chose] (de force) (prices, wages, output)
réduire [quelque chose] (de force) (currency value, demand, profits, inflation)
to force down unemployment
faire baisser le taux de chômage
1.4 (squash down)
tasser (contents, objects)

force in

force [something] in, force in [something] (into larger space)
faire entrer [quelque chose] de force
(into small opening) enfoncer [quelque chose] de force

force into

force [somebody/something] into something/doing 1.1 (compel)
forcer [quelqu'un/quelque chose] à faire
to be forced into doing I was forced into it
on m'a forcé à le faire
1.2 (push, thrust) she forced him into the car
elle l'a fait entrer de force dans la voiture
he forced his clothes into a suitcase
il a tassé ses vêtements dans une valise
he forced his way into the house
il est entré de force dans la maison

force on

force [something] on somebody the decision was forced on him
il a été forcé de prendre cette décision
team X forced a draw on team Y
l'équipe X a arraché un match nul à l'équipe Y

force open

force [something] open, force open [something]
forcer (door, window, box, safe)
she forced the patient's mouth open
elle a ouvert la bouche du malade de force
he forced his eyes open
il s'est forcé à ouvrir les yeux

force out

force [something] out, force out [something] (by physical means)
faire sortir [quelque chose] par la force (invader, enemy, object)
enlever [quelque chose] de force (cork)
the government was forced out in the elections
les élections ont forcé or obligé le gouvernement à quitter le pouvoir
she forced out a few words
elle s'est forcée à dire quelques mots
to force one's way out (of something)
s'échapper (de quelque chose) par la force
to force something out of somebody
arracher quelque chose à quelqu'un (information, apology, smile, confession)
the injury forced him out of the game
cette blessure l'a forcé à abandonner le jeu

force through

force [something] through, force through [something]
faire adopter (legislation, measures)

force up

force [something] up, force up [something]
(inflation, crisis, situation)
faire augmenter (prices, costs, demand, unemployment)
(government, company, minister)
augmenter (de force) (prices, output, wages)
relever (exchange rate)

Definition of force in:

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