As a determinerIn French, determiners agree in gender and number with the noun that follows; this is translated by ce + masculine singular noun ( ce monsieur), BUT by cet + masculine singular noun beginning with a vowel or mute 'h' ( cet arbre, cet homme) and by cette + feminine singular noun ( cette femme). The plural form these is translated by ces ( ces livres, ces histoires).Note, however, that the above translations are also used for the English that (plural those). So when it is necessary to insist on this as opposed to another or others of the same sort, the adverbial tag -ci ( this one here) is added to the noun: I prefer
- what's this? qu'est-ce que c'est? who's this? qui est-ce? (on telephone) qui est à l'appareil? whose is this? à qui appartient ceci? this is the dining room voici la salle à manger this is my sister Moira (introduction) voici ma sœur Moira (on photo) c'est ma sœur, Moira this is not the right one ce n'est pas le bon who did this? qui a fait ça? this is what happens when... voilà ce qui se passe quand...
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