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under
British English: /ˈʌndə/
American English: /ˈəndər/
When under is used as a straightforward preposition in English it can almost always be translated by sous in French: under the table = sous la table; under a sheet = sous un drap; under a heading = sous un titre. under is often used before a noun in English to mean subject to or affected by ( under control, under fire, under oath, under review etc). For translations, consult the appropriate noun entry ( control fire oath review etc). under is also often used as a prefix in combinations such as undercooked, underfunded, underprivileged and undergrowth, underpass, underskirt. These combinations are treated as headwords in the dictionary.For particular usages, see the entry below.

Translation of under in French:

preposition

  • 1 (physically beneath or below) under the bed/chair
    sous le lit/la chaise
    under it
    en dessous
    it's under there
    c'est là-dessous
    to come out from under something
    sortir de dessous quelque chose
  • 2 (less than) See examples: under £10/two hours
    moins de 10 livres sterling/deux heures
    children under five
    les enfants de moins de cinq ans or en dessous de cinq ans
    a number under ten
    un nombre inférieur à dix
    temperatures under 10°C
    des températures inférieures à 10°C
    those under the rank of
    ceux qui ont un rang inférieur à celui de
  • 3 (according to) See examples: under the law/clause 5
    selon la loi/l'article 5
    fined under a rule
    condamné à une amende en vertu d'une règle
  • 4 (subordinate to) I have 50 people under me
    j'ai 50 employés sous mes ordres
  • 5 (in classification) See examples: do I look for Le Corbusier under ‘le’ or ‘Corbusier’?
    est-ce que je dois chercher Le Corbusier sous ‘le’ ou ‘Corbusier’?
    you'll find it under ‘Problems’
    tu le trouveras à la rubrique ‘Problèmes’

adverb

  • 1 (physically beneath or below something)
    (crawl, sit, hide)
    en dessous
    to go/stay under
    (diver, swimmer)
    disparaître/rester sous l'eau
  • 2 (less) £10 and under
    10 livres sterling et moins
    children of six and under
    des enfants de six ans et moins
    to run five minutes under
    (event, programme)
    durer cinq minutes de moins que prévu
  • 3 (anaesthetized) See examples: to put somebody under
    endormir quelqu'un
    to stay under for three minutes
    être endormi pendant trois minutes
  • 4 (subjugated) See examples: to keep somebody under
    opprimer quelqu'un

Definition of under in:

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