Him can be translated in Italian by lo, gli and lui. - When used as a direct object pronoun, him is translated by lo ( l' before h or a vowel). Note that the object pronoun normally comes before the verb in Italian: I know him = lo conosco; I've already seen him = l'ho già visto. In imperatives (and other non-finite forms), however, lo comes after the verb and is joined to it to form a single word: catch him! = prendilo! When the direct object pronoun is used in emphasis, him is translated by lui which comes after the verb: she loves him, not you = lei ama lui, non te. - When used as an indirect object pronoun, him is translated by gli, which comes before the verb: I've given him the book = gli ho dato il libro. In imperatives (and other non-finite forms), however, gli comes after the verb and is joined to it to form a single word: phone him! = telefonagli! Note that gli becomes glie when another pronoun is used as well: send it to him at once! = mandaglielo subito! we've given it to him = glielo abbiamo dato. - After prepositions, the translation is lui: I did it for him = l'ho fatto per lui; I told him, not her = l'ho detto a lui, non a lei. - Remember that a verb followed by a particle or a preposition in English may correspond to a verb followed by a direct object in Italian, and vice versa, e.g. to look at somebody vs guardare qualcuno and to distrust somebody vs dubitare di qualcuno: look at him! = guardalo! they distrust him = dubitano di lui. - When him is used after as or than in comparative clauses, it is translated by lui: you're as strong as him = tu sei forte come lui; she's younger than him = lei è più giovane di lui. - For particular expressions see below.
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