Him can be translated in Italian by lo, gli and lui. - When used as a direct object pronoun, him is translated by lo ( l' before h or a vowel). Note that the object pronoun normally comes before the verb in Italian: I know him = lo conosco; I've already seen him = l'ho già visto. In imperatives (and other non-finite forms), however, lo comes after the verb and is joined to it to form a single word: catch him! = prendilo! When the direct object pronoun is used in emphasis, him is translated by lui which comes after the verb: she loves him, not you = lei ama lui, non te. - When used as an indirect object pronoun, him is translated by gli, which comes before the verb: I've given him the book = gli ho dato il libro. In imperatives (and other non-finite forms), however, gli comes after the verb and is joined to it to form a single word: phone him! = telefonagli! Note that gli becomes glie when another pronoun is used as well: send it to him at once! = mandaglielo subito! we've given it to him = glielo abbiamo dato. - After prepositions, the translation is lui: I did it for him = l'ho fatto per lui; I told him, not her = l'ho detto a lui, non a lei. - Remember that a verb followed by a particle or a preposition in English may correspond to a verb followed by a direct object in Italian, and vice versa, e.g. to look at somebody vs guardare qualcuno and to distrust somebody vs dubitare di qualcuno: look at him! = guardalo! they distrust him = dubitano di lui. - When him is used after as or than in comparative clauses, it is translated by lui: you're as strong as him = tu sei forte come lui; she's younger than him = lei è più giovane di lui. - For particular expressions see below.
What do you find interesting about this word or phrase?
Comments that don't adhere to our Community Guidelines may be moderated or removed.
Grammar and usage help for Italian:
- Italian Grammar Notes for English speakers translating into Italian 14: LET2
- Italian Grammar Notes for English speakers translating into Italian 10: HER
- Italian Grammar Notes for English speakers translating into Italian 11: HIS
- Italian Grammar Notes for English speakers translating into Italian 12: IN
Most popular in the US
Most popular in the UK
Most popular in Australia
Most popular in Malaysia
Most popular in India
Most popular in Pakistan
Subscribe to Oxford Dictionaries Italian
- Italian-English and English-Italian dictionary
- more than 750,000 words, phrases, and translations, including idioms
- covers Italian and British & American English
- thousands of example sentences to show language in use
- listen to Italian words and sentences
- hundreds of grammar and usage notes for tricky translation problems
- up-to-date and accurate translations
- remove adverts*
*Advertising-free access on main Oxforddictionaries.com site only. Advertising also appears in embedded videos on Oxforddictionaries.com