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much
British English: /mʌtʃ/
American English: /mətʃ/
When much is used as an adverb, it is translated by molto: it's much longer = è molto più lungo; she doesn't talk much = lei non parla molto. For particular usages, see much 1 below. - When much is used as a pronoun, it is usually translated by molto: there is much to learn = c'è molto da imparare. However, in negative sentences non… un granché is also used: I didn't learn much = non ho imparato un granché. - When much is used as a quantifier, it is translated by molto or molta according to the gender of the following noun: they don't have much money/much luck = non hanno molto denaro/molta fortuna. For particular usages, see much 2 below.

adverb

  • 1 (to a considerable degree) much smaller, happier
    molto più piccolo, molto più felice (than di)
    they're not much cheaper than the originals
    non costano molto meno degli originali
    much more interesting
    molto più interessante
    the film was much better than expected
    il film era molto meglio del previsto
    it's much better organized
    è molto meglio organizzato
    they're getting much less demanding
    stanno diventando molto meno esigenti
    the shoes are much too expensive
    le scarpe sono davvero troppo care
    it's much too dangerous
    è un po' troppo pericoloso
    he doesn't much care for them
    non gli importa un granché di loro
    I didn't much like what I saw
    non mi è piaciuto molto quello che ho visto
    she doesn't worry much about it
    non se ne preoccupa molto
    we'd much rather stay here
    noi preferiremmo di gran lunga restare qui
    the meeting has been much criticized
    l'incontro è stato molto criticato
    they are much to be pitied
    devono essere compatiti
    your comments would be much appreciated
    i vostri commenti saranno molto graditi
    he's not much good at Latin
    non è molto bravo in latino
    he's not much good at tennis
    non gioca molto bene a tennis
    he's not much good at doing
    non è molto bravo a fare
    does it hurt much?
    fa tanto o molto male?
    it's much the more interesting of the two studies
    fra i due è di gran lunga lo studio più interessante
    she's much the best teacher here
    è di gran lunga l'insegnante migliore che c'è qui
    much to our annoyance, they didn't phone back
    con nostro grande disappunto, non ci hanno richiamato
    much to my surprise
  • 2 (often) we don't go out much
    non usciamo molto
    they didn't see each other much she doesn't talk much about the past
    non parla molto del passato
    do you go to concerts much?
    vai spesso ai concerti?
    a much married film star
    una star del cinema che si è risposata molte volte
  • 3 (approximately, nearly)
    più o meno, pressappoco, all'incirca
    to be much the same
    essere quasi uguale (as a)
    his condition is much the same as yesterday
    le sue condizioni sono pressappoco uguali a ieri
    it's pretty much like driving a car
    è più o meno come guidare una macchina
    he behaved much the way the others did in much the same way much the same is true of China
    quasi lo stesso si può dire della Cina
  • 4 (specifying degree to which something is true)too much you worry, talk too much
    ti preoccupi, parli troppo
    very much
    (a lot)
    molto
    (absolutely)
    moltissimo, tantissimo
    he misses you very much
    gli manchi da morire
    I'd appreciate it very much if
    mi farebbe molto piacere se
    thanks very much
    molte, mille grazie
    we enjoyed ourselves very much
    ci siamo divertiti moltissimo
    she's very much like her mother
    somiglia tantissimo a sua madre
    it's very much the norm I felt very much the foreigner so much I wanted so much to meet you
    avevo così tanta voglia di incontrarti
    it hurts so much it's so much better
    è davvero molto meglio
    he hates flying so much that he prefers to take the boat thanks so much for
    grazie di cuore per
    as much
    tanto (as quanto)
    I like them as much as you (do)
    li amo tanto quanto te
    she doesn't worry as much as before
    non si preoccupa più (tanto) come prima
    they hated each other as much as ever
    si odiavano così come sempre
    she is as much entitled to a visa as you they were as much a part of village life as the farmers
    facevano parte integrante del villaggio tanto quanto i contadini
    he wasn't sure and said as much
    non ne era sicuro e l'ha ammesso
    I thought as much however much you'll have to accept the decision however much you disagree
    dovrai accettare la decisione anche se non sei d'accordo
    I couldn't cry out however much it hurt
    per quanto male facesse, non riuscivo a urlare
  • 6
    also: much as
    per quanto, anche se
    much as he needed the money, he wouldn't beg for it
    per quanto bisogno avesse di quel denaro, non lo avrebbe mai chiesto
    much as we regret our decision we have no choice
    anche se ci dispiace dover prendere una tale decisione non abbiamo scelta
  • 7
    also: much less
    tanto meno
    I've never seen him much less spoken to him
    non l'ho mai visto, né tanto meno gli ho parlato
  • 8
    also: so much as
    without so much as saying goodbye, as an apology
    senza neanche salutare, senza neanche scusarsi
    if you so much as move, sigh
    se ti azzardi a muoverti, a lamentarti
    they can be imprisoned for so much as criticizing the regime
    possono essere incarcerati anche solo per avere criticato il regime
  • 9
    also: so much for
    (having finished with)so much for that problem, now for
    chiudiamo l'argomento e passiamo a
    (used disparagingly) [informal]so much for equality, liberalism
    addio uguaglianza, liberalismo
    so much for saying you'd help
    meno male che avevi detto che avresti dato una mano
  • 10
    also: much- in composti
    much-loved
    amatissimo
    much-respected much-maligned
    molto chiacchierato

quantifier

  • have you got much money, work?
    hai molti soldi, tanto lavoro?
    I haven't got (very) much time
    non ho molto tempo
    we didn't get much support
    non abbiamo ricevuto molto appoggio
    it doesn't make much sense
    non ha molto senso
    there isn't much wine left
    non c'è quasi più vino
    does he watch much TV?
    guarda molto la televisione?
    she didn't speak much English too much energy
    troppa forza
    to spend too much money
    spendere troppi soldi
    we don't have too much time
    non abbiamo troppo tempo
    don't use so much salt
    non mettere così tanto sale
    why does he make so much noise?
    perché fa così tanto rumore?
    I spent so much time doing
    ho passato così tanto tempo a fare
    she gets so much enjoyment out of the radio
    le piace così tanto ascoltare la radio
    we paid twice as much money
    abbiamo pagato il doppio (dei soldi)
    how much time have we got left?
    quanto tempo ci rimane?
    how much liquid does it contain?
    quanto liquido contiene?

pronoun

  • 1 (a great deal) do you have much left?
    ne avete ancora molto?
    did he earn much?
    ha guadagnato molto?
    we have much to learn
    abbiamo molto da imparare (from da)
    we didn't eat much
    non avevamo mangiato molto
    there isn't much to do
    non c'è un granché da fare
    he doesn't have much to say
    non ha molto da dire
    there isn't much one can do to prevent it
    non si può fare molto per impedirlo
    he doesn't have much to complain about
    non ha molto da lamentarsi
    it leaves much to be desired
    lascia molto a desiderare
    there's much to be said for
    ci sono molti argomenti a favore di (plan, country life, job sharing)
    much of
    gran parte di
    much of the difficulty lies in
    gran parte della difficoltà sta in
    much of the meeting was spent discussing
    gran parte della riunione la si è passata a discutere
    much of their work involves
    buona parte del loro lavoro consiste in
    much of what remains is useless much of the resentment is due to
    il rancore è dovuto in gran parte a
    I don't see much of them now to make much of something
    (focus on)
    dare importanza a qualcosa
    (understand)
    capire qualcosa
    the report made much of the scandal I couldn't make much of her last book
    non ho capito molto del suo ultimo libro
  • 2 (expressing a relative amount, degree)so much they are willing to pay so much per vehicle we'd eaten so much that …
    abbiamo mangiato così tanto che …
    she spends so much of her life abroad
    vive soprattutto all'estero
    she spends so much of her life abroad that …
    passa così tanto tempo all'estero che …
    so much of her work is gloomy
    gran parte delle sue opere sono cupe
    so much of the earth is polluted
    gran parte della terra è inquinata
    so much of the time, it's a question of patience
    nella maggior parte dei casi è una questione di pazienza
    too much it costs too much
    è troppo caro
    you eat too much
    mangi troppo
    it's too much!
    è troppo!
    (in protest)
    questo è troppo!
    she's late again? that's a bit much!
    è ancora in ritardo? adesso (si) esagera!
    it's too much of a strain she was too much of an egotist to do
    era troppo egoista per fare
    I couldn't eat all that, it's too much for me!
    non ce la farei a mangiare tutta quella roba, è troppo per me!
    the heat was too much for them
    faceva troppo caldo per loro
    the work was too much for them
    il lavoro era troppo per loro
    the measures proved too much for them
    i provvedimenti si dimostrarono troppo rigidi per loro
    he was too much for his opponent
    era troppo forte per il suo avversario
    I bought about this much
    ne ho comprato più o meno tanto così
    he's read this much already
    ha già letto tutto questo
    I'll say this much for him, he's honest
    posso dirti questo di lui: è una persona onesta
    this much is certain, we'll have no choice
    una cosa è certa, non avremo scelta
    twice as much
    due volte tanto
    if we had half as much as you
    se avessimo la metà di quello che hai tu
    I'll need half as much again
    me ne servirà ancora metà
    as much as possible they paid as much as we did
    hanno pagato tanto quanto noi
    is it as much as that?
    (costa) così tanto?
    I enjoy nature as much as the next person it can cost as much as £50
    si può arrivare a pagarlo 50 sterline
    it was as much as I could do not to laugh
    sono riuscito a malapena a trattenere le risate
    it is as much as to say
    equivale a dire
    how much? how much did you pay for it?
    quanto l'hai pagato?
    tell us how much you won how much do they know?
    quanto ne sanno?
    he never knew how much we missed him
    non ha mai saputo quanto ci è mancato
    do you know how much this means to me?
    sai quanto significa questo per me?
  • 3 (focusing on limitations, inadequacy)it's not o nothing much
    non è niente di che
    it's not up to much (British English)
    non è un granché
    he's not much to look at
    (fisicamente) non è un granché
    she doesn't think much of him
    non ha una buona opinione di lui
    she doesn't think much of it
    non ne pensa un gran che bene
    I'm not much of a letter-writer
    non amo molto scrivere lettere
    I'm not much of a reader
    non sono un gran lettore
    it's not much of a film
    non è un gran film
    it wasn't much of a life
    così non era vivere
    it wasn't much of a holiday for us
    non è stata una vera vacanza per noi
    that's not much of a consolation! I'm not much of a one for cooking [informal]

Idioms

much wants more

there isn't much in o to it

(British English) (American English) (in contest, competition)
= sono molto vicini

there isn't much in it for us

(to our advantage)
non ci guadagnamo un granché

Definition of much in:

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