They is usually translated by loro (which is in itself the object, not the subject pronoun); the subject pronouns essi (masculine) and esse (feminine) are rarely used in colloquial language: they can certainly do it = loro sanno farlo di sicuro. - Remember that in Italian the subject pronoun is very often understood: they came by train = sono venuti in treno. When used in emphasis, however, the pronoun is stressed, and is placed either at the beginning or at the end of the sentence: they killed her! = loro l'hanno uccisa! l'hanno uccisa loro! - When they is used impersonally, it is translated by si (+ verb in the third person singular): they drink a lot of beer in Britain, don't they? = si beve molta birra in Gran Bretagna, vero? they say he has left = si dice che sia partito. - When they is used to avoid saying he or she after words like everyone, no-one, anyone etc., it is usually understood in Italian: everyone should do what they like = ognuno dovrebbe fare quello che vuole/tutti dovrebbero fare quello che vogliono. - For more examples and exceptions, see below.
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Grammar and usage help for Italian:
- Italian Grammar Notes for English speakers translating into Italian 15: LOT1
- Italian Grammar Notes for English speakers translating into Italian 10: HER
- Italian Grammar Notes for English speakers translating into Italian 11: HIS
- Italian Grammar Notes for English speakers translating into Italian 12: IN
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