Us can be translated in Italian by ci and noi. - When used as an object pronoun (both direct and indirect), us is translated by ci. Note that the object pronoun normally comes before the verb in Italian: they know us = ci conoscono they have already seen us = ci hanno già visti she has given us a book = ci ha dato un libro. In imperatives (and other non-finite forms), however, ci comes after the verb and is joined to it to form a single word: help us! = aiutateci! phone us! telefonateci! - When the direct object pronoun is used in emphasis, us is translated by noi which comes after the verb: you should help us, not them = dovreste aiutare noi, non loro. - The usual object pronoun ci becomes ce when another pronoun is present as well: compare he wrote to us = ci ha scritto and he wrote that to us = ce lo ha scritto lui (or: ce l'ha scritto lui). - After prepositions, the translation is noi: she did it for us = l'ha fatto per noi they told us, not her = l'hanno detto a noi, non a lei. - Remember that a verb followed by a particle or a preposition in English may correspond to a verb followed by a direct object in Italian, and vice versa, e.g. to look at somebody vs guardare qualcuno and to distrust somebody vs dubitare di qualcuno: they are looking at us = ci stanno guardando they distrust us = dubitano di noi. - When us is used after as or than in comparative clauses, it is translated by noi: he's as poor as us = è povero come noi she's younger than us = è più giovane di noi. - Note that in compound tenses like the present perfect and the past perfect, the past participle of the verb agrees with the direct object pronoun: he's seen us (male speaker or female speaker in a mixed group) = ci ha visti he's seen us (female speaker in a group of women) = ci ha viste in everyday Italian, however, the invariable masculine form is often used: ci ha visto. - After the verb to be, noi is used in Italian: it's us = siamo noi. - For expressions with let us or let's see the entry → let1. - For particular usages see the entry below.
- 1 (direct object) they know usci conosconothey know us, not our wivesconoscono noi, non le nostre moglilet us golasciaci andare
- 2 (indirect object) he gave us the bookci ha dato il libro(emphatic) ha dato il libro a noigive us a hand, will you? [informal]ti va di darmi una mano?oh give us a break! [informal]e lasciami un po' stare!give us a look! [informal]fa' un po' vedere!
- 3 (after preposition) he did it for usl'ha fatto per noihe came with usè venuto con noiboth of us both of us like Oscar WildeOscar Wilde piace a entrambi(more informally) Oscar Wilde piace a tutti e duesome of usalcuni di noinone of usnessuno di noievery single one of us she's one of uslei è dei nostri
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