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big

Pronunciation: /bɪg/

Translation of big in Spanish:

adjective/adjetivo (-gg-)

The usual translation of big, grande, becomes gran when it is used before a singular noun.

  • 1 1.1 (in size) grande a big garden un jardín grande, un gran jardín I need a bigger size necesito una talla más grande these shoes are too big for me estos zapatos me quedan grandes her big, blue eyes sus grandes ojos azules how big is the table? ¿cómo es de grande or qué tamaño tiene la mesa? a big girl (large) [euphemistic/eufemístico] una chica grandota [colloquial/familiar] (buxom) [euphemistic/eufemístico], una chica pechugona [colloquial/familiar] 1.2 (powerful) [bomb/engine] potente 1.3 (in scale, intensity) grande a big explosion/flood una gran explosión/inundación a big hug/kiss un abrazote/besote [colloquial/familiar] a big success/effort un gran éxito/esfuerzo
    Example sentences
    • Although his dad has big ambitions for him, financial constraints are a problem.
    • For once, they are the big spenders, with the big ambitions and better players.
    • Its ambition was to create big films that could make an impact on the US market.
  • 2 2.1 (major) grande, importante a big industrialist un gran or importante industrial Acme Corp is our biggest customer Acme Corp es nuestro cliente más importante 2.2 (great) grande I'm a big fan of his soy un gran admirador suyo he's a big eater come mucho, es muy comelón or (Southern Cone/Cono Sur) (Spain/España) comilón [colloquial/familiar] he's a big investor in Kuwait invierte mucho en Kuwait to be big on sth [colloquial/familiar] ser* entusiasta or fanático de algo
    Example sentences
    • The brand is a well made children's line, which is cut on the big size for plenty of wear.
    • He said, you'll have to take a big cut in salary and you'll have to start at the bottom.
    • Within a few minutes the men cut down two big branches from the tree.
    2.3 [colloquial/familiar] (as intensifier/como palabra enfática) you big thickhead! ¡pedazo de estúpido! [colloquial/familiar] don't be such a big spoilsport! ¡no seas tan aguafiestas!
    Example sentences
    • Mickelson may be a big gambler, but all too often when the pressure is at its most intense he has left himself a busted flush.
    • We're not big bean eaters in my household so doubtless I'll have plenty of spare to offer around at work.
    • Though she was not a big eater herself, she enjoyed making other people happy with her meals.
    Example sentences
    • The affable star is big on eye contact, and smiles easily and often.
    • Japanese cookery is big on freshness, using produce in season and sourced locally, where possible.
    • As tourist must-sees go, this part of Brittany isn't big on manufactured attractions.
    Example sentences
    • The Christmas draw on the same night was also a big success with a big demand for tickets right up to the time for the draw.
    • The festival has been a big success this year with the children's events extremely popular.
    • All the sideshows and games attracted a lot of support and the bonny baby competition was a big success too.
    Example sentences
    • Michael, a young American poet, was a big influence on me at that time.
    • Because of the greater variability in the consumers, research plays a big role.
    • He was a big influence during his time at the Crown Ground and it's thanks to him in many ways that we've got where we are today.
    Example sentences
    • It was big of you to come out and say that you actually saw a Sunday matinee when it was still in theaters.
    • I think it was very, very big of him to come after being asked to step down.
    • That was very big of you to admit your faults.
    Example sentences
    • She got it wrong on the restart, a little mistake but big consequences for everybody else.
    • This was a big mistake and he always regretted the decision to give the plane to the museum.
    • He doesn't wield any real power as long as the committee gets to make the big decisions.
  • 3 (significant, serious) grande a big decision una gran decisión, una decisión importante it was a big mistake fue un gran or grave error this is his big day hoy es su gran día there's a big difference hay una gran diferencia the big question now is … el quid del asunto or de la cuestión ahora es … big reductions! ¡grandes rebajas!
  • 4 (older, grown up) grande don't cry: you're a big boy/girl now no llores, ya eres un niño/una niña grande my big brother mi hermano mayor
    Example sentences
    • So, I told her that she is a big girl, that she has a phone number and if she wants to organise a party she can do it herself.
    • If she gets in the way, it's unfortunate, but she's a big girl, she knows the score.
    • The big girls and boys, who were already five, were allowed to bring me up and show it to me.
    Example sentences
    • Like my big sister, I've a gift of time, but no idea what to do with it.
    • With her big sister, Stephanie, who is also an accomplished violinist, she grew up in the region.
    • If he can cast my big sister out, he wouldn't think twice about casting me out.
  • 5 (magnanimous, generous) generoso it was big of her fue muy generoso de su parte he's too big to take offense no se va a ofender, está por encima de esas cosas that's big of you! [ironic] ¡qué generoso eres! [irónico]
  • 7 (prominent, popular) [colloquial/familiar] (predicative/predicativo) conocido, famoso she's really big in Europe es muy conocida or famosa en Europa, tiene mucho éxito en Europa

adverb/adverbio

[colloquial/familiar]
  • 1.1 (ambitiously) to think big ser* ambicioso, planear las cosas a lo grande 1.2 (boastfully) to act big fanfarronear to talk big darse* importancia or ínfulas, fanfarronear 1.3 (with great success) the movie went over big in Europe la película tuvo un gran éxito or [colloquial/familiar] fue un exitazo en Europa to make it big tener* un gran éxito 1.4 (on a large scale) farmers are spending big on heavy machinery los agricultores están invirtiendo mucho en maquinaria pesada they began drilling in the hope of hitting it big empezaron a perforar con la esperanza de dar con yacimientos importantes

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Cultural fact of the day

The current Spanish Constitution (Constitución Española) was approved in the Cortes Generales in December 1978. It describes Spain as a parliamentary monarchy, gives sovereign power to the people through universal suffrage, recognizes the plurality of religions, and transfers responsibility for defense from the armed forces to the government. The Constitution was generally well received, except in the Basque Country, whose desire for independence it did not satisfy. It is considered to have facilitated the successful transition from dictatorship to democracy.