There are 2 translations of break in Spanish:

break1

(past broke past p, broken)
Pronunciation: /breɪk/

vt

  • 1 [window/plate/rope] romper*; [twig/stick] partir, romper*, quebrar* (AmL) I've broken my pencil se me ha roto la punta del lápiz they broke a hole in the fence abrieron una brecha en la valla she broke the chocolate into four pieces partió el chocolate en cuatro trozos he broke his wrist playing rugby se rompió la muñeca jugando al rugby I broke a tooth/my nail se me rompió or partió un diente/la uña to break the back of sth hacer* la peor parte de algo I think we've broken the back of the job creo que ya tenemos hecho lo peor or la peor parte del trabajo
  • 4 (put an end to) [deadlock/impasse] salir* de; [habit] dejar; [drug ring] desarticular the Romans could not break their power los romanos no pudieron quebrantar su poder or no pudieron abatirlos
  • 6 (impart)to break sth (to sb) it was Sue who had to break the news to him le tocó a Sue darle la noticia they broke it to her gently se lo dijeron con mucho tacto
  • 7 (exceed) to break the sound barrier romper* or atravesar* la barrera del sonido
  • 9 (breach, pierce) [soil] roturar I haven't broken the skin no me he abierto la piel, no me he rasguñado the submarine broke the surface of the water el submarino afloró a la superficie
  • 10 10.1 (get into) [safe] forzar* we broke the toolbox open abrimos la caja de herramientas forzándola 10.2 (escape from) (AmE) [jail] escaparse or fugarse* de 10.3 (decipher) [code] descifrar
  • 11 (change) cambiar can anyone break this $50 bill? ¿alguien me puede cambiar este billete de 50?, ¿alguien tiene cambio de 50?
  • 12 (open) [shotgun/revolver] abrir*

vi

  • 1 1.1 [window/plate] romperse*; [rope/shoelace] romperse*; [twig/stick] partirse, romperse*, quebrarse* (AmL) my watch broke se me rompió el reloj her tooth/nail broke se le rompió or partió el diente/la uña it broke into several pieces se hizo pedazos, se rompió en varios pedazos it breaks into squares se parte en cuadrados 1.2 (separate) the clouds are breaking se está despejando a splinter group which broke from the party un grupo disidente que se escindió del partido free1 1 3 , 1.3 [Sport] [boxers/fighters] separarse
  • 2 (give in) [resistance] desmoronarse, venirse* abajo she broke under constant interrogation no resistió el constante interrogatorio the soldiers broke and ran los soldados rompieron filas y echaron a correr
  • 3 3.1 (begin) [storm/crisis] estallar; [day] romper*, apuntar, despuntar 3.2 (change) [weather] cambiar his voice is breaking le está cambiando or mudando la voz his voice broke (with emotion) se le entrecortó la voz 3.3 (become known) [story] hacerse* público; [scandal] estallar, hacerse* público
  • 4 (strike) [wave/surf] romper* the waves were breaking against the sea wall las olas rompían contra el dique
  • 5 (adjourn) parar, hacer* una pausa to break for lunch/dinner parar para almorzar/cenar
  • 7 (move, shift) trasladarse the action then breaks to Budapest entonces la acción se traslada a Budapest
  • 8 (happen) (AmE) [colloquial/familiar] things are breaking well for me at the moment me están saliendo bien las cosas en este momento even2 2
  • 9 (in snooker, pool) abrir* el juego

Phrasal verbs

break away

v + adv
1.1 (become free) to break away (from sth/sb) [piece] desprenderse (de algo) the boat broke away from its moorings el barco se soltó de las amarras she tried to break away from him trató de soltarse to break away from traditional methods apartarse de los métodos tradicionales he broke away from the pack [Sport] se adelantó al pelotón, dejó atrás al pelotón 1.2 (secede, leave) to break away (from sth) [faction/region] escindirse or separarse (de algo)

break down

v + adv 1.1 (stop functioning) [vehicle/machine] estropearse, averiarse*, descomponerse* (AmL) , quedarse en pana (Chi) , quedarse varado (Col) ; [system] fallar, venirse* abajo 1.2 (become injured) [colloquial/familiar] [sportsman] lesionarse 1.3 (fail) [talks/negotiations] fracasar his health broke down perdió la salud, se enfermó (AmL) 1.4 (lose composure) perder* el control he broke down and cried perdió el control y se echó a llorar 1.5 (divide into components) the total breaks down as follows el total está compuesto or puede desglosarse de la siguiente manera the device breaks down into sections el dispositivo es desarmable or desmontable 1.1v + o + adv, v + adv + o 2.1 [door/fence/barrier] echar abajo, derribar 2.2 (overcome) [shyness] sobreponerse* a 2.3 (divide up) [expenditure] desglosar; [sentence] descomponer* the process can be broken down into three very simple steps el proceso puede dividirse en tres pasos muy sencillos 2.4 (dismantle) [weapon/machine] desmontar, desarmar 2.5 [Chem] [substance] descomponer*

break in

v + adv 1.1 (force entry) [burglar/intruder] entrar, meterse (para robar etc) 1.2 [Mil] penetrar en las defensas enemigas 1.3 (interrupt) interrumpirto break in on sth/sb I don't mean to break in on your conversation, but … no es que quiera meterme en or interrumpir su conversación, pero … sorry to break in on you like this perdonen que interrumpa 1.1v + o + adv, v + adv + o 2.1 (train) [horse] domar 2.2 [shoes/boots] ablandar, domar [humorístico/humorous] 2.3 (smash down) [door] echar abajo, derribar

break into

v + prep + o
1.1 (force entry) [building/grounds] entrar en, meterse en (para robar etc) our house was broken into nos entraron a robar, nos entraron ladrones 1.2 (gain entry in) [market/business] entrar or introducirse* en 1.3 (start on) [banknote] cambiar we broke into a bottle of port I'd been saving for Christmas abrimos una botella de oporto que tenía guardada para Navidad they had to break into their savings tuvieron que echar mano de sus ahorros 1.4 (encroach upon) it breaks into your spare time te quita tiempo libre 1.1 (begin) to break into a run echarse a correr to break into applause romper* or prorrumpir en aplausos to break into song ponerse* a cantar

break off

v + o + adv, v + adv + o 1.1 (detach) partir she broke off a piece of chocolate and gave it to him partió un trozo de chocolate y se lo dio 1.2 (end, stop) [engagement/diplomatic relations] romper* the president broke off his harangue el presidente interrumpió su arenga 1.1v + adv 2.1 (snap off, come free) [piece of ice] desprenderse the handle broke off se le rompió or salió el asa 2.2 (stop talking) parar (de hablar), detenerse*, callarse she broke off in mid-sentence paró or se detuvo or se calló en la mitad de la frase

break out

v + adv
1.1 (start) [war/epidemic/rioting] estallar 1.2 (appear) a rash broke out all over his face le salió un sarpullido en la cara beads of sweat broke out on her forehead le aparecieron gotas de sudor en la frente 1.3 (develop)to break out (in sth) he broke out in spots le salieron granos he broke out in a rash le salió un sarpullido to break out in a sweat empezar* a sudar the mere thought makes me break out in a cold sweat de solo pensarlo me da un sudor frío chocolate makes me break out (AmE) el chocolate me hace salir granos 1.1 (escape) [prisoner] escaparse, fugarse* to break out of a vicious circle salir* de or romper* un círculo vicioso they are eager to break out of their isolation están ansiosos por salir de su aislamiento

break through

v + adv 1.1 (penetrate) [Mil] penetrar en las defensas enemigas it was late before the sun broke through ya era tarde cuando salió el sol 1.2 (overcome major obstacle) at last we have broken through por fin hemos abierto (el) camino 1.1v + prep + o 2.1 (penetrate) [barrier/police cordon] atravesar*, romper* enemy forces broke through our defenses las fuerzas enemigas penetraron en nuestras defensas the sun broke through the clouds el sol se abrió paso entre las nubes 2.2 (overcome) I never managed to break through his reserve no logré que abandonara su reserva, no logré atravesar la barrera de su reserva

break up

v + o + adv, v + adv + o 1.1 [ship] desguazar* 1.2 (divide) [land/estate] dividir; [sentence] descomponer* break it up into four pieces divídelo or rómpelo en cuatro pedazos it helps break up the long mornings ayuda a que las mañanas no parezcan tan largas 1.3 (disperse) [demonstration] disolver* he broke up the fight between the boys separó a los niños que se estaban peleando come on, break it up! ¡vamos, basta ya! 1.4 (wreck, ruin) [home] deshacer* he felt responsible for breaking up their marriage se sentía responsable de su separación or del fracaso de su matrimonio 1.5 (disband) [team/group] desintegrar; [gang] desarticular 1.1v + adv 2.1 [lovers/band] separarse their partnership broke up se separaron, dejaron de ser socios their marriage broke up se separaron, su matrimonio fracasó to break up with sb romper* or terminar con algn, tronar* con algn (Méx) [familiar/colloquial] 2.2 [meeting/party] terminar; [crowd] dispersarse 2.3 (BrE) [Educ] we break up on the 21st las clases terminan el 21, las vacaciones empiezan el 22 when do you break up for Christmas? ¿cuándo empiezan las vacaciones de Navidad? 2.4 (break) romperse*, deshacerse* it broke up into tiny pieces se deshizo, se hizo añicos

break with

v + prep + o
1.1 [lover] romper* or terminar or (Méx) [familiar/colloquial] tronar* con 1.2 [tradition] romper* con

More definitions of break

Definition of break in:

Get more from Oxford Dictionaries

Subscribe to remove adverts and access premium resources

Word of the day cátedra
f
professorship …

There are 2 translations of break in Spanish:

break2

n

  • 4 (chance, opportunity) [colloquial/familiar] oportunidad (f) he never got a decent break nunca se le presentó una buena oportunidad she's still looking for a break todavía está esperando que le cambie la suerte
  • 5 (separation, rift) ruptura (f) a break between the superpowers una ruptura (de relaciones) entre las superpotencias to make a clean break cortar por lo sano he made a break with his past life rompió or cortó con su pasado a break with tradition una ruptura con la tradición
  • 6 6.1 (sudden move) he made a break for cover/the door corrió a refugiarse/hacia la puerta 6.2 (breakaway) contraataque (m)
  • 9 (beginning) [literario/literary] at (the) break of day al rayar el alba [literario/literary], al despuntar el día

More definitions of break

Definition of break in:

Get more from Oxford Dictionaries

Subscribe to remove adverts and access premium resources

Word of the day cátedra
f
professorship …