Translation of break in Spanish:
transitive verb past tense broke past participle broken
- 1(window/plate/rope)I've broken my pencilthey broke a hole in the fencese me ha roto la punta del lápizshe broke the chocolate into four piecesabrieron una brecha en la vallahe broke his wrist playing rugbypartió el chocolate en cuatro trozosI broke a tooth/my nailse rompió la muñeca jugando al rugbyto break the back of somethingse me rompió or partió un diente/la uñaI think we've broken the back of the jobhacer la peor parte de algocreo que ya tenemos hecho lo peor or la peor parte del trabajoExample sentences
- The cup broke under the strain.
- His brows creased as he tried to break a piece of chocolate and he smiled when he broke it off.
- The crew survived, but the aircraft exploded when its payload of munitions blew up breaking the windows of many local houses in the blast.
- 2 (render useless)Example sentences
- Right now, we've broken two bubble machines and have to buy a third one.
- However, in the ensuing minutes there was an argument, during which the sewing machine got broken.
- Someone broke the machine by jamming pencils in to it.
- 3 (violate)(promise)no cumplirfaltar a(appointment)to break a strikefaltar ano acudir a(workers, employees)romper una huelga(employers)→ law 1 2 → word 1 3poner fin aExample sentences
- Traders who break the law by selling to children risk a £5,000 fine and six months imprisonment.
- ‘Many doctors did not realise they were breaking the law by failing to seek the consent of relatives,’ he reported.
- I observe how society keeps breaking the rules.
- 4 (put an end to)(deadlock/impasse)(habit)(drug ring)the Romans could not break their powerlos romanos no pudieron quebrantar su poder or no pudieron abatirlosExample sentences
- Really wanting to break this bad habit is the first step to stopping.
- The Canadian Cancer Society is urging smokers trying to quit to plan out how they are going to break their habit.
- We would have to break old habits that perhaps were once useful, but don't serve their purpose anymore.
- 5 5.1 (ruin)(person/company)5.2 (crush) → heart 2 2 → spirit 1 3 → will2 1 1 2 5.3 (demote)arruinar arebajar de gradoExample sentences
- When I look at her I just think that at some point her spirit was broken and then, well, this is what became of her.
- Anne's spirit could not be broken.
- She was going to prove he hadn't broken her spirit.
- They know that this could break the movement and we are afraid that it will work.
- The bourgeoisie are agreed that the only solution is a dictatorship that crushes and breaks the workers' movement.
- Government indifference and racist violence did not break the movement - in fact it radicalised it.
- 6 (impart)to break something (
tosomebody)it was Sue who had to break the news to himthey broke it to her gentlyle tocó a Sue darle la noticiase lo dijeron con mucho tacto
- 8 8.1 (interrupt)(circuit/beam)(fast/silence)8.2 (split up, divide)(set/collection)8.3 (disrupt, upset)(pattern/continuity/monotony)Example sentences
- Everyone has a part to play in breaking this vicious cycle.
- We have to break this vicious cycle between drug dependency and crime.
- They must start to break their sequence of drawn games and start winning consistently if they are to retain their title.
- ‘Melissa,’ said Matthew breaking the silence and speaking for the first time since the fight had started.
- She felt it was her job to break the silence between the two.
- A father of two has broken his silence after keeping his sighting of a ghost 15 years ago at Woodville Halls Theatre a fearful secret.
- By bouncing, the reed breaks an electrical circuit.
- If either voltage or current is too big you could break the circuit.
- A switch works by breaking the circuit, which stops the current.
- 9 (breach, pierce)(soil)I haven't broken the skinthe submarine broke the surface of the waterno me he abierto la pielno me he rasguñadoel submarino afloró a la superficie
- 10 10.1 (get into)(safe)we broke the toolbox open10.2 (escape from)abrimos la caja de herramientas forzándola(American English) (jail)10.3 (decipher)escaparse or fugarse de(code)Example sentences
- We have a large exhibit on World War II cipher machines and the machines that broke the enemy's codes.
- When all the analyses were ready, the code was broken.
- Then you have to spend time breaking the code and making your own key, which only lets you hotwire the vehicle.
- The maid broke the safe and stole money and jewellery.
- They broke the safe in the Accounts Section and made away with the day's receipts.
- If a burglar breaks the safe and steals the guns, I won't be held responsible for their criminal use because I did what I reasonably could to secure them.
- 11 (change) can anyone break this $50 bill?¿alguien me puede cambiar este billete de 50?¿alguien tiene cambio de 50?
intransitive verb past tense broke past participle broken
- 1 1.1(window/plate)romperse(rope/shoelace)romperse(twig/stick)my watch brokepartirserompersequebrarse (Latin America)her tooth/nail brokese me rompió el relojit broke into several piecesse le rompió or partió el diente/la uñait breaks into squaresse hizo pedazosse rompió en varios pedazos1.2 (separate) See examples: the clouds are breakingse parte en cuadradosa splinter group which broke from the partyse está despejando→ free 1 1 3 1.3 (Sport)un grupo disidente que se escindió del partido(boxers/fighters)separarseExample sentences
- The ref was not between the fighters but he was instructing them to break.
- He possibly could have cautioned him for holding and hitting as well, or he could have simply ordered them to break.
- He said the first damaging blow came after the referee had told them to break and stop punching.
- 2 (give in)(resistance)she broke under constant interrogationdesmoronarsethe soldiers broke and ranno resistió el constante interrogatoriolos soldados rompieron filas y echaron a correrExample sentences
- Her control broke and she hit him hard across the face.
- The words died on her tongue, and all of her well-trained control broke.
- Once in his room, Tony's fragile control broke, tears quickly blinding him.
- 3 3.1 (begin)(storm/crisis)3.2 (change)(weather)his voice is breakinghis voice broke (with emotion)le está cambiando or mudando la vozse le entrecortó la vozExample sentences3.3 (become known)
(story)hacerse público(scandal)hacerse públicoExample sentences
- The hot spell had broken and now the weather was bearable again.
- The heatwave broke and it was gorgeous running weather this morning.
- The hot weather has definitely broken and it's jumpers before sunset, but only just before.
- He is said to have been regularly in tears since news of the scandal broke.
- Since news of the scandal broke, the company has been forced to fire two of its executives and to demand the resignation of its chairman.
- A federal investigator was on campus within 48 hours after news broke about the scandal.
- A mild thunderstorm has just broken out over west London, minutes after I got home.
- On the way to the airport, a colossal thunderstorm broke.
- A huge thunderstorm broke over St. George's early this morning.
- When day broke, the summer dawn could not penetrate the leaden gloom above the city.
- Dawn was breaking as Marie rose from her first restful night's sleep in two weeks.
- Dawn was a few hours away but when the day broke he knew his cover wouldn't last for long.
- 4 (strike)(wave/surf)the waves were breaking against the sea walllas olas rompían contra el diqueExample sentences
- Even in calm seas, the waves breaking over a reef are dangerous.
- Turning his face towards the sea, he watched the low waves breaking on the sea wall.
- His pace was brisk and he did not seem to appreciate the music of the sea waves breaking against the parapet.
- 7 (move, shift)the action then breaks to Budapesttrasladarseentonces la acción se traslada a Budapest
- 8 (happen) (American English) [colloquial]things are breaking well for me at the moment→ even1 2 2me están saliendo bien las cosas en este momento
- 9 (in snooker, pool)abrir el juegoExample sentences
- In each rack, you break, spot anything that went in, and take cueball in hand to begin the frame.
- Ronnie O'Sullivan breaks to get the final underway but the opening frame proves a scrappy affair lasting half-an-hour.
- He breaks and sits down without looking where the balls have spread.
- 1 1.1 (intermission) (Radio, Television) 1.2 (rest period)(at school) (British English)let's take a breakwe have a coffee break at 11tomémonos un descansoparemos para descansarhagamos una pausawe worked without a breaka las 11 paramos para tomar un café1.3 (holiday, vacation)trabajamos sin parar or descansarChristmas/summer breakvacaciones (feminine plural)vacaciones de Navidad/veranoExample sentences1.4 (change, respite) a welcome break
breakun cambio refrescante
- While the number of Irish holidaymakers enjoying short breaks or full-week stays in the region was up, there was a drop-off in visitors from abroad.
- I know that people travel from far and wide to enjoy short breaks and long holidays in our beautiful and historic city.
- People are taking shorter holidays so city breaks are more popular.
fromsomethingI need a break from all thisnecesito descansar de todo esto(a holiday)give me a break! [colloquial]necesito un cambio de airesExample sentences1.5 (in transmission)
- And I really find that I put so much into it when I am painting that I have to take a break from it.
- Taking a break from signing autographs, he seemed pleased with the way things had gone.
- Students come here to eat, drink and take a break from school work.
- A dead light-bulb is a break in the circuit, so that will also stop the current.
- A switch is a break in the circuit that stops the electrons from flowing.
- The break in the electric circuit had not been closed by pressure on the trip wire.
- A moment later, the break bell rang.
- Infant teachers who read it aloud in class were begged to continue when the bell rang for break.
- Just as she began to mull over this new development, the bell rang for first break.
- 2 2.1 (gap) 2.2 (in circuit)Example sentences
- Towards the western end of the ramparts there is an obvious break where a path leads through rocky portals to gain a grassy bealach.
- Eventually there came a break in the cloud below and I spotted a reservoir which I thought I recognized from a previous flight.
- On the opposite shore, I could make out a small railway bridge through a break in the trees.
- 3 (fracture)Example sentences
- For instance, if the break is clean and not frayed, he knows the frame has been knocked off the wall.
- The bird had a fractured leg where breaks commonly occur in leg trap injuries.
- In severe breaks, the broken bone may be poking through the skin.
- 4 (chance, opportunity) [colloquial] he never got a decent breakshe's still looking for a breaknunca se le presentó una buena oportunidadtodavía está esperando que le cambie la suerte
- 5 (separation, rift) a break between the superpowersto make a clean break he made a break with his past lifeuna ruptura (de relaciones) entre las superpotenciasa break with traditionrompió or cortó con su pasadouna ruptura con la tradiciónExample sentences
- This represented a break with 1900 years of complete Christian consensus.
- In a break with tradition, the Welsh Rugby Union has decided to make tickets for Six Nations matches available to the general public via their internet site.
- We may need to make a break with the past and with past evidence.
- 6 6.1 (sudden move) See examples: he made a break for cover/the door6.2 (breakaway)corrió a refugiarse/hacia la puertaExample sentences
- In the first half he made several breaks to launch English attacks.
- A single striker was aided by breaks from the wide players whenever they dared.
- They combined as early as the third minute, a break by the scrum half putting Dixon through a gap to score.
- 7 (escape)Example sentences
- He said it was possible that weapons used in the prison break could have been introduced to the property through the gaping fence.
- When local residents expressed concern after the prison break, the company simply shrugged it off.
- Up to this point, two-thirds of the way in, the focus of the film was the actual prison break.
- 8 (in snooker, pool)Example sentences
- My break came in the late 1960s, when I was a senior project manager at JC Penney.
- There were stints as a trainee barman, as a telegram boy, and in a men's clothes shop before he got his break at 17.
- He got his break in 1944 with When Strangers Marry, a film noir and eventually a cult classic.
- After scoring a break of 118 in the opening frame yesterday, he lost the next on black.
- Equally, rather than widen pockets and make it easier for players to shoot consistently higher breaks, snooker's governing body have actually done the opposite.
- He managed to knock in two century breaks - and a 62 for good measure - and was still outscored by his opponent.
- 10 (solo)Example sentences
- She is a fine pianist, straddling jazz, pop and classical styles, and the instrumental breaks on her debut album are solid.
- The song, with the addition of a long instrumental solo break, drove the lyrical quality of the song to the heart.
- Tracks on the album tend to feature brief lyric verses interspersed with longer instrumental breaks.
- 11 (in tennis)Example sentences
- He is a model of calmness on court in the third set and secures the crucial break of serve in game seven
- The 22-year-old crawled back to 3-4 with a service break in the seventh game.
- The final set was decided by a single break of serve in the ninth game, achieved with a spectacular running forehand down the line.
- 1.1 (become free) See examples:to break away (
- 1verb + adverb 1.1 (stop functioning)
- 1verb + adverb 1.1 (force entry)
- 1 1.1 (force entry)
- 1verb + object + adverb, verb + adverb + object 1.1 (detach) she broke off a piece of chocolate and gave it to him
- 1 1.1 (start)
- 1verb + adverb 1.1 (penetrate) (Military)
- 1verb + object + adverb, verb + adverb + object 1.1
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