- barbilla (feminine), mentón (masculine), pera (feminine) (Southern Cone/Cono Sur) [colloquial/familiar] to have a weak o receding chin no tener* barbilla double chin papada (feminine), doble barba (feminine) [colloquial/familiar] to keep one's chin up no perder* el ánimo chin up! [colloquial/familiar] ¡ánimo! [colloquial/familiar] to take it on the chin (American English/inglés norteamericano) sufrir las consecuencias, pagar* el pato [colloquial/familiar] it was the kids who took it on the chin fueron los niños los que sufrieron las consecuencias or [colloquial/familiar] pagaron el pato to take sth on the chin encajar bien un golpe (suffer stoically) (British English/inglés británico) aguantar algo con resignación she took their criticisms on the chin encajó bien las críticas
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Spain had three civil wars known as the guerras carlistas (1833-39, 1860, 1872-76). When Fernando VII died in 1833, he was succeeded not by his brother the Infante Don Carlos de Borbón, but by his daughter Isabel, under the regency of her mother María Cristina. This provoked a mainly northern-Spanish revolt, with local guerrillas pitted against the forces of the central government. The Carlist Wars were also a confrontation between conservative rural Catholic Spain, especially the Basque provinces and Aragón, led by the carlistas, and the progressive liberal urban middle classes allied with the army. Carlos died in 1855, but the carlistas, representing political and religious traditionalism, supported his descendants' claims until reconciliation in 1977 with King Juan Carlos.